Roi Et (Thai: ร้อยเอ็ด, pronounced [rɔ́ːj ʔèt]) is a town (thesaban mueang) in north-eastern Thailand, capital of Roi Et province.[1] It covers the whole tambon Nai Mueang of Mueang Roi Et district. As of 2006 it had a population of 34,229. Roi Et is 514 km from Bangkok,[2] and is served by Roi Et Airport.

Roi Et
Roi Et City Hall
Roi Et City Hall
Roi Et is located in Thailand
Roi Et
Roi Et
Coordinates: 16°3′11″N 103°39′4″E / 16.05306°N 103.65111°E / 16.05306; 103.65111
Country Thailand
ProvincesRoi Et Province
AmphoeMueang Roi Et District
Elevation
150 m (490 ft)
Population
 (2006)
34,229
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Large gong at a Buddhist temple, Roi Et
Main road in Roi Et.

Etymology edit

The place name Roi Et (ร้อยเอ็ด, literally "one hundred and one") is derived from ร้อย (rɔ́ɔi, "hundred") + เอ็ด (èt, "one"), which in the Thai language carries the archaic and figurative meaning of "many," "a good many," "a great many," or "numerous."

Geography edit

Roi Et lies on a flat plain about 150 metres (490 ft) above sea level.

History edit

Roi Et City has been a major settlement for more than 300 years. In ancient times It was once called 'Saket Nakhon' and referred to as "a large city with 11 gates and 11 vassal cities", but in modern-day terms it would be classed as a middle sized market town.[3]

Main features of the town edit

At the center of Roi Et lies a lake, next to a 101 meter observation tower that is modeled in the shape of a traditional circular panpipe.[4]

Climate edit

Roi Et has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw). Winters are dry and very warm. Temperatures rise until April, which is hot with the average daily maximum at 35.7 °C (96.3 °F). The monsoon season runs from May through October, with heavy rain and somewhat cooler temperatures during the day, although nights remain warm.

Climate data for Roi Et (1991–2020)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 37.3
(99.1)
38.7
(101.7)
40.7
(105.3)
42.3
(108.1)
41.1
(106.0)
37.8
(100.0)
36.8
(98.2)
35.2
(95.4)
35.7
(96.3)
34.9
(94.8)
36.2
(97.2)
35.0
(95.0)
42.3
(108.1)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 30.5
(86.9)
32.7
(90.9)
34.9
(94.8)
36.0
(96.8)
34.7
(94.5)
33.7
(92.7)
32.6
(90.7)
32.0
(89.6)
31.6
(88.9)
31.5
(88.7)
31.2
(88.2)
29.9
(85.8)
32.6
(90.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 23.7
(74.7)
25.8
(78.4)
28.5
(83.3)
29.9
(85.8)
29.4
(84.9)
29.1
(84.4)
28.4
(83.1)
28.0
(82.4)
27.7
(81.9)
27.0
(80.6)
25.5
(77.9)
23.6
(74.5)
27.2
(81.0)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 17.8
(64.0)
19.8
(67.6)
23.1
(73.6)
24.9
(76.8)
25.4
(77.7)
25.5
(77.9)
25.3
(77.5)
25.0
(77.0)
24.7
(76.5)
23.2
(73.8)
20.7
(69.3)
18.1
(64.6)
22.8
(73.0)
Record low °C (°F) 6.3
(43.3)
9.8
(49.6)
10.9
(51.6)
17.5
(63.5)
20.0
(68.0)
21.8
(71.2)
21.2
(70.2)
21.9
(71.4)
20.4
(68.7)
16.0
(60.8)
11.4
(52.5)
6.7
(44.1)
6.3
(43.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 6.9
(0.27)
11.5
(0.45)
43.0
(1.69)
79.7
(3.14)
180.8
(7.12)
189.7
(7.47)
219.7
(8.65)
262.7
(10.34)
250.9
(9.88)
96.8
(3.81)
14.9
(0.59)
2.5
(0.10)
1,359.1
(53.51)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 0.8 1.4 3.3 5.1 11.9 11.9 13.4 14.9 14.1 6.2 1.4 0.4 84.8
Average relative humidity (%) 65.1 62.7 61.7 64.4 73.1 75.8 78.1 80.2 82.0 76.5 69.8 66.0 71.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 257.3 243.0 238.7 204.0 158.1 117.0 120.9 117.8 144.0 179.8 219.0 257.3 2,256.9
Mean daily sunshine hours 8.3 8.6 7.7 6.8 5.1 3.9 3.9 3.8 4.8 5.8 7.3 8.3 6.2
Source 1: World Meteorological Organization[5]
Source 2: Office of Water Management and Hydrology, Royal Irrigation Department (sun 1981–2010)[6](extremes)[7]

Transportation edit

Route 214 leads north to Kalasin and south to Kaset Wisai, Surin, and Prasat. Route 2044 leads east to Phon Thong. Route 23 leads west to Maha Sarakham and Ban Phai, and east to Yasothon and Ubon Ratchathani. Route 215 leads south to Suwannaphum and the border with Surin Province. Route 232 is a 4-lane ring road that enables through-traffic to avoid the city centre.

Roi Et is served by Roi Et Airport to the north of the town.[8]

References edit

  1. ^ "Roi Et". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Archived from the original on 23 June 2012. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  2. ^ "Distance Bangkok-Roi Et". DistancesFrom.com. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  3. ^ "City of 11 gates". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 2023-06-20.
  4. ^ "New Roi-Et tower hits high note on Isaan skyline". nationthailand. 2020-06-04. Retrieved 2022-02-10.
  5. ^ "World Meteorological Organization Climate Normals for 1991–2020". World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 12 October 2023.
  6. ^ "ปริมาณการใช้น้ำของพืชอ้างอิงโดยวิธีของ Penman Monteith (Reference Crop Evapotranspiration by Penman Monteith)" (PDF) (in Thai). Office of Water Management and Hydrology, Royal Irrigation Department. p. 54. Retrieved 1 August 2016.
  7. ^ "Climatological Data for the Period 1981–2010". Thai Meteorological Department. Retrieved 4 August 2016.
  8. ^ "Rob Muang Airport". OurAirports. Retrieved 4 February 2013.

External links edit

16°03′11″N 103°39′4″E / 16.05306°N 103.65111°E / 16.05306; 103.65111