Ravne na Koroškem

Ravne na Koroškem (pronounced [ˈɾaːu̯nɛ na kɔˈɾoːʃkɛm] (