Reeves Castle

Reeves Castle is a 14th-century tower house (castle) located in County Kildare, Ireland.[2] On the Record of Monuments and Places it bears the codes KD015-001 (enclosure) and KD015-002 (tower house).[3]

Reeves Castle
Native name
Irish: Caisleán an Rú[1]
Reeves Castle is located in Ireland
Reeves Castle
Location of Reeves Castle in Ireland
TypeTower house
LocationReeves, Celbridge,
County Kildare, Ireland
Coordinates53°18′25″N 6°33′49″W / 53.306864°N 6.563530°W / 53.306864; -6.563530Coordinates: 53°18′25″N 6°33′49″W / 53.306864°N 6.563530°W / 53.306864; -6.563530
Built14th century
Architectural style(s)Norman

LocationEdit

Reeves Castle is about 1 km (0.62 mi) north of Ardclough and 4 km (2.5 mi) south-southwest of Celbridge. It is located in countryside 660 m (720 yd) south of a bend in the River Liffey. Lyons Estate is located 1.4 km (0.87 mi) to the southeast.

HistoryEdit

Reeves Castle is believed to derive its name from the Anglo-Norman rive, "riverbank," although other sources connect it to the Old Irish ruibh, "rue."[4] It was built in the 14th century as one of the tower houses whose purpose it was to defend The Pale from Gaelic Irish raiders.

In the 16th century it was part of the manor of Donaghcumper; in 1537 the manor, along with Reeves Castle was leased to Sir John Alen; the arms of the Alen family were later affixed to Reeves Castle, and they are still to be seen there, now joined to the newer building. In 1537, "le Rew, alias Rewes, and Prioriston" consisted of 1 castle, 3 messuages (dwelling houses with outbuildings), 6 cottages, and 160 acres (65 ha) of land.[5]

Reeves castle was burned during the Irish Rebellion of 1641, by order of Lord Justice John Borlase, but it was listed as "in good repair" in 1649. It is prominently marked in Alexander Taylor's 1783 map of Co Kildare. In the 18th and 19th centuries it was a property of the Earls of Leitrim.[6]

Today the castle is located on the grain farm of Michael McBennett and is not open to the public.[7]

BuildingEdit

Reeves Castle is four storeys high with a semi-circular stair tower. The original doorway was in the south wall; in the 18th or 19th century a stone farmhouse was built attached to the south wall of the old castle. An archway built onto the north wall may have provided access to a bawn.[8]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "An Rú/Reeves". Logainm.ie.
  2. ^ FitzGerald, Walter Lord (August 2, 1915). "Reeves Castle". sources.nli.ie.
  3. ^ http://www.pleanala.ie/documents/reports/234/R234571.pdf[bare URL]
  4. ^ "eDIL - Irish Language Dictionary". www.dil.ie.
  5. ^ "Journal of the County Kildare Archaeological Society". August 2, 1891 – via Internet Archive.
  6. ^ Ainsworth, William (August 2, 1863). "The Illustrated Universal Gazetteer". J. Maxwell & Company – via Google Books.
  7. ^ "Geocaching - The Official Global GPS Cache Hunt Site". www.geocaching.com.
  8. ^ "Reeves Castle, Kildare".