Rolf A. Faste (1943–2003) was an American designer who made major contributions to the fields of human-centered design and design education. He was a professor of industrial design at Syracuse University from 1971–1984, and professor of mechanical engineering and director of the Stanford Joint Program in Design from 1984–2003. He is best known for his contributions to creative design practice, or "design thinking," which he pioneered as a 'whole person' approach to problem solving centered on the perception of needs.
|Rolf Arne Faste|
September 6, 1943|
Seattle, Washington, United States
Stevens Institute of Technology|
|Fields||Design, Mechanical Engineering, Architecture|
Early life and educationEdit
Faste was born in Seattle, Washington, the eldest child of Andreas Faste, a naval architect noted for his work on the MV Coho ferry, and Edith Morch Faste, an artist. Interested from a young age with the intersection between art and engineering, he earned a bachelor's degree in mechanical engineering from Stevens Institute of Technology in 1965, a master's degree in engineering design from Tufts University in 1971, and a second bachelor's degree in architecture from Syracuse University in 1977. Faste's graduate thesis work at Tufts on engineering creativity was advised by William J. J. Gordon, the originator of Synectics, and demonstrated a correlation between an individual's creative ability when working on science and engineering problems and their capacity to visualize solution concepts.
Faste was a professor of design at Syracuse University from 1971–1984, where he taught classes on rapid visualization, prototyping, materials, computer-aided design, aesthetics and the creative process. He was active in the field of accessible design in the early 1970s, and as research associate on the ANSI A117 project he co-authored the national standards for accessibility to buildings. During this time he also served as an UNESCO consultant to the Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, India.
At Stanford Faste was noted for his contributions to engineering education and design research, developing courses to strengthen students' visual and creative skills such as Aesthetics of Machinery, Ambidextrous Thinking and Expression of Function. He was interested in exploring the way that the body and mind influence technical creativity, understanding needs and cultural meaning in the creation of products, and incorporating functional, aesthetic and humanistic concerns in design. He was a recipient of the Raymond J. Perrin Award for Teaching and Course Development, and held five patents and one patent pending for his innovations.
In 2009, Faste's sons founded the Rolf A. Faste Foundation for Design Creativity, a non-profit center for creativity research. The foundation is dedicated to furthering Rolf's vision of design as a way of being in the world for the betterment of human society and mind.
- Faste, Rolf A., “Perceiving Needs”, SAE Journal, Society of Automotive Engineers, 1987
- Faste, Rolf A., “Ambidextrous Thinking”, Innovations in Mechanical Engineering Curricula for the 1990s, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, November 1994
- Obie, Dave, "The artist behind the Coho legacy", Times Colonist, 2009
- Faste, Rolf A., “The Role of Visualization in Creative Behavior”, Engineering Education, November 1972, pp. 124-127, 146
- Faste, Rolf A., "The Human Challenge in Engineering Design", International Journal of Engineering Education, vol. 17, 2001
- United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), "Industrial Design Centre, India Institute of Technology (IIT), Bombay: Project Findings and Recommendations"; United Nations Development Programme, Paris, 1985
- "Stanford News Service".
- "Rolf A. Faste Foundation for Design Creativity".
- "The Faste Laboratory".