Rodrigo Gómez de Traba

Rodrigo Gómez de Traba, also called Ruy Gómez de Trastámara[a] (fl. 1201–1260), was a Galician nobleman of the House of Traba.[b]

He was the third son of Count Gómez González de Traba and his second wife, Miraglia, daughter of Count Ermengol VII of Urgell. His parents' marriage took place before 1182. Rodrigo's brothers were Fernando, Gonzalo and Velasco.[2] His uncle was Rodrigo González de Traba.[3] On 18 May 1201, Gómez González gave half of the church of Santo Tomé to the nearby monastery of Villanueva de Lorenzana and his sons Velasco and Rodrigo confirmed the donation.[4] Sometime before 1218, Rodrigo married Mayor, daughter of Alfonso Téllez de Meneses and a daughter of Rodrigo Gutiérrez Girón.[5]

Rodrigo was one of the most loyal and favoured magnates of King Alfonso IX of Galicia and León. By the 1220s, he was one of only three Galician or Leonese magnates[c] to regularly attend Alfonso's diminished court at a time when it was dominated by Pedro and Martim Sanches, the illegitimate sons of King Sancho I of Portugal.[6] From the 1220s, Rodrigo also held the royal fiefs of Trastámara and Monteroso, which his father had also held on behalf of the crown.[7] In 1230, Rodrigo acquired Montenegro, another one of his father's former fiefs, after it was taken away from Martim Sanches. He did not, however, receive his father's old fief of Sarria, which was also taken from Martim at the time, but was handed to the Fróilaz family. Rodrigo governed the three Galician fiefs continually down to 1252.[8]

Private documents issued in Rodrigo's fiefs continue to name him in their dating clauses until May 1260. The first reference to his death is in a bull issued by Pope Urban IV on 28 March 1263, which prohibited the bishop and chapter of Mondoñedo from alienating an encomienda granted to them by the late Rodrigo.[d] He was probably dead by November 1262, when Alfonso Rodríguez appears as lord of Montenegro.[10]


  1. ^ Ruy is a variant of Rodrigo.
  2. ^ The name "de Traba" is not contemporary, but has been applied by historians to all the members of a family with close ties to the royal castle of Traba.[1]
  3. ^ The others were Rodrigo Fernández de Valduerna and Fernando Gutiérrez de Lemos.[6]
  4. ^ This was not his only donation to a church. In 1229, Rodrigo donated his possessions in a place called Lea to the bishop and chapter of Lugo.[9]


  1. ^ Bianchini 2013, p. 37 n. 19.
  2. ^ Barton 1997, p. 254.
  3. ^ Bianchini 2013, p. 37.
  4. ^ Villa-Amil y Castro 1971, p. 275.
  5. ^ Villa-Amil y Castro 1971, pp. 276–77.
  6. ^ a b Bianchini 2012, p. 190.
  7. ^ Bianchini 2013, p. 40 n. 36.
  8. ^ Bianchini 2013, pp. 42–43.
  9. ^ Pardo de Guevara y Valdés 2011, p. 117.
  10. ^ Villa-Amil y Castro 1971, pp. 285–86.


  • Barton, Simon (1997). The Aristocracy in Twelfth-Century León and Castile. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Bianchini, Janna (2012). The Queen's Hand: Power and Authority in the Reign of Berenguela of Castile. University of Pennsylvania Press.
  • Bianchini, Janna (2013). "The Distribution of Tenancies in León, c. 1200–1250: Charter Evidence for a History of Power". Journal of Medieval Iberian Studies. 5 (1): 33–46. doi:10.1080/17546559.2012.758445. S2CID 159922039.
  • Pardo de Guevara y Valdés, Eduardo (2011). "Los López de Lemos, señores de Ferreira y Sober: El linaje y sus parentelas en los siglos XIII al XVI". Cuadernos de Estudios Gallegos. 58 (124): 111–48. doi:10.3989/ceg.2011.v58.i124.245.
  • Villa-Amil y Castro, José (1971). "Rodrigo Gómez: Cuadro histórico de las costumbres de la nobleza gallega en el siglo XIII". Grial. 9 (33): 273–302. JSTOR 29748921. Originally published in three parts in Revista de la Universidad de Madrid 5 [1875] (3): 301–10; 5 [1875] (6): 584–94; and 6 [1876] (4): 391–415.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: postscript (link)