Rumyantsev Museum

The Rumyantsev Museum (Russian: Румянцевский музей) was Moscow's first public museum.[1] It evolved from the personal art collection and library of Count Nikolay Rumyantsev (1754–1826), the last of his family.

The Pashkov House is perched on a hill opposite the Moscow Kremlin


The Rumyantsev collection was opened to the general public in 1831. It occupied the Rumyantsev House on English Quay in St. Petersburg. The museum's library was its most valuable part, since 1845 affiliated with the Imperial Public Library. It was coveted by the city of Moscow which had no public library of its own. It was Prince Vladimir Odoevsky who suggested to transfer the library to Moscow.[2] His suggestion was approved by the Council of Ministers in 1861.

The Angel with Golden Hair, a 12th-century icon from Rumyantsev's collection

The Rumyantsev Museum was split into the departments of painting, engraving, numismatics, and archaeology.[3]


Rembrandt's painting Ahasuerus and Haman at the Feast of Esther was one of the museum's highlights

The Soviets decided to shut down the museum in 1924. Despite some voices of dissent, the decision was implemented in 1927:


  1. ^ Archived from the original on June 22, 2008. Retrieved July 3, 2010. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 18 July 2012. Retrieved 3 February 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Книжные памятники РФ | Книжные памятники". Retrieved 2016-02-16.

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