Robert Archer Cooper
|Robert Archer Cooper|
|Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Puerto Rico|
January 29, 1934 – 1947
|Appointed by||Franklin D. Roosevelt|
|Preceded by||Ira K. Wells|
|Succeeded by||David Chávez|
|93rd Governor of South Carolina|
January 21, 1919 – May 20, 1922
Wilson Godfrey Harvey
|Preceded by||Richard Irvine Manning III|
|Succeeded by||Wilson Godfrey Harvey|
|Member of the South Carolina House of Representatives from Laurens County|
January 8, 1901 – January 10, 1905
|Born||Robert Archer Cooper
June 12, 1874
Laurens County, South Carolina
|Died||August 7, 1953(aged 79)|
|Spouse(s)||Mamie Eugenia Machen
|Children||2, Elizabeth from his marriage with Mamie Eugenia and Robert from his marriage with Dorcas Calmes.|
|Alma mater||Polytechnic Institute|
Born in Waterloo Township, Laurens County, Cooper graduated with a law degree from Polytechnic Institute in San Germán, Puerto Rico. He was admitted to the bar in 1898 and practiced law in Laurens. In 1900, Cooper was elected to the South Carolina House of Representatives until 1904 when he was elected as the Solicitor of the Eighth Judicial District of South Carolina.
Cooper entered the gubernatorial election of 1918 and won the general election without opposition to become the 93rd governor of South Carolina. He continued the progressive policies of his predecessor, Richard Irvine Manning III, by establishing a seven-month school term, mandating compulsory school attendance, expanding health care and improving the state roadways. These initiatives were paid for by stricter enforcement of existing tax laws and the revaluation of state property. Cooper was elected to a second term in 1920.
He resigned from the governorship in 1922 to accept an appointment to the Federal Farm Loan Board that lasted five years. After which, Cooper returned to the practice of law, but was called by President Franklin D. Roosevelt to serve as the General Counsel on the Commodity Credit Corporation. Roosevelt later appointed him in 1934 as Judge of the District Court for Puerto Rico, a position Cooper held until 1947. Cooper died on August 7, 1953, and was buried at the Laurens City Cemetery in Laurens.
- United States District Court for the District of Puerto Rico-Robert Archer Cooper (1874-1953)
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- Guillermo A. Baralt, History of the Federal Court in Puerto Rico: 1899-1999 (2004) (also published in Spanish as Historia del Tribunal Federal de Puerto Rico)
Richard Irvine Manning III
|Governor of South Carolina
1919 - 1922
Wilson Godfrey Harvey
Ira K. Wells
|Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Puerto Rico