Ruppert Archaeopteryx

The Ruppert Archaeopteryx (English: ancient wing) is a Swiss high-wing, pod-and-boom, single-seat, microlift glider that was designed by Roger Ruppert and is produced by Ruppert Composite GmbH.[2][3][4]

Archaeopteryx being footlaunched.jpg
Archaeopteryx Race being footlaunched
Role Glider
National origin Switzerland
Manufacturer Ruppert Composite GmbH
Designer Roger Ruppert
First flight September 2001
Introduction 2001
Status In series production
Produced 2010-present
Number built 18 (2021)[1]

The aircraft is named for the feathered Archaeopteryx dinosaur.

Design and developmentEdit

The Archaeopteryx was conceived as a foot-launchable microlift sailplane, with the design goals of a light empty weight, low stall speed with gentle stall characteristics, good maneuverability and good high speed performance. A further goal was a sailplane that could be foot-launched in zero wind conditions.[2]

The Archaeopteryx design started in 1998 at the Zurich University of Applied Sciences (ZHAW) as a research project. The first flight of the initial prototype was in September 2001. Based on initial lessons the prototype was modified and reflown in May 2002. Further flight tests and modifications were carried out, with the prototype re-flying in its new form in March 2003. The production prototype design was started in 2006 and completed in 2009. The first series production started in the summer of 2009 and production deliveries to customers commenced in May 2010. By the summer of 2021, 18 aircraft had been delivered to customers in Australia, Argentina, Germany, France, Austria and Switzerland.[1][3][5]

Archaeopteryx standard version, Mollis, June 2011
View from inside Archaeopteryx during flight
Archaeopteryx comparison (used with explicit permission from Roger Ruppert)
Archaeopteryx with factory electrical motor
Archaeopteryx electrical motor and propeller detail

The controls are conventional, with a stick for ailerons and elevator and rudder pedals. The aircraft uses flaps for glidepath control, which function as airbrakes when set to 45-70 degrees. A ballistic parachute with an area of 62 m2 (670 sq ft) is also fitted. The aircraft can be rigged for flight by one person in 15 minutes. It has been launched by foot, aero-tow, bungee launch, auto-tow and winch-launch and has been landed on its wheel and foot-landed as well.[6][7][8][9]

The aircraft can accommodate pilots from 165 to 195 cm (65 to 77 in) in height and 55 to 100 kg (121 to 220 lb).[10]

The company further developed a prototype equipped with two electric motors to provide self-launch capability.[11] This prototype did not have satisfactory performance, and a single electric motor version was developed instead. This electric propulsion was introduced in mid-2014 to allow self-launching. About two dozen have been sold (and some were retrofitted to earlier sold models). Takeoff roll distance is 50 m (160 ft) and rate of climb when fully charged is 2.5 m/s (8.2 ft/s). It can run at full power for 11 minutes on one charge. The electrical motor uses 10.5 kW at 3800 rpm, and the propeller delivers 370 N when flying at 75 km/h. Storage is a 14s1p lithium polymer battery (Kokam) with 40 Ah capacity, delivering 2.07 kWh, maximum 58.8 V and maximum continuous current of 200 amps.[12]


Archaeopteryx Standard
Basic design without cockpit fairing[13]
Archaeopteryx Performance
Basic design, with cockpit fairing; no longer in production[13][14]
Archaeopteryx Race
Basic design, with cockpit fairing and windshield[13]
Archaeopteryx Electro
Race version with electrical propulsion[15]

Specifications (Standard)Edit

Data from Sailplane Directory, company website and flight manual[2][10][12]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 5.7 m (18 ft 10 in)
  • Wingspan: 13.6 m (44 ft 7 in)
  • Height: 2.9 m (9 ft 7 in)
  • Wing area: 12.8 m2 (138 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 54 kg (119 lb)
  • Gross weight: 160 kg (353 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 191 kg (421 lb)


  • Cruise speed: 57.5 km/h (35.7 mph, 31.0 kn)
  • Stall speed: 30–39 km/h (19–24 mph, 16–21 kn)
  • Never exceed speed: 130 km/h (81 mph, 70 kn)
  • g limits: +4.0 / -2.0 at 130 km/h and +5.1 / -3.1 at 100 km/h
  • Maximum glide ratio: 28:1
  • Rate of sink: 0.50 m/s (98 ft/min)


See alsoEdit

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era

Related lists


  1. ^ a b Ruppert Composite GmbH (August 2012). "plane locations". Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  2. ^ a b c Activate Media (2006). "Archaeopteryx Ruppert Composite GmbH". Archived from the original on 2 September 2012. Retrieved 25 August 2011.
  3. ^ a b Ruppert Composite GmbH (August 2011). "Development Steps". Archived from the original on 6 October 2009. Retrieved 25 August 2011.
  4. ^ Bertrand, Noel; Rene Coulon; et al: World Directory of Leisure Aviation 2003-04, page 42. Pagefast Ltd, Lancaster OK, 2003. ISSN 1368-485X
  5. ^ "Development history Archaeopteryx". Retrieved 25 August 2012.
  6. ^ Ruppert Composite GmbH (August 2011). "Control Systems". Archived from the original on 6 October 2009. Retrieved 25 August 2011.
  7. ^ Ruppert Composite GmbH (August 2011). "Safety". Archived from the original on 2 February 2010. Retrieved 25 August 2011.
  8. ^ Ruppert Composite GmbH (August 2011). "Rigging". Archived from the original on 6 October 2009. Retrieved 25 August 2011.
  9. ^ Ruppert Composite GmbH (August 2011). "Take-off and landing". Archived from the original on 2 February 2010. Retrieved 25 August 2011.
  10. ^ a b Ruppert Composite GmbH (August 2011). "Data". Archived from the original on 4 February 2010. Retrieved 25 August 2011.
  11. ^ Ruppert Composite GmbH (August 2012). "Archaeopteryx prototype electric flight". Retrieved 24 August 2012.
  12. ^ a b Flughandbuch für das Fluggerät Archaeopteryx; Version 2.2; 27 December 2016; Ruppert Composite GmbH
  13. ^ a b c Ruppert Composite GmbH (August 2011). "Versions". Archived from the original on 7 January 2010. Retrieved 25 August 2011.
  14. ^ "Cockpit versions". Retrieved 25 August 2012.
  15. ^ Roger Ruppert. "The electric drive system is ready!". Archived from the original on 1 April 2016. Retrieved 17 May 2015.
  16. ^ "Instrumentation". Retrieved 25 August 2012.

External linksEdit