List of rectors of the University of Paris

This is a list of rectors of the University of Paris (the Sorbonne), a foundation of the middle of the twelfth century with a charter from 1200. The office of rector emerged in the middle of the thirteenth century. Since the rector, initially the "rector of the nations", was elected by the students and faculty, his position was very different from the appointed chancellor of the university (who was in fact the ecclesiastical chancellor of Notre Dame de Paris, whose power came to be divided also with the chancellor of the Abbey of St Genevieve). The rector became the representative of the faculty of the arts; it required another century for the recognition of the rector as representing also the other three faculties (law, medicine and theology).[1] From the middle of the fourteenth century the rector had the status of head of the university, but limited powers.[2]

The rectorship for most of its history was an elected position, of high academic prestige, and held in practice for a single term of one year. The formal position was that the term was of three months, so in some years there were several rectors elected. In the medieval and early Renaissance periods many holders of the post were from outside France. The reorganization of 1970 divided the historical university into thirteen parts. The office of rector still exists, with title Recteur de l'Académie de Paris.

13th centuryEdit

14th centuryEdit

15th centuryEdit

16th centuryEdit

17th centuryEdit

  • 1600-9 John Fraser died 15/16 April (Easter Sunday) 1609 : buried at the Church of the Franciscans, Paris, France
  • 1646-8 Godefroy Hermant[46]
  • 1694 Charles Rollin

