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The Romanian mafia is the category of organized crime groups whose members are of predominantly Romanian ethnicity. They have expanded their criminal activities in the European Union, reads a Europol report on EU organized crime, being active mostly in Northern Italy and Spain as well as parts of the United States were they are involved in drug trafficking,fraudulent crimes as well as ATM skimming. They participate in a wide range of criminal activities ranging from prostitution and extortion to drug trade, also document forgery and property crime. Romanian crime syndicates are also responsible for most human trafficking throughout Europe.[1]

Romanian mafia
Founding locationRomania
TerritoryRomania, Northern Italy, Spain, Netherlands, Germany, United Kingdom, United States, Canada, France, Moldova, Australia, New Zealand, Ireland, India, Scotland, Ireland
Criminal activitiesHuman trafficking, illegal drug trade, prostitution, murder, cigarette smuggling, forgery, car trafficking, extortion, cyber crime, arms trafficking, property crime, racketeering, RFID skimming, usury, online automotive fraud, wire fraud
AlliesItalian Mafia
Serbian mafia
Russian mafia
Nazi Lowriders
Ukrainian mafia
Sinaloa Cartel

Greek Mafia
Gypsy gangs

Recently[when?], it was reported that some Romanians specialize in ATM skimming in Australia and New Zealand.[2] According to the Queensland Police, the country's history partly explains this criminal specialization: "Romania was prior to the fall of the Ceaușescu dictatorship, a centre of mathematics and computer coding and those skills were exploited by Eastern Bloc organized crime groups.".[3]


  1. ^ "Southeast Europe Online". Retrieved 2012-11-30.
  2. ^ "Romanian scammers targeting Sydney ATMs". 15 August 2013.
  3. ^ "Why Romanians specialise in ATM skimming". 15 December 2011.