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René Beeh (German: [ˈʁɛne be:], January 1886 − 23 January 1922) was a German draughtsman and painter from Alsace.[1] He was held in high esteem by his contemporaries and called "the coming genius" (das kommende Genie) by art historian Wilhelm Hausenstein,[2] but with his having died prematurely, he has been mostly forgotten.[3]

René Beeh
René Beeh, Portrait de l'artiste en turban.jpg
Self-portrait with a turban (around 1912)
BornJanuary 1886
Died23 January 1922(1922-01-23) (aged 35–36)
Strasbourg, France
NationalityGerman
Known forPaintings and drawings
StyleExpressionism

Contents

Life and workEdit

Beeh was taught in the Fine Arts School in Strasbourg from 1900 until 1905,[4] then in the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich (student number 2936, registered on 9 May 1905),[5] where his teachers were Peter Halm [de], Hugo von Habermann and Franz von Stuck.[3] In 1910, he travelled to French Algeria where he stayed until 1911,[6] before journeying through Italy and Provence.[7] In 1914, he published a selection of letters from Algeria along with sixty drawings, under the title M'Barka. Malerbriefe aus Algerien mit sechzig Zeichnungen.[8][9]

During the First World War, Beeh was drafted as a surveyor for the Imperial German Army on the Western Front in Belgium (on the Ypres Salient)[10][11] and Northern France.[12] Some of his War drawings were published in the Munich review Zeit-Echo.[7] After the War, Beeh, suffering from depression, is thought to have destroyed much of his own work.[3] He died from a severe case of seasonal flu at the age of 36.[13]

Beeh was a member of the Neue Münchner Secession (New Munich Secession).[3] He was also friends with several members of the Strasbourg group of painters Groupe de Mai.[14][15]

In 1914, Beeh illustrated a book celebrating the centenary of Gottfried Keller,[16] and in 1919−1920, the novel Inferno by August Strindberg.[17][18] He also illustrated a 1918[19] edition of Jeremias Gotthelf's The Black Spider,[20] and he contributed to the periodical Münchner Blätter für Dichtung und Graphik ("Munich Journal for Poetry and Graphics") alongside Paul Klee, Heinrich Campendonk and Alfred Kubin.[21]

La RévolutionEdit

The artist's most ambitious surviving work is the large painting La Révolution ("The Revolution") (oil on canvas, 120.5 cm (47.4 in) x 156.5 cm (61.6 in), painted 1918–1919), an ominous depiction of the events of November 1918 in Strasbourg using solely tints and shades of ochre and brown. The painting shows a small group of men seen from very close who are grabbing rifles and seem ready to launch an assault; but instead of rushing forward towards the viewer, they are gazing at a figure in workwear, who sits motionless with an inscrutable expression. The action seems frozen and time appears suspended in the very moment where violence is breaking out.[22]

PosterityEdit

In 2008, the Musée historique in Haguenau organised an exhibition of his works, the first in France since his premature death, 86 years before.[3][14][23] The Musée d'art moderne et contemporain of Strasbourg owns 98 works (as of 1 January 2016) by Beeh: 54 prints, 36 drawings and 8 paintings, among which two self-portraits, a portrait of the artist's father and of the artist's sister, and La Révolution.[24] The Los Angeles County Museum of Art currently owns 83 works by the artist, drawings and prints,[25] and the Museum of Modern Art currently owns 27 works, also drawings and prints.[1]

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "René Beeh German, 1886–1922". MoMA. Retrieved 16 March 2017.
  2. ^ Otterbeck, Christoph (2007). Europa verlassen: Künstlerreisen am Beginn des 20. Jahrhunderts. Cologne: Böhlau Verlag. p. 129. ISBN 978-3-412-00206-0.
  3. ^ a b c d e "RENE BEEH (German / 1886-1922)". Idbury Prints. Retrieved 16 March 2017.
  4. ^ "René Beeh". eART.de. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  5. ^ "02936 René Beeh Eintritt: 09.05.1905 Fach: Zeichnen". Matrikeldatenbank - Akademie der Bildenden Künste München. Retrieved 16 March 2017.
  6. ^ Otterbeck, Christoph (2007). Europa verlassen: Künstlerreisen am Beginn des 20. Jahrhunderts. Cologne: Böhlau Verlag. p. 121. ISBN 978-3-412-00206-0.
  7. ^ a b "Tranchée". Haute école des arts du Rhin. Retrieved 16 March 2017.
  8. ^ Otterbeck, Christoph (2007). Europa verlassen: Künstlerreisen am Beginn des 20. Jahrhunderts. Cologne: Böhlau Verlag. p. 127. ISBN 978-3-412-00206-0.
  9. ^ "M'Barka; Malerbriefe aus Algerien. Mit sechzig Zeichungen". Hathi Trust Digital Library. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  10. ^ "A l'Est du nouveau ! Archéologie de la Grande Guerre en Alsace et en Lorraine" (PDF). Musée de Strasbourg. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 August 2016. Retrieved 16 March 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  11. ^ "Dead Scottish Soldiers on the Battlefield near Ypres". National Gallery of Art. Retrieved 6 April 2017.
  12. ^ "Le Musée d'art moderne et contemporain de Strasbourg". 14−18 Mission centenaire. Retrieved 16 March 2017.
  13. ^ "BEEH René". Fédération des sociétés d'histoire et d'archéologie d'Alsace. Retrieved 16 March 2017.
  14. ^ a b "Expositions passés". Ville de Haguenau. Retrieved 19 March 2017.
  15. ^ "René Beeh. Zeichnungen, Briefe, Bilder. Einleitungen von Wilhelm Hausenstein und Hans Haug". Zentrales Verzeichnis antiquarischer Bücher. Retrieved 19 March 2017.
  16. ^ "Gottfried Keller-Bilderbuch. Zum Hundertsten Geburtstag Gottfried Kellers". MoMa. Retrieved 16 March 2017.
  17. ^ "Projet pour Inferno de Strindberg, Sackgasse vers 1919". Musée d'art moderne et contemporain de Strasbourg. Retrieved 16 March 2017.
  18. ^ "Strindberg: Inferno". LACMA. Retrieved 16 March 2017.
  19. ^ "Die schwarze Spinne: Erzählung". Google Books. Retrieved 19 March 2017.
  20. ^ "Die Schwarze Spinne / Erzählung von Jeremias Gotthelf; mit dreissig Zeichnungen von Rene Beeh". LACMA. Retrieved 19 March 2017.
  21. ^ "Münchner Blätter für Dichtung und Graphik, vol. 1, nos. 1-11/12". MoMa. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  22. ^ Les collections du musée d'art moderne et contemporain de Strasbourg. Strasbourg: Éditions des musées de la ville de Strasbourg. 2008. p. 98. ISBN 978-2-901833-82-6.
  23. ^ Haby, Florian (7 August 2008). "René Beeh réhabilité". Les Dernières Nouvelles d'Alsace. Retrieved 16 March 2017.
  24. ^ "BEEH René". Musée d'art moderne et contemporain de Strasbourg. Retrieved 16 March 2017.
  25. ^ "René Beeh". LACMA. Retrieved 16 March 2017.