Robert Jackson (UN administrator)
Sir Robert Gillman Allen Jackson, AC, KCVO, CMG, OBE (8 November 1911 – 12 January 1991) was an Australian naval officer, public servant and United Nations administrator who specialised in technical and logistical assistance to the developing world.
Sir Robert Jackson
|Secretary of the Department of National Development|
17 March 1950 – 30 September 1950
|Preceded by||Harold Breen|
|Succeeded by||Jack Stevens|
2 June 1951 – 15 July 1951
|Preceded by||Jack Stevens|
|Succeeded by||Sir Harold Raggatt|
Wilbur Kenneth Jackson
8 November 1911
Fitzroy, Victoria, Australia
|Died||12 January 1991 (aged 79)|
Roehampton, London, United Kingdom
|Civilian awards||Companion of the Order of Australia|
Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order
Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George
|Branch/service||Royal Australian Navy|
|Years of service||1929–1941|
|Battles/wars||Second World War|
|Military awards||Officer of the Order of the British Empire|
Jackson was born Wilbur Kenneth Jackson in Melbourne, Victoria, on 8 November 1911. He was educated at Cheltenham High School and Mentone Grammar School, which his father Archibald Jackson had helped found, but his father's death meant he did not go to university and started his career in the Royal Australian Navy at 18.
Jackson was seconded to the Royal Navy in 1938 and proved his ability in his plans for defending Malta during the Second World War, for which he was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire. In 1941, he was appointed principal adviser to Oliver Lyttleton, War Cabinet minister in Cairo, and his work with the Middle East Supply Centre encouraging local food production across many countries fostered his diplomatic and administrative skills.
After the war, Jackson was responsible for the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) projects in Europe, parts of Africa and the Far East, "the biggest UN relief operation ever". Next he was assistant to Trygve Lie, first secretary-general of the UN, with whom he had an awkward working relationship, and then returned to the United Kingdom to work at the Treasury before moving to the Australian Ministry of National Development.
Jackson came to specialise in multiple purpose river development schemes, and his obituary in The Times said "he was associated with virtually all major undertakings of this kind in the developing world". While working on the Volta project in Ghana from 1953 to 1960, he got to know Kwame Nkrumah. His time in Ghana led to the awards of Knight Bachelor in 1956, and Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order in 1962.
From the 1950s onward, he advised the governments of India and Pakistan, and in 1962 he went to the UN as consultant to Paul Hoffman of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), advising on technical, logistical and pre-investment aid to developing countries. By 1971, he had helped with UNDP projects in 60 countries.
The "Jackson Report" or "Capacity Study" on UN reform was published in 1969, urging that UN projects should be harmonised with a country's own development plan, and provoking some controversy. Margaret Anstee, another UN administrator, collaborated with him on this report. They became close personally as well as professionally, and their relationship continued until Jackson's death on 12 January 1991.
Jackson's last major operations were co-ordinating relief for Bangladesh between 1972 and 1975, and assistance for Kampuchea and Kampuchean refugees in Thailand between 1979 and 1984. He was made a Companion of the Order of Australia in 1986.
Jackson has been called a "master of logistics" with his work in Malta, UNRRA, and Bangladesh given particular praise.
- Our Name Wasn't Written,p93, Caroline Vernon, 1992, Imagecraft, Canberra (2nd Ed), ISBN 0-646-07198-X
- London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 40818, page 3801, 29 June 1956
- London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 42604, page 1479, 20 February 1962
- It's an Honour – Companion of the Order of Australia
- Gibson in DNB
- Michael J. Walsh, 'Ward , Barbara Mary, Baroness Jackson of Lodsworth (1914–1981)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Sept 2015 accessed 14 Jan 2017
- "Robert Jackson dies". The Canberra Times. 17 January 1991. p. 4.
- Costigan, Peter (29 April 1991). "Australian legend got things done". The Canberra Times. p. 8.
- Harlan Cleveland, 'Introduction: History of an Idea 1959.’ In The Case for an International Development Authority, by Robert G. A. Jackson, edited by Harlan Cleveland, 5–18. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1959
- James Gibson, Jacko, Where Are You Now? A life of Robert Jackson: Master of humanitarian relief, the man who saved Malta (Parsons, London 2006) ISBN 0-9553968-0-8
- Robert G. A. Jackson, The Case for an International Development Authority, Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1959
- Robert G.A. Jackson, A Study of the Capacity of the United Nations Development System, 2 vols. (Geneva 1969)
- Eli Karetny and Thomas G. Weiss. ‘UNRRA’s Operational Genius and Institutional Design.’ Wartime Origins and the Future United Nations, edited by Dan Plesch and Thomas G. Weiss, 99–120. London: Routledge, 2015
- Chad J. Mitcham, ‘Australia and Development Cooperation at the United Nations: Towards Poverty Reduction.’ In Australia and the United Nations, edited by James Cotton and David Lee, 191–221. Canberra: Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade and Sydney: Longueville Books, 2013
- Chad J. Mitcham, 'Jackson, Sir Robert Gillman (1911–1991)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/jackson-sir-robert-gillman-20715/text31511, published online 2016. Retrieved 10 November 2016.
- Alan R. Raucher, Paul G. Hoffman: Architect of Foreign Aid (Kentucky 1985)
- Brian Urquhart, A Life in Peace and War (London 1987)
as Secretary of the Department of Supply and Development
| Secretary of the Department of National Development
| Secretary of the Department of National Development
Sir Harold Raggatt