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Regiment of Voltigeurs and Foot Riflemen

The Regiment of Voltigeurs and Foot Riflemen was a one-year regiment of the United States Army raised during the Mexican–American War. It was active in 1847 and 1848.

Regiment of Voltigeurs and Foot Riflemen
ActiveFebruary 11, 1847 – August 25, 1848
Country United States
Branch United States Army
TypeVoltigeurs
Riflemen
RoleSkirmishing
Light Infantry
SizeRegiment
WeaponsModel 1841 rifle
EngagementsMexican–American War
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Col. Timothy P. Andrews

Contents

BackgroundEdit

At the beginning of the Mexican American War, Congress changed its policy of attempting to prosecute the war with the Regular Army and ordered nine new regiments: eight infantry and the Regiment of Voltigeurs and Foot Riflemen.[1] The regiment was authorized on February 11, 1847 and the first officers, the colonel and the lieutenant colonel, were assigned on February 16, 1847.[2]

OrganizationEdit

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Timothy P. Andrews; His second-in-command was Lieutenant Colonel Joseph E. Johnston.[2]

The regiment was one of nine new infantry regiments authorized by the United States Congress in 1847 for one year service in the Mexican-American War.[3] The regiment was not numbered. It was to be a special unit with half of its men to be mounted, the other half were to be on foot. The intent was to have each horseman paired with a foot soldier who was to get up behind him for rapid movements.

However this arrangement was never used, the Voltigeurs became a regiment of foot riflemen, armed with the muzzle-loading Model 1841 rifle, the same rifle as was used by the Regiment of Mounted Riflemen. The Voltigeurs and Foot Riflemen regiment included a company of mountain howitzers and war rockets.[1]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Mahon, John K.; Danysh, Romana (1972). "Infantry Part 1: Regular Army" (PDF). Center of Military History. Office of the Chief of Military History. Retrieved 12 August 2016.
  2. ^ a b Heitman, Francis B. (1903). Historical register and dictionary of the United States Army : from its organization, September 29, 1789, to March 2, 1903. 1 (1 ed.). p. 143. Retrieved 17 August 2016. This is the unofficial work of a private compiler, purchased and published by direction of Congress
  3. ^ Robarts, William Hugh (1887). Mexican War Veterans. Washington, DC: Brentano's (A. S. Witherbee & Co, Proprietors). pp. 33–34. Retrieved 17 August 2016.

ExternalEdit