Richard Stokes

Richard Rapier Stokes, MC (27 January 1897 – 3 August 1957) was a British soldier and Labour politician who served briefly as Lord Privy Seal in 1951.

Richard Stokes

Richard Stokes.jpg
Minister of Materials
In office
6 July 1951 – 26 October 1951
LeaderClement Attlee
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byViscount Swinton
Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal
In office
26 April 1951 – 26 October 1951
LeaderClement Attlee
Preceded byErnest Bevin
Succeeded byThe Marquess of Salisbury
Minister of Works
In office
28 February 1950 – 26 April 1951
LeaderClement Attlee
Preceded byCharles Key
Succeeded byGeorge Brown
Member of Parliament for Ipswich
In office
16 February 1938 – 3 August 1957
Preceded byJohn Ganzoni
Succeeded byDingle Foot
Personal details
Richard Rapier Stokes

(1897-01-27)27 January 1897
Died3 August 1957(1957-08-03) (aged 60)
Cause of deathCardiac arrest
Political partyLabour
ParentsPhilip Folliot Stokes
Mary Fenwick Rapier
Alma materTrinity College, Cambridge

The second son of Philip Folliott Stokes and his wife Mary Fenwick Rapier, the only surviving child of Richard Christopher Rapier (1836-1897) of Ransomes & Rapier,[1] Richard Stokes was educated at Downside School, the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich and Trinity College, Cambridge. He served in the Royal Artillery during World War I, winning the Military Cross and bar and the Croix de Guerre. His uncle Sir Wilfred Stokes, chairman and managing director of the engineering firm Ransomes & Rapier invented the Stokes Mortar in World War I. His uncle Leonard Stokes was an architect who designed the new buildings at Downside School (built 1912, when Richard was at Downside). Richard Stokes was chairman (1939) and supporter of the School of Economic Science.[2]

On going down from Cambridge he joined his family's business, Ransomes & Rapier, and was made managing director at the age of 30. When rearmament was proposed by the National Government Stokes offered to charge the nation cost price for all his firm's rearmament work. It was rejected by the National Government and shortly afterwards he joined the Labour Party. Though he held office under Labour governments he was said to have remained a backbencher at heart.[1]

Stokes won the Ipswich seat in a 1938 by-election, which he kept in the 1945, 1950, 1951 and 1955 elections. He was known for his independence in parliament, including, with Bishop George Bell and fellow Labour Member of Parliament (MP) Alfred Salter, opposing area strategic bombing during World War II. Stokes was also a prominent critic of the inadequacy of Allied tank design. Prior to the war, he co-wrote a paper (with Andrew MacLaren and George Lansbury) analysing the economic forces menacing peace in Europe.[3] After the RAF's bombing of Dresden on the night of 13 February and the early hours of 14 February 1945, his questions in the House about the act[4] were in part responsible for the reappraisal of the Government's bombing policy in the last month of the war in Europe. He raised other issues after the war relating to Yalta and the forced repatriation of Yugoslavs, and the treatment of Dr George Chatterton-Hill in Germany.

Following the 1945 general election, Labour were returned to power. Stokes devoted much of his energy to the Friends of Ireland group, of which he was treasurer.[5] He was appointed Lord Privy Seal and the new position of Minister of Materials in April 1951, succeeding Ernest Bevin but served only a few months before Labour lost the 1951 general election. He aimed to show that the proposed armaments programme could be carried out, contrary to Aneurin Bevan and Harold Wilson (who had resigned over this and other issues).

Stokes died at home in London of a heart attack according to his death notice, although he had been in a road accident on 23 July when his car overturned during a thunderstorm on the flooded London road at Stanway near Colchester.[6]


  1. ^ a b Obituary. Mr. R. R. Stokes. The Times, Monday, Aug 05, 1957; pg. 9; Issue 53911
  2. ^ Brian Hodgkinson (2010). In Search of Truth. Shepheard-Walwyn (Publishers). ISBN 978-0-85683-276-5. External link in |title= (help) pages 10, 20
  3. ^ John Stewart (2009). Standing for Justice. Shepheard-Walwyn. ISBN 978-0-85683-194-2. External link in |title= (help) page 153
  4. ^
  5. ^ Bob Purdie, "The Friends of Ireland", in: Tom Gallagher, Contemporary Irish Studies, pp.81-94
  6. ^ The Times, London, 1957: 23 July p. 12; 5 August pp. 1,9
  • The Times House of Commons 1945. 1945.
  • The Times House of Commons 1950. 1950.
  • The Times House of Commons 1955. 1955.

External linksEdit

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir John Ganzoni
Member of Parliament for Ipswich
Succeeded by
Dingle Foot
Political offices
Preceded by
Charles Key
Minister of Works
Succeeded by
George Brown
Preceded by
Ernest Bevin
Lord Privy Seal
Succeeded by
The Marquess of Salisbury