Raymond Hamilton

Raymond Hamilton, born as Raymond Elzie Hamilton[1] (Oklahoma, United States, May 21, 1914 - Huntsville, Texas, United States, May 10, 1935)[1] was a member of the notorious Barrow Gang during the early 1930s. By the time he was 20 years old he had accumulated a prison sentence of 362 years.[2]

Raymond Hamilton
Raymond Elzie Hamilton

(1914-05-21)May 21, 1914
DiedMay 10, 1935(1935-05-10) (aged 20)
Resting placeElmwood Memorial Park Dallas, Dallas County, Texas, United States
OccupationCrime, gangster
Known formember of the Barrow Gang
Criminal chargeMurder
PenaltyDeath penalty
Partner(s)Mary O'Dare
Katie Jenkins (a.k.a. Katie Kemper)

First yearsEdit

Raymond Hamilton was born May 21, 1914,[3] in a tent on the banks of the Deep Fork River in Oklahoma.[1] Son of John Henry Hamilton[4] -abandoned the family when he was 10 [5]- and Sara Alice Bullock.[3][6][7][8] Raymond had five brothers and sisters: Lilly Hamilton (1906-1987), Floyd Hamilton (1908-1984), Lucy Hamilton (1911–1980), Margie Hamilton (1916-1966), and Audrey Hamilton (1918-1944).[9][4]

He was raised in Dallas, Texas, where he received his minor public education. Little is known about Hamilton's childhood.[5]

The Barrow GangEdit

He met Clyde Barrow who lived in the same neighborhood when they were boys,[5] and later joined the "Barrow Gang". Hamilton was involved in the killing of Deputy Sheriff Eugene C. Moore[10] when Moore and Sheriff Charlie Maxwell became suspicious of the men at an outdoor country dance in Stringtown, Oklahoma.[11] Sheriff Maxwell also sustained six gunshot wounds in the exchange, but survived. It was Barrow's and Hamilton's first murder of a police officer.

Hamilton's presence in the group was often problematic, with Clyde Barrow and other members of the gang commonly referring to his girlfriend Mary O'Dare as "the washerwoman."[11][12] When Hamilton was imprisoned at the Eastham prison farm north of Huntsville, Texas, Bonnie and Clyde raided the farm to free him and four other prisoners on January 16, 1934.[11] One of the other escapees, Joe Palmer, mortally wounded guard M. J. Crowson[13] and caused a series of events which led to Texas Prison System chief Lee Simmons to issue a shoot to kill order against Clyde Barrow and Bonnie Parker.[11] Simmons hired ex-Texas Ranger Frank Hamer, who formed a six-man posse in order to execute this order.[12] Hamilton left the Barrow Gang after a fight about O'Dare and was recaptured on April 25, 1934. He was in prison when Clyde Barrow and Bonnie Parker were ambushed and killed by Hamer's posse on May 23, 1934.[11]


Hamilton was executed on May 10, 1935 at the Texas State Penitentiary, Huntsville, Texas, by electric chair.[14][2] Hamilton walked calmly and firmly to the chair and seated himself with the words "Well, goodbye all."[12] He was preceded to the electric chair by Joe Palmer.[11][7][15]

Raymond Hamilton never publicly admitted killing anyone, although to his brother, Floyd, he admitted that in the case of the killing of Undersheriff Eugene Moore (August 5, 1932, Stringtown, Oklahoma) he was not so sure. "Clyde and I were both shooting," Raymond told Floyd. "It could have been either one of us. Or both."[16] Raymond Hamilton was convicted of the murder of John Bucher of Hillsboro May 1, 1932, though he had nothing to do with it. The actual killer was Ted Rogers. Clyde Barrow and Johnny Russell (not to be confused with "Uncle Bud" Russell) were accomplices.[17]

His remains lie in Elmwood Memorial Park Dallas, Dallas County, Texas.[9]


  • UNDERWOOD, SID. Depression Desperado: The Chronicle of Raymond Hamilton. Eakin Press, United States, (1995). 242 pages. ISBN 9780890159668.[18]
  • BLANCHE CALDWELL BARROW and JOHN NEAL PHILLIPS. My Life with Bonnie and Clyde. USA. University of Oklahoma Press; Illustrated edición, (2005). 376 pages. ISBN 9780806137155[19]
  • ROBIN COLE-JETT. Lewisville. Arcadia Publishing Library Editions (2011) . 130 pages. ISBN 978-1531652821.[20]
  • BURROUGH, BRYAN. Public Enemies: America's Greatest Crime Wave and the Birth of the FBI, 1933-34. Reprint edición. Penguin Books; Media Tie In (2005). 624 pages. ISBN 9780143035374 [21]


  1. ^ a b c "Bonnie & Clyde Gangster Robs Lewisville Bank | City of Lewisville, TX". www.cityoflewisville.com.
  2. ^ a b Pohlen, Jerome (2006). Oddball Texas: A Guide to Some Really Strange Places. Chicago Review Press. p. 80. ISBN 1-55652-583-4. Retrieved May 4, 2009.
  3. ^ a b "Standard Certificate of Death | Raymond Hamilton".
  4. ^ a b "Identification Order No. 1231 (August 13, 1934) |Raymond Hamilton".
  5. ^ a b c Guinn, Jeff (2009). Go Down Together: The True, Untold Story of Bonnie and Clyde. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 1-4165-5706-7. pp 87-88
  6. ^ "Identification Order|Raymond Hamilton".
  7. ^ a b "Raymond Hamilton". texashideout.tripod.com.
  8. ^ "Floyd Hamilton, Public Enemy No. 1". October 27, 2016.
  9. ^ a b "Raymond Elzie Hamilton (1914-1935) - Find A Grave..." www.findagrave.com.
  10. ^ "The Officer Down Memorial Page". Archived from the original on December 12, 2009.
  11. ^ a b c d e f Barrow, Blanche Caldwell; John Neal Phillips (2005). My Life with Bonnie and Clyde. University of Oklahoma Press. pp. 35–47, 182. ISBN 0-8061-3715-0. Retrieved May 4, 2009.
  12. ^ a b c Phillips, John Neal (2002). Running with Bonnie and Clyde. University of Oklahoma Press. pp. 4, 173–174, 296. ISBN 0-8061-3429-1. Retrieved May 4, 2009.
  13. ^ "Prison Guard Major Joe Crowson". The Officer Down Memorial Page (ODMP).
  14. ^ "Pal of Barrow to go to chair". The Evening Independent. HOME Edition. 14 June 1933. Retrieved 16 November 2020.
  15. ^ http://texashideout.tripod.com/raydc.jpg Death Certificate
  16. ^ Quoted from the Floyd Hamilton interview by John Neal Phillips, July 18, 1981.
  17. ^ Quoted from multiple interviews with of Ralph Fults by John Neal Phillips in the 1980s and from an interview with Jack Hammett by John Neal Phillips, February 20, 1982.
  18. ^ Depression Desperado: The Chronicle of Raymond Hamilton. USA: Eakin Press. 1995. ISBN 9780890159668.
  19. ^ My Life with Bonnie and Clyde. USA: University of Oklahoma Press; Illustrated edición. 2005. ISBN 9780806137155.
  20. ^ Lewisville. USA: Arcadia Publishing Library Editions. 2011. ISBN 978-1531652821.
  21. ^ Enemies: America's Greatest Crime Wave and the Birth of the FBI, 1933-34. USA: Penguin Books; Media Tie In. 2005. ISBN 9780143035374.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit