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Religion in Liechtenstein

Liechtenstein religiosity (2010)[1]
No religion
Other Christians
Not stated

The religion in Liechtenstein is predominantly Catholic, with a minority of Protestants, non-adherents, and adherents of other religions.[2] Liechtenstein has a small Muslim population, composed mainly of immigrants from countries like Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, and Turkey.[3]

Liechtenstein is a small, landlocked country located in the Alpine region of Europe.[4] As of 2002, 83.9% of Liechtenstein's population is Christian. In terms of religious demographics, 76% follow Catholicism, 7% follow Protestant Christianity, 4.2% follow Islam, 0.8% follow Orthodox Christianity, and 12% are either nonreligious or adherents of other faiths.[2] In Liechtenstein, 44% of Muslims, 23% of Catholic Christians, and 24% of non-Catholic Christians regularly participate in weekly religious services.[3]

The Catholic Church, as written in the Constitution of Liechtenstein, is the official state religion of Liechtenstein. The constitution declares that the Catholic Church is "the State Church and as such shall enjoy the full protection of the State."[5] Liechtenstein offers protection to adherents of all religious beliefs, and considers the "religious interests of the people" a priority of the government.[5] In Liechtenstein schools, although exceptions are allowed, religious education in Catholicism or Protestantism is legally required.[6] Tax exemption is granted by the government to religious organizations.[6] According to the Pew Research Center, social conflict caused by religious hostilities is ranked low in Liechtenstein, and so is the amount of government restriction on the practice of religion.[7]

Before 1997, within the Catholic church, the principality was part of the Swiss Diocese of Chur. Reforms aimed at diminishing the influence of the Catholic Church on Liechtenstein's government have been supported by Prince Hans-Adam II.[8]

Religion[9] 2010 2000 1990
Catholics 75.9% 78.4% 84.9%
Protestants 8.5% 8.3% 9.2%
Christian-Orthodox Churches 1.1% 1.1% 0.7%
Other Christian Churches 0.3% 0.1% 0.2%
Muslims 5.4% 4.8% 2.4%
Other religions 0.8% 0.3% 0.2%
No religion 5.4% 2.8% 1.5%
Undeclared 2.6% 4.1% 0.9%

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Data".
  2. ^ a b Encyclopædia Britannica Almanac 2009. Encyclopædia Britannica. 25 March 2009. p. 392. ISBN 978-1-59339-839-2. Retrieved 31 July 2012.
  3. ^ a b "Liechtenstein". International Religious Freedom Report 2009. U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 6 August 2012.
  4. ^ Carl Waldman; Catherine Mason (2006). Encyclopedia of European Peoples. Infobase Publishing. pp. 486–487. ISBN 978-1-4381-2918-1. Retrieved 31 July 2012.
  5. ^ a b Jeroen Temperman (30 May 2010). State-Religion Relationships and Human Rights Law: Towards a Right to Religiously Neutral Governance. BRILL. pp. 44–45. ISBN 978-90-04-18148-9. Retrieved 31 July 2012.
  6. ^ a b Aili Piano (30 September 2009). Freedom in the World 2009: The Annual Survey of Political Rights & Civil Liberties. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 426. ISBN 978-1-4422-0122-4. Retrieved 31 July 2012.
  7. ^ "Global Restrictions on Religion" (PDF). Pew Research Center. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 January 2013.
  8. ^ Thomas M. Eccardt (30 October 2005). Secrets of the Seven Smallest States of Europe: Andorra, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, San Marino, and Vatican City. Hippocrene Books. p. 123. ISBN 978-0-7818-1032-6. Retrieved 31 July 2012.
  9. ^ Statistisches Jahrbuch Liechtensteins 2014 p. 80