In Euclidean geometry, a right kite is a kite (a quadrilateral whose four sides can be grouped into two pairs of equal-length sides that are adjacent to each other) that can be inscribed in a circle. That is, it is a kite with a circumcircle (i.e., a cyclic kite). Thus the right kite is a convex quadrilateral and has two opposite right angles. If there are exactly two right angles, each must be between sides of different lengths. All right kites are bicentric quadrilaterals (quadrilaterals with both a circumcircle and an incircle), since all kites have an incircle. One of the diagonals (the one that is a line of symmetry) divides the right kite into two right triangles and is also a diameter of the circumcircle.
In a tangential quadrilateral (one with an incircle), the four line segments between the center of the incircle and the points where it is tangent to the quadrilateral partition the quadrilateral into four right kites.
A kite is a right kite if and only if it has a circumcircle (by definition). This is equivalent to its being a kite with two opposite right angles.
Since a right kite can be divided into two right triangles, the following metric formulas easily follow from well known properties of right triangles. In a right kite ABCD where the opposite angles B and D are right angles, the other two angles can be calculated from
where a = AB = AD and b = BC = CD. The area of a right kite is
The diagonal AC that is a line of symmetry has the length
and, since all kites are tangential quadrilaterals, the radius of the incircle is given by
where s is the semiperimeter.
The area is given in terms of the circumradius R and the inradius r as
If we take the segments extending from the intersection of the diagonals to the vertices in clockwise order to be , , , and , then,
This is a direct result of the geometric mean theorem.
Sometimes a right kite is defined as a kite with at least one right angle. If there is only one right angle, it must be between two sides of equal length; in this case, the formulas given above do not apply.
- Michael de Villiers, Some Adventures in Euclidean Geometry, ISBN 978-0-557-10295-2, 2009, pp. 154, 206.
- De Villiers, Michael (1994), "The role and function of a hierarchical classification of quadrilaterals", For the Learning of Mathematics, 14 (1): 11–18, JSTOR 40248098
- Josefsson, Martin (2012), "Maximal Area of a Bicentric Quadrilateral" (PDF), Forum Geometricorum, 12: 237–241.
- 1728 Software Systems, Kite Calculator, accessed 8 October 2012