Edward Charles Richard Taaffe (1898–1967), known as Richard, was an Austrian gemmologist who found the first cut and polished taaffeite in November 1945. He was the son of Count Henry Taaffe, 12th Viscount Taaffe, an Austrian landowner and Maria Magda Fuchs, his grandfather the Austrian Prime Minister Eduard Taaffe.
His father had once held hereditary titles from two different countries: he was a Count (Graf) in the Holy Roman Empire and a viscount in the Peerage of Ireland. Richard Taaffe, however, inherited neither the viscountcy, which was suspended by the British Crown in 1919 as his father had served on the Austrian side in World War I, nor the title of Count, as Austria had generally abolished titles of nobility in 1919. Richard was nonetheless almost always referred to in English-speaking countries as count.
In the years after the First World War, Richard Taaffe emigrated to independent Ireland and worked there as a gemmologist. In October 1945, he discovered the very rare mineral Taaffeite (Mg 3 Al 8 BeO 16 , also known as Magnesiotaaffeite 2N'2S ), which was later named after him: Taaffe had a large amount of old cut gems obtained from the Dublin jeweler Robert Dobbie, extracted from old jewelry. Upon close examination, Taaffe found that a spinel-derived purple stone originating from Sri Lanka had a birefringence that was absent in a spinel. Unable to explain this phenomenon, he sent the stone to B.W. Anderson in the London Chamber of Commerce's laboratory. After extensive analysis it was finally recognized that the stone was an unidentified mineral, which was confirmed in 1949 by the discovery of a second specimen.
With Richard Taaffe's death in 1967, no heirs to either title remained and both the Austrian and the Irish titles became extinct.
- "Taaffeite - Featured Stone". thegemtrader.com.
- Thomas Just. "Unbekannte Briefe des Komponisten Ralph Benatzky" [Unknown Letters of the Composer Ralph Benatzky]. www.oesta.gv.at. Österreichisches Staatsarchiv.
- B. W. Anderson, C. J.Payne, G. F. Claringbull (December 1951). "Taaffeite, a new beryllium mineral, found as a cut gemstone". Mineralogical Magazine. p. 765-772;. doi:10.1180/minmag.1951.029.215.03.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
- Rudolf Bulant (October 2010). "Taaffeit - Etwas Seltenes?" [Taaffeite - something rare?] (PDF). Gemmo News. Austrian Gemmological Society. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-12-26.
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Count Henry Taaffe
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