"Relay" (titled "The Relay" in the United States) is a song written by Pete Townshend, the guitarist of the Who, for the band's aborted Lifehouse project. The song was also released as a moderately successful single in 1972. It was also the last non-album single by the Who until "Real Good Looking Boy", 32 years later.
|Single by the Who|
|Released||25 November 1972 (US) |
22 December 1972 (UK)
|Recorded||26 May 1972 at Olympic Studios, London|
|Length||3:42 (US) 3:49 (UK)|
|Label||MCA (US) / Track 2094-106 (UK)|
|The Who singles chronology|
"Relay" was originally written as part of the unfinished Lifehouse rock opera, however, like "Join Together", it was not written until 1972, when Pete Townshend revisited the project, at Roger Daltrey's suggestion. In 1972, the song was resurrected to be used in Rock Is Dead—Long Live Rock!, another abandoned Who album that was to be released in 1972.
"Relay" was released as a single in late 1972, backed with the Keith Moon-penned track, "Waspman". The single charted in the Top 40 in both the UK and US, reaching #21 in the United Kingdom and #39 on the Billboard Hot 100 (and #33 on Cashbox). The single was the last of three singles relating to Lifehouse (but which did not appear on Who's Next), the others being "Let's See Action" and "Join Together".
I've got to get a new act together for the Who... we've got to get something fresh.
Live and alternate versionsEdit
"Relay" was performed throughout the Who's 1972 tour, but was dropped from the setlist afterwards, and would not return until after Keith Moon's death; it was performed twice in the 1979 tour (once as an encore, once as a snippet) and frequently through the 1980 tour, before returning to the full setlist in 2000 and 2002. However, it was then dropped again until 2006, and remained in the setlist through 2009. Live performances from 2000 onwards were often performed in an extended format, frequently exceeding seven minutes.
Lyrics and musicEdit
"Relay" begins with a strong guitar line fed through the sample and hold-controlled VCF of an ARP-2600 synthesiser, which persists throughout the song. It also features an ordinary electric guitar and acoustic guitar. Intended to feature near the end of Lifehouse, "Relay" is thought to refer to the final setting up of and spreading the word about the Lifehouse concert. The fictional Relay bears strong similarities to the modern Internet, and as such in concerts in the 21st Century, Pete Townshend introduces the song as being about the Internet.
In addition to being released as a single in 1972, "Relay" has appeared on a number of albums. In order of release:
|UK Singles (The Official Charts Company)||21|
|US Billboard Hot 100||39|
|CAN (RPM Top 100)||50|
- Cady, Brian. "'Meaty Beaty Big and Bouncy' liner notes". The Hypertext Who. Archived from the original on 2011-06-06.
- Grantley, Steve; Parker, Alan. The Who by Numbers: The Story of the Who Through Their Music. Helter Skelter.
- http://www.thewholive.net/concert/showconcerts.php?GroupID=&SongID=75[dead link]
- "The Who Backing Tracks". Wbtracks.co.uk.
- "officialcharts.com". officialcharts.com. Retrieved September 14, 2021.
- Whitburn, Joel (2013). Joel Whitburn's Top Pop Singles, 14th Edition: 1955-2012. Record Research. p. 910.
- "RPM Top 100 Singles - January 27, 1973" (PDF).