The Royal Rotterdam Lloyd (Koninklijke Rotterdamsche Lloyd or KRL) was a Dutch shipping company that was established in Rotterdam between 1883 and 1970. Until 1947 the name was Rotterdamsche Lloyd (RL). In 1970 the KRL merged with several other Dutch shipping companies to form the Nederlandsche Scheepvaart Unie (NSU), known from 1977 as Nedlloyd.
|Fate||succeeded by Nedlloyd|
|Parent||Nederlandsche Scheepvaart Unie|
The Royal Rotterdam was founded on June 15, 1883 with seven ships, housed in joint shipping companies and under the management of Wm. Ruys & Zonen, were united in one company the company's origins date back to 1839 when the Rotterdam shipowner Willem Ruys (1809-1889) set sail for the Dutch East Indies and the Far East. As a result of the opening of the Suez Canal, his son Willem Ruys (1837-1901) expanded the company in 1872 with a steamboat service to Batavia.
In 1875 he founded the Partenrederij Stoomboot Reederij "Rotterdamsche Lloyd" himself, whose name was changed in 1881 to Stoomvaart Maatschappij "Rotterdamsche Lloyd", and which was eventually converted in 1883 into a public limited company under the name Rotterdamsche Lloyd NV.
Director Willem Ruys was arrested as a hostage by the German occupiers and executed in 1942. The shipping company lost at least ten ships in the western hemisphere as well as in Asian waters as a result of German and Japanese acts of war. Including the Slamat, Baloeran and Dempo. The cargo ship Kertosono was the first casualty of the German raider Thor in July 1940. The Slamat disaster on April 27, 1941 was the biggest disaster in Dutch merchant navy history, 983 people were killed, more than 450 of them from the Slamat.
Passenger ships in particular became well known, such as Indrapoera (1926-1956), Baloeran (1930-1940), Dempo (1931-1944) and Willem Ruys (1947-1964). Cargo ships with passenger accommodation also arrived.
As a result of the Second World War, the creation of the state of Indonesia in 1949 and the disappearance of the old colonial connections, the KRL had to look for new areas of work. Smit-Lloyd was founded in 1964 together with Smit Internationale to operate platform supply vessels for the offshore.
On January 20, 1970 the KRL merged with four other Dutch shipping companies to form the Nederlandsche Scheepvaart Unie (NSU), known as Nedlloyd from 1977. The archives of the KRL were transferred to the municipal archives of Rotterdam.
- J. van Beylen e.a. (red.), Maritieme Encyclopedie. Deel IV, Bussum, 1971, p. 132-133 ISBN 9022810062
- B.W. Scholten, F.M.E.W. Haalmeijer, Rotterdamsche Lloyd, Houten, 1988 ISBN 9026944977
- F.van der Stel, Rotterdamsche Lloyd, Rosmalen, 2004 ISBN 9080800228
- N. Guns, Koninklijke Rotterdamsche Lloyd. Beknopte geschiedenis van een rederij, Zutphen, 2004 ISBN 9057303310
- Inventory of the archives of the KRL in the Gemeentearchief Rotterdam
- Lloyd-Atelier website about the KRL.