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Rishton (Uzbek: Rishton, Tajik: Рештон, Russian: Риштан, alternative spellings Rishtan, Rishdan, Roshidon, previously called also Kyubishev by Russians) is a town (pop est 22,580) in Fergana Region, in Uzbekistan, about halfway between Kokand and Fergana. It is located at latitude 40°21'24N longitude 71°17'5E, and at an elevation of 471 meters.
Rishton / Риштан
|Elevation||471 m (1,545 ft)|
|• Total||201,200 |
Rishton is one of the most famous and oldest centers of ceramics in Uzbekistan. Legend claims that the art is over 800 years old, passed down from generation to generation. A fine quality reddish-yellow clay deposit 1-1.5 meters deep and 0.5-1.5 meters thick underlies almost the whole Rishton area. The clay can be used without refinement or addition of other types of clay from other regions. Besides clay, the potters of Rishton extracted various dyes, quartz sand, and fire clay from the surrounding the mountains.
The special "ishkor" blue glaze is manufactured by natural mineral pigments and mountain ash plants. The goods are made from red clay, which is only mined here. The secrets of their skillful mastery are passed down from generation to generation by artisans.
The history of producing ceramics here goes back to the seventh century. In the late 19th – early 20th centuries, almost all the population of Rishton were potters. Its clay is suitable for making the whole variety of ceramic goods and the repertoire of ornamental patterns in the Rishton ceramics is one of the richest. Today, over 2000 craftsmen use both traditional techniques and modern machinery to produce over 5 million items per year. The traditional design has a blue-green glaze, called “iskor”. In the 1960s, this technique had almost died out, but has now recovered, thanks to the efforts of the artisans themselves.
Main languages spoken in this area are Tajik and Uzbek.
- World Gazetteer.
- "The Rakhimov's Ceramic Studio, Tashkent, Uzbekistan". bizpages.org. Retrieved 2020-02-20.