Regent Street Cinema

The Regent Street Cinema is a historic repertory cinema located on Regent Street, London.[2] Opened in 1848 and regarded as "the birthplace of British cinema", the cinema featured the first motion picture shown in the United Kingdom. It was closed from 1980 to 2015.

Regent Street Cinema
University of Westminster.jpg
Address309 Regent Street, London
Coordinates51°31′01″N 0°08′34″W / 51.5168359°N 0.1427218°W / 51.5168359; -0.1427218Coordinates: 51°31′01″N 0°08′34″W / 51.5168359°N 0.1427218°W / 51.5168359; -0.1427218
OwnerUniversity of Westminster
TypeRepertory cinema
Capacity187 seats[1]
Construction
Opened1848
Renovated2012–2015
Closed1980
Reopened2015
Years active1848–1980
2015–present
Website
www.regentstreetcinema.com

DescriptionEdit

Originally opened in 1848, the Regent Street Cinema is a repertory cinema located at 309 Regent Street, London and situated in the University of Westminster. The cinema contains 187 seats.[1] The cinema is known for having shown the first screening of moving footage in the United Kingdom. It was also the first in the United Kingdom to show an X-rated film.[3] The cinema is able to screen 16 mm, 35 mm, Super 8 and 4K digital formats.[4] The cinema has been described as "the birthplace of British cinema".[5]

HistoryEdit

The Regent Street Cinema was first opened in 1848 and is housed in the flagship building of the Royal Polytechnic Institution (now University of Westminster).[6][7] When it was first opened, it was used as a theatre. In late February in 1896, the cinema played a short movie by the Lumière Brothers. It was the first motion picture shown in the United Kingdom.[5] In 1951, La Vie Commence Demain (Life Begins Tomorrow), an X-rated film because of its war imagery,[a] was shown. The cinema was the first in the United Kingdom to show an X-rated film.[8]

Reopening: 1980–2015Edit

Although the cinema continued to screen films for another eighty-four years after the original Lumière Brothers footage,[9] the cinema was closed for thirty-five years; from 1980 to 2015.[10][1] Throughout most of this time, the cinema was used as a lecture theatre. In 2012, the University of Westminster began a project to restore the building.[7][9] The restoration project took three years to complete and cost £6.1 million.[8] By February 2014, £4 million was raised through an appeal, but another £2 million was needed.[11] Out of the £6.1 million, £1.5 million was awarded through a Heritage Lottery Fund grant[7] and £2m was donated by the Quintin Hogg Trust.[citation needed] Celebrities, including prior BBC Radio 4 host Sandi Toksvig and filmmaker Asif Kapadia, backed the appeal.[11] It was hoped the cinema would reopen in 2014.[7]

The Art Deco features of the building's 1920 design were restored, along with the 1936 John Compton organ and the dome-like ceiling. Upon reopening, a documentary of the managers of the English rock band The Who, titled Lambert and Stamp, was screened.[4] Shira MacLeod, the director of the Regent Street Cinema,[6] said it is the only cinema in the United Kingdom that can screen films in 16 mm, 35 mm, Super 8 and 4K, allowing the cinema to show films that "have been in archives for many years".[4]

The cinema is a Grade-II listed building.[1]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Notes

  1. ^ The movie featured atomic bombs, rabbit dissection and artificial insemination.[5][8]

Citations

  1. ^ a b c d Clark, Nick (6 May 2015). "Regent Street theatre is back in the picture 120 years after original screening". The Independent. Archived from the original on 10 September 2016. Retrieved 10 September 2016.
  2. ^ "The Duke – May 6, 2015". The Gazette. 6 May 2015. Archived from the original on 8 October 2016. Retrieved 11 September 2016 – via HighBeam Research.
  3. ^ Osbourne, Guy (2015). "The legal history of the Old Cinema: from 'disorderly house' to high-class cinematograph" (PDF). Westminster Research. University of Westminster: 38. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  4. ^ a b c Ward, Victoria (6 May 2015). "'Birthplace of British cinema' reopens 120 years after showing its first film". The Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. Archived from the original on 11 September 2016. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  5. ^ a b c Ellis-Petersen, Hannah (6 May 2015). "Remaking a classic: Regent Street Cinema to reopen doors after 35 years". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Archived from the original on 10 September 2016. Retrieved 10 September 2016.
  6. ^ a b "The University of Westminster reopens its historic Regent Street Cinema". University of Westminster. 11 May 2015. Archived from the original on 10 September 2016. Retrieved 10 September 2016.
  7. ^ a b c d "Historic Regent Street Cinema to be restored". BBC News. British Broadcasting Corporation. 15 October 2012. Archived from the original on 11 September 2016. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  8. ^ a b c Stephens, Pippa (6 May 2015). "London's Regent Street Cinema reopens". BBC News. British Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on 11 September 2016. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  9. ^ a b Mccabe, Steve (17 July 2014). "Halcyon Days of City Cinemas". The Birmingham Post. Archived from the original on 8 October 2016. Retrieved 11 September 2016 – via HighBeam Research.
  10. ^ Manners 2015, p. 123.
  11. ^ a b "London's Regent Street Cinema restoration appeal". BBC News. British Broadcasting Corporation. 21 February 2016. Archived from the original on 11 September 2016. Retrieved 11 September 2016.

Sources

External linksEdit