Rodovia Presidente Dutra
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The Rodovia Presidente Dutra, (BR-116 – or SP-060 in the state of São Paulo), colloquially known as Via Dutra is a federal highway which runs through the eastern part of the state of São Paulo and southwestern region of the state of Rio de Janeiro. It is the part of BR-116 connecting the city of São Paulo to the city of Rio de Janeiro.
|Maintained by CCR NovaDutra (since 1996)|
|Length||402 km (250 mi)|
|Existed||1951 (duplication made to a Dual carriageway in 1967)–present|
|East end||Avenida Brasil in Vista Alegre, Rio de Janeiro, RJ|
| RJ-071 Linha Vermelha|
RJ-085 Av. Automóvel Clube
RJ-105 (access to Nova Iguaçu and Belford Roxo)
RJ-093 (access to Engenheiro Pedreira, district of Japeri)
RJ-125 (access to Japeri, Miguel Pereira and Paty do Alferes)
BR-493 Arco Metropolitano do Rio de Janeiro
RJ-127 (access to Paracambi and Eng. Paulo de Frontin)
BR-465 former Rodovia Rio-São Paulo
RJ-145 (access to Piraí, Barra do Piraí and Valença)
BR-393 Lúcio Meira
RJ-155 (access to Angra dos Reis)
SP-068 Rodovia dos Tropeiros
BR-459 Lorena-Poços de Caldas
SP-171 former Estrada Real (access to Paraty)
SP-125 Oswaldo Cruz (access to Ubatuba)
SP-070 Carvalho Pinto
SP-123 Floriano R. Pinheiro (access to Campos do Jordão)
SP-050 Rodovia Monteiro Lobato
SP-099 Rodovia dos Tamoios (access to Caraguatatuba)
SP-065 D. Pedro I (access to Campinas)
SP-070 Ayrton Senna
SP-021 Rodoanel Mário Covas
SP-019 Hélio Smidt
BR-381 Fernão Dias
|West end||Marginal Tietê in Vila Maria, São Paulo, SP|
|Highways in Brazil|
Major cities connected by this part of BR-116 are the city of São Paulo, Jacareí, São José dos Campos, Taubaté, Pindamonhangaba, Guaratinguetá, Resende, Barra Mansa, Volta Redonda and the city of Rio de Janeiro.
It covers a total distance of 402 kilometres (250 mi), starting at the Trevo das Margaridas in Rio de Janeiro and ending at the junction with Marginal Tietê in São Paulo. It merges with Rodovia Ayrton Senna in the county of Guararema and has junctions with Rodovia Fernão Dias, BR-354 and BR-459. The highway largely follows the Paraíba do Sul river valley.
Via Dutra is considered the most important Brazilian highway since it connects the two biggest and most important cities of Brazil and runs through one of the richest regions of the country, the Paraíba Valley. It is also the most important connection between the Southern Region and the Northeast Region. It is named after former Brazilian president Eurico Gaspar Dutra, who inaugurated the highway.
At the end of the 1940s industrialization and the necessity of a faster, safer and more efficient and modern road connection of the two biggest Brazilian cities led to the construction of the Rodovia Presidente Dutra as it is known today. It was inaugurated on January 19, 1951 by the President Eurico Gaspar Dutra and called BR-2. It was a two-lane road with exception of the stretches between São Paulo and Guarulhos and in the Baixada Fluminense where it was a four-lane dual carriageway.
In the 1960s it had various stretches converted to four-lane divided road. In 1967 it was fully upgraded to four-lane highway status.
In the 1970s traffic has been eased on the Via Dutra due to the construction of the Rodovia dos Trabalhadores, now called Rodovia Ayrton Senna and its part built in the 1990s called Rodovia Governador Carvalho Pinto leading up to Taubaté.
The highway is managed and maintained by a state concession to the private company NovaDutra S/A since March 1996, and therefore is a toll road. From that transfer of ownership up to today it has largely improved in road quality and safety.