Qala e Naw

Qala-e-Naw (Dari: قلعه نو‎) is a town in Qala e Naw District and the capital of Badghis Province, of north-west Afghanistan. Its population was estimated 9,000 in 2006, of which 80% are Tajiks, Hazaras, and Aimaq Hazara.[3] Other significant communities include Pashtuns, Balochs and Uzbeks.

Qala-e-Naw
قلعه نو
Town
Approach to Qala-e-Naw
Approach to Qala-e-Naw
Qala-e-Naw is located in Afghanistan
Qala-e-Naw
Qala-e-Naw
Location in Afghanistan
Coordinates: 34°59′12″N 63°7′45″E / 34.98667°N 63.12917°E / 34.98667; 63.12917Coordinates: 34°59′12″N 63°7′45″E / 34.98667°N 63.12917°E / 34.98667; 63.12917
CountryAfghanistan
ProvinceBadghis Province
DistrictQala e Naw District
Government
 • MayorAbdul Qadir Kamran
Elevation
967 m (3,173 ft)
Population
 (2015)
 • Town64,125 [1]
 • Urban
64,125 [2]
Time zoneUTC+4:30
ControlAfghanistan Taliban
Websitewww.naraiman.com

The city of Qala-e-naw has a population of 64,125 people (2015)[4] with 6 Police districts (nahias) and total land area of 3,752 Hectares.[5] There are 7,125 total number of dwellings in Qala-e-Naw.[6] Qala-e-naw is the provincial capital of Badghis Province.

Qala-e-Naw is a Provincial Centre located in western Afghanistan. Barren land accounts for 49% of total land area[7] and only 28% is classified as built-up.[8] Of the built-up land, 60% is residential.[9] District 4 has a large institutional and transportation land use as a result of the airport located there.[10]

It has a small airport, Qala i Naw Airport.

On 7 July 2021 the Taliban began an assault on the town[11] which culminated with defeat by Afghan forces. 69 Taliban fighters were killed, and 23 were injured.[12] The city was captured by the Taliban on 12 August 2021, around the same time as the fall of Herat, becoming the thirteenth provincial capital to be seized as part of the wider 2021 Taliban offensive.[13][14]

ClimateEdit

Qala i Naw has a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSk), with hot summers and cold winters. Precipitation is low, and mostly falls in winter.

Climate data for Qala e Naw
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 23.2
(73.8)
25.4
(77.7)
32.7
(90.9)
33.5
(92.3)
39.1
(102.4)
42.5
(108.5)
42.8
(109.0)
40.0
(104.0)
37.7
(99.9)
35.0
(95.0)
30.5
(86.9)
26.5
(79.7)
42.8
(109.0)
Average high °C (°F) 6.3
(43.3)
7.4
(45.3)
14.9
(58.8)
21.9
(71.4)
29.0
(84.2)
33.7
(92.7)
35.8
(96.4)
33.5
(92.3)
29.0
(84.2)
23.0
(73.4)
16.7
(62.1)
10.2
(50.4)
21.8
(71.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 0.1
(32.2)
2.4
(36.3)
3.6
(38.5)
15.1
(59.2)
20.8
(69.4)
25.8
(78.4)
28.2
(82.8)
25.3
(77.5)
20.5
(68.9)
14.0
(57.2)
8.6
(47.5)
3.9
(39.0)
14.0
(57.2)
Average low °C (°F) −4.0
(24.8)
−2.4
(27.7)
2.9
(37.2)
8.9
(48.0)
12.0
(53.6)
15.8
(60.4)
18.2
(64.8)
16.1
(61.0)
10.0
(50.0)
5.0
(41.0)
1.8
(35.2)
−0.8
(30.6)
7.0
(44.5)
Record low °C (°F) −27.3
(−17.1)
−26.1
(−15.0)
−10.9
(12.4)
−9.0
(15.8)
2.3
(36.1)
6.6
(43.9)
11.2
(52.2)
6.3
(43.3)
0.2
(32.4)
−7.0
(19.4)
−9.6
(14.7)
−23.4
(−10.1)
−27.3
(−17.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 63.9
(2.52)
77.0
(3.03)
97.5
(3.84)
47.3
(1.86)
12.3
(0.48)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.6
(0.02)
6.7
(0.26)
17.9
(0.70)
53.4
(2.10)
376.6
(14.81)
Average rainy days 5 7 10 9 3 0 0 0 0 2 4 5 45
Average snowy days 6 5 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 3 18
Average relative humidity (%) 78 75 75 70 53 39 37 37 43 53 60 76 58
Mean monthly sunshine hours 127.4 120.8 170.9 162.5 264.0 344.8 367.2 334.0 310.8 197.0 175.4 110.2 2,685
Source: NOAA (1970-1983) [15]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The State of Afghan Cities Report 2015". Archived from the original on 31 October 2015. Retrieved 21 October 2015.
  2. ^ "The State of Afghan Cities Report 2015". Archived from the original on 31 October 2015. Retrieved 21 October 2015.
  3. ^ World Gazetteer: Qalʿeh-ye Naw - profile of geographical entity including name variants Archived October 1, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "The State of Afghan Cities Report 2015". Archived from the original on 31 October 2015. Retrieved 21 October 2015.
  5. ^ "The State of Afghan Cities Report 2015". Archived from the original on 31 October 2015. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
  6. ^ "The State of Afghan Cities Report 2015". Archived from the original on 31 October 2015. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
  7. ^ "The State of Afghan Cities Report 2015". Archived from the original on 31 October 2015. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
  8. ^ "The State of Afghan Cities Report 2015". Archived from the original on 31 October 2015. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
  9. ^ "The State of Afghan Cities Report 2015". Archived from the original on 31 October 2015. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
  10. ^ "The State of Afghan Cities Report 2015". Archived from the original on 31 October 2015. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
  11. ^ "Taliban battle their way into western Afghan city". BBC News. 7 July 2021. Retrieved 7 July 2021.
  12. ^ "69 Taliban terrorists killed, 23 injured as Afghan forces regain control of Qala-e-Naw city - Times of India". The Times of India. 8 July 2021. Retrieved 9 July 2021.
  13. ^ https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-58184202
  14. ^ Sharif, Hussein. "Afghanistan Collapse Accelerates as 2 Vital Cities Near Fall to Taliban". Nytimes. New York Times. Retrieved 12 August 2021.
  15. ^ "Qalai naw Climate Normals 1970-1983". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved December 25, 2012.