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Rayleigh (UK Parliament constituency)

Rayleigh was a parliamentary constituency in Essex represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. It existed from 1997 to 2010.

Rayleigh
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Rayleigh in Essex for the 2005 general election.
Outline map
Location of Essex within England.
CountyEssex
19972010
Number of membersOne
Replaced byRayleigh and Wickford
Created fromRochford

Contents

HistoryEdit

This largely rural constituency was the tenth-safest Conservative seat in the United Kingdom and the second-safest seat in Essex.

BoundariesEdit

The District of Rochford wards of Ashingdon, Canewdon, Downhall, Grange and Rawreth, Hawkwell East, Hawkwell West, Hockley Central, Hockley East, Hockley West, Hullbridge Riverside, Hullbridge South, Lodge, Rayleigh Central, Trinity, Wheatley, and Whitehouse, and the Borough of Chelmsford wards of East and West Hanningfield, Rettendon and Runwell, South Hanningfield, South Woodham-Collingwood East, and West and South Woodham-Elmwood and Woodville.

Following their review of parliamentary representation in Essex, the Boundary Commission for England has made radical alterations to existing constituencies to allow for the number of parliamentary seats in the county to be increased to eighteen. These changes include the formation of a number of new constituencies in the southern and eastern parts of the county.

Rayleigh has been modified to form a new constituency of Rayleigh and Wickford which was first contested in 2010.

Members of ParliamentEdit

Election Member[1] Party
1997 Michael Clark Conservative
2001 Mark Francois Conservative
2010 Constituency abolished: see Rayleigh and Wickford

ElectionsEdit

Elections in the 2000sEdit

General Election 2005: Rayleigh[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Mark Francois 25,609 55.4 +5.3
Labour Julian Ware-Lane 10,883 23.6 -7.1
Liberal Democrat Sid Cumberland 7,406 16.0 +0.5
UKIP Janet Davies 2,295 5.0 +1.3
Majority 14,726 31.9 +12.5
Turnout 46,193 64.2 +3.7
Conservative hold Swing 6.2
General Election 2001: Rayleigh[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Mark Francois 21,434 50.1 +0.4
Labour Paul Clark 13,144 30.7 +1.8
Liberal Democrat Geoff Williams 6,614 15.5 −4.3
UKIP Colin Morgan 1,581 3.7
Majority 8,290 19.4 −1.4
Turnout 42,773 60.5 −13.8
Conservative hold Swing −1.4

Elections in the 1990sEdit

The 1997 election result has swings relative to the notional, not the actual, 1992 result.

General Election 1997: Rayleigh[4][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Clark 25,516 49.7 −11.4
Labour Raymond Ellis 14,832 28.9 +14.1
Liberal Democrat Sid Cumberland 10,137 19.8 −2.1
Liberal Alan Farmer 829 1.6
Majority 10,684 20.8 −18.4
Turnout 51,314 74.3
Conservative win (new seat)

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "R" (part 1)
  2. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  3. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  4. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  5. ^ C. Rallings & M. Thrasher, The Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies, p.136 (Plymouth: LGC Elections Centre, 1995)

Coordinates: 51°35′N 0°40′E / 51.59°N 0.66°E / 51.59; 0.66