Jean Tixier de Ravisi

Jean Tixier de Ravisi (c. 1470–1542) was a French Renaissance humanist scholar and professor of rhetoric. He was born in Ravisi, which is near the commune of Saint-Saulge in the central province of Nivernais.[1] His works, which are mostly on the topic of education, were widely accepted and employed by French academia. Tixier eventually adopted the Latinised name Johannes Textor Ravisius, Nivernensis.[2]

Jean Tixier de Ravisi
Bornc. 1470
Ravisi, Nivernais, France
Died3 December 1542
Resting placeChapel cemetery
College of Navarre
Other namesJohannes Textor Ravisius, Nivernensis
Alma materCollege of Navarre
Scientific career
InstitutionsCollege of Navarre

Per the epitaph on his headstone, Tixier was born in 1470, and died on 3 December 1542. According to Victor Gueneau, other scholars pretend that he died on 13 December 1524, and that his brother, Jacques, completed Jean's book l'Origine de l'imprimerie ("The Origin of Printing"). Similarly, some authors report his year of birth to be approximately 1480.[2]

Tixier studied humanities at the College of Navarre. When he graduated, he accepted a position in the college's rhetoric department; there he impressed faculty and students alike. In 1520, he accepted a position as rector of the University of Paris.[citation needed] He held the position until 1525, succeeded by William Manderstown.

More than thirty editions of his principal work, Officina, were published as he continued to expand it.[citation needed] His other writings were published posthumously.[citation needed]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Ravisius (Johannes Textor)". Mémoires et documents scolaires: Publiés par le musée pédagogique, fascicule n°3: Répertoire des ouvrages pédagogiques du XVI siécle (in French). Paris: Imprimerie nationale. 1886. p. 548. Retrieved 15 January 2014.
  2. ^ a b Gueneau, Victor Augustin. Dictionnaire biographique des personnes nées en Nivernais ou revendiquées par le Nivernais, qui, par leurs travaux, leurs services, leurs mérites, leurs vertus ou leurs crimes, ont mérité de n'être pas oubliées (in French). Nevers: Mazeron frères. pp. 159–60. OCLC 457362657. Retrieved 18 January 2014.

Further readingEdit

  • Vodoz, Jules (1898). "Jean Tixier, de Ravisi". Le théâtre latin de Ravisius Textor, 1470–1524 (in French). Winterthur: Geschwister Ziegler. OCLC 804450457. Retrieved 18 January 2014.