Riflemen's Star

Riflemen's Star (Lithuanian: Šaulių žvaigždė) is a decoration bestowed by the Minister of National Defence of the Republic of Lithuania. The star is awarded to distinguished members of the Lithuanian Riflemen's Union, other citizens of Lithuania and foreign countries for merits to the Riflemen's Union and the Republic of Lithuania. The Riflemen's star is recognised as an order.

Ribbon bar of the Riflemen's Star

HistoryEdit

The idea of an award for the members of the Lithuanian Riflemen's Union was raised in 1927, before the tenth anniversary of the Union. However, the description and the statute of the order was approved only in 1930. The star was designed by the sculptor Petras Rimša. The first stars were awarded on 24 June 1931.[1] 892 people received the award in interwar Lithuania. The bronze Riflemen's Star Medal was established in 1939 for the 20th anniversary of the Riflemen and was awarded to 2,156 people.[2][3] The order was reestablished in 1991 along with other orders, decorations, and medals of Lithuania. Initially, it was awarded on behalf of the Seimas. Since 2003, it is awarded on behalf of the Ministry of National Defence.[4]

DescriptionEdit

The Riflemen's Star measures 44 millimetres (1.7 in) in diameter. It consists of three petal-shaped rays, resembling a lily, coated in green enamel, upon a silver sun. The top middle vertical ray depicts the Cross of the Jagiellons, one of the varieties of the Cross of Lorraine found on the Coat of arms of Lithuania and used by the Riflemen's Union as its logo. Two other rays depict a rifle stock and a bell of a trumpet. A shield with the Coat of arms of Lithuania is placed in the middle of the order. The reverse has inscriptions LŠS (Lithuanian acronym for the Riflemen's Union), dates 1919 (establishment of the union), 1930 (establishment of the order), and Už nuopelnus (For Merits).[1][5]

The ribbon bar of the order is dark green with two white bands on the sides and a red band in the middle. The same ribbon is used in the flag of the Riflemen's Union.

BestowalEdit

The Riflemen's Star is bestowed by Minister of National Defence on behalf of the leader of the Riflemen's Union. The Riflemen's Star is awarded to:[6]

riflemen who, upon received a responsible role in the Riflemen Union, showed exceptional organisational talents,
riflemen privates who showed honesty, determination, and resilience,
citizens who merited the Riflemen Union or the Republic of Lithuania,
riflemen and citizens of foreign countries may be awarded the Riflemen's Star for showing significant benevolence to the Lithuanian Riflemen's Union.

Riflemen are awarded during the following national holidays:

16 February (Act of Independence of Lithuania)
24 June (Riflemen Day)
6 July (Statehood Day)
23 November (Lithuanian Military Day)

In special cases, the Riflemen's Star may be awarded on other dates. The same decoration is not awarded twice to the same person. A certificate of decoration is received with the star. People awarded with Riflemen's Star have the right to wear it on the uniform as well as civilian clothing.

Notable recipientsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Majerienė, Nijolė. "žvaigždė iš rašytojo palėpės" (in Lithuanian). Maironio lietuvių literatūros muziejus. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  2. ^ Kavaliauskas, Vilius; Širvinskas, Juozas; Jegelevičius, Sigitas (2005). Kirkilas, Gediminas (ed.). Lietuvos Šaulių sąjunga valstybės ir visuomenės tarnyboje 1919–2004 (in Lithuanian). Arx Baltica. pp. 12–13. ISBN 9955-638-17-6.
  3. ^ Astikas, Algimantas (1993). Lietuvos ordinai, medaliai ir ženkleliai 1918-1940 (in Lithuanian). Mintis. p. 79. ISBN 5417003735.
  4. ^ "Decorations". Ministry of National Defence of the Republic of Lithuania. 2016-02-05. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  5. ^ "Šaulių žvaigždė" (in Lithuanian). Ministry of National Defence of the Republic of Lithuania. 2014-05-27. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  6. ^ "Apdovanojimai" (in Lithuanian). Lithuanian Riflemen's Union. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  7. ^ Diena Media News (DMN) (2017-10-31). "Šaulių sąjunga ir A. Žmuidzinavičiaus muziejus kartu ugdys tautinę savimonę" (in Lithuanian). Kauno diena. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  8. ^ Kalnėnas, Jonas, ed. (31 March 1938). "Nauja Lietuvos vyriausybė. Ministras pirmininkas – Vl. Mironas". Trimitas (in Lithuanian). 13 (902): 308. ISSN 1392-4753.
  9. ^ a b "Apdovanotieji Šaulių žvaigžde". Trimitas (in Lithuanian). 26 (967). 30 June 1939. ISSN 1392-4753.
  10. ^ "Bernardas Brazdžionis" (in Lithuanian). Maironio lietuvių literatūros muziejus. Retrieved 24 January 2018.