18th centuryEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ La portion du corps enseignant qui avait eu l'initiative du mouvement d'indépendance, la « Faculté » des Arts (Artistae), se donna un « recteur » (vers 1245), comme l'avaient fait les étudiants de Bologne un siècle auparavant, mais ce ne fut qu'au milieu du XIVe siècle qu'il fut reconnu unanimement par les autres facultés comme le chef de la corporation universitaire de Paris.[1]
  2. ^ Samuel Gardner Williams, The History of Mediaeval Education (1903), p. 127.
  3. ^ Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Siger of Brabant" . Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
  4. ^ a b Hans-Walter Stork (1994). "Petrus de Alvernia". In Bautz, Traugott (ed.). Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL) (in German). Vol. 7. Herzberg: Bautz. cols. 328–330. ISBN 3-88309-048-4.; Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Peter of Auvergne" . Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company., which gives date as 1279, though.
  5. ^ ODNB, article Breton [Briton], Guillaume le (fl. 1249), Franciscan friar and theologian.
  6. ^ "Search result". Archived from the original on 17 July 2011. Retrieved 28 November 2009.
  7. ^ (in French) http://www.infobretagne.com/roche-maurice.htm
  8. ^ Gian Giuseppe Bernardi, Counterpoint (1921), p. 155.
  9. ^ Paul Delalain, Étude sur le libraire parisien du XIIIe au XVe siècle, d'après les documents publiés dans le cartulaire de l'Université de Paris (1891), p. 38.
  10. ^ Albert of Saxony, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
  11. ^ Delalain, p. 52.
  12. ^ Charles Adrien Desmaze, L'Université de Paris, 1200-1875 (1876), note p. 5.
  13. ^ Alfred Franklin, Recherches sur la bibliothèque de la Faculté de médecine de Paris (1864), note p. 88.
  14. ^ William W. Kibler, Medieval France: an encyclopedia (1995), p. 664.
  15. ^ Watt, D. E. R. (1977), A Biographical Dictionary of Scottish Graduates to A.D. 1410, Oxford: Clarendon Press, p. 197
  16. ^ Alfred Coville, Gontier et Pierre Col et l'humanisme en France au temps de Charles VI (1934), p. 94.
  17. ^ Kibler, p. 183.
  18. ^ Miranda, Salvador. "MACHET, Gérard (1380-1448)". The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. Florida International University. OCLC 53276621.
  19. ^ Alfred Franklin, Recherches sur la bibliothèque de la Faculté de médecine de Paris (1864), p. 91.
  20. ^ a b (in French) http://www.stejeannedarc.net/histoire_wallon/wallon_VI-2.php
  21. ^ Miranda, Salvador. "COURCELLES, Thomas de (1400-1469)". The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. Florida International University. OCLC 53276621.
  22. ^ "PISA". Archived from the original on 19 August 2010. Retrieved 28 November 2009.
  23. ^ (in French) http://www.stejeannedarc.net/rehabilitation/enquete_1450.php
  24. ^ a b "Famille PLUYETTE". Archived from the original on 12 November 2008. Retrieved 28 November 2009.
  25. ^ David C. Lindberg (22 April 1996). Theories of Vision from Al-kindi to Kepler. University of Chicago Press. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-226-48235-4. Retrieved 4 August 2012.
  26. ^ "La littérature savoyarde du moyen-age au début du xviiie" (in French). Archived from the original on 5 December 2008. Retrieved 19 November 2011.
  27. ^ Hans-Josef Olszewsky (1992). "Johannes de Lapide". In Bautz, Friedrich Wilhelm (ed.). Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL) (in German). Vol. 3. Herzberg: Bautz. cols. 452–457. ISBN 3-88309-035-2.
  28. ^ "Gifford Lecture Series - Lectures/Books". Archived from the original on 14 June 2011. Retrieved 28 November 2009.
  29. ^ (in French) http://www.corpusetampois.com/cle-16-1502epitaphedecantienhue.html
  30. ^ (in German) http://www.freidok.uni-freiburg.de/volltexte/4842/pdf/Heinzer_Cod_Donaueschingen.pdf
  31. ^ Peter G. Bietenholz, Thomas B. Deutscher, Contemporaries of Erasmus (2003), p. 382.
  32. ^ (in German) http://134.76.163.162/fabian?Evangelische_St._Nikolaikirche_%28Isny%29
  33. ^ (in French) http://www.lemarois.com/jlm/data/g01geoffray.html
  34. ^ Miranda, Salvador. "ALEANDRO, Girolamo (1480-1542)". The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. Florida International University. OCLC 53276621.
  35. ^ Jeanne Vielliard, Instruments d'astronomie conservés à la bibliothèque du collège de Sorbonne aux XVe et XVIe siècles. Bibliothèque de l'école des chartes, Année 1973, Volume 131 lien Numéro 131-2 pp. 592; http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/article/bec_0373-6237_1973_num_131_2_449963.
  36. ^ (in French) Scholasticon page Archived 16 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  37. ^ ODNB, Manderston [Manderstown], William (c.1485–1552), philosopher and logician. The first edition of this text is available at Wikisource: "Manderstown, William" . Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
  38. ^ a b Peter G. Bietenholz, Thomas B. Deutscher, p. 160.
  39. ^ Pendergrass, J (1997). "Lettres, poèmes et débat scolaire de Germain Maciot, étudiant parisien du XVe siècle". Archivum Latinitatis Medii Aevi. hdl:2042/17050.
  40. ^ Kenneth Hagen, Hebrews commenting from Erasmus to Bèze, 1516-1598 (1981), p. 48.
  41. ^ Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Antoine de Mouchy" . Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
  42. ^ Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Claude D'Espence" . Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
  43. ^ (in French) Scholasticon page Archived 10 September 2012 at archive.today
  44. ^ ODNB, Hamilton, John (c.1547–1610/11), Roman Catholic controversialist. The first edition of this text is available at Wikisource: "Hamilton, John (fl. 1568-1609)" . Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
  45. ^ fr:s:Page:Michaud - Biographie universelle ancienne et moderne (1843) Tome 1.djvu/584
  46. ^ (in French) http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/article/rhef_0300-9505_1933_num_19_84_2661, p. 362.
  47. ^ Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Michael Moore" . Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
  48. ^ "Moor, Michael" . Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
  49. ^ (in French) Scholasticon page Archived 12 September 2012 at archive.today
  50. ^ Samy Ben Messaoud, L'enseignement rhétorique de Gibert (PDF), p. 97 note 16.
  51. ^ (in French) http://www.corpusetampois.com/che-18-17140611louis14contregodeau.html
  52. ^ (in French) Scholasticon page Archived 16 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  53. ^ (in French) Scholasticon page Archived 16 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  54. ^ (in French) http://www.nimausensis.com/Nimes/episcopa/Episcopa.htm