Reference News

Reference News (Chinese: 参考消息; pinyin: Cānkǎo Xiāoxī) is a Chinese newspaper. Founded in 1931, it is ranked 7th in the world by circulation and 1st in China.[1][2]

Reference News
PublisherXinhua News Agency
Launched7 November 1931; 89 years ago (1931-11-07)
Political alignmentChinese Communist Party
LanguageChinese, Uyghur, Kazakh, Korean, and Mongolian

Reference News was first published on 7 November 1931.[3] It is published by Xinhua News Agency (formerly Red China News Agency, 1931–1937). As the Chinese government's official news agency, Xinhua translates and re-publishes articles by foreign news agencies. Before the 1980s, it was the only official channel for the Chinese public to have a glimpse of the outside world.[4] The paper is also published in the Uyghur, Kazakh, Korean, and Mongolian languages for ethnic minority groups in China.

Reference News was at first available only to cadres and their families, but it was made available to the entire Chinese public in the face of increasing competition, and subsequently its circulation dropped from 11 million in 1980 to 4 million in 1985.[5]


  1. ^ Milosevic, Mira (2016). "World Press Trends 2016" (PDF). WAN-IFRA. p. 58. Retrieved January 15, 2018.
  2. ^ 新华通讯社 (Xinhua News Agency). People's Daily.
  3. ^ Yulya Toporochan (2013). "Main Media Players in China". AHK. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
  4. ^ Yew, Lee Kuan (2000). From Third World to First. HarperCollins Publishers Inc. p. 648. ISBN 0-06-019776-5.
  5. ^ China Society. Country Studies Program.

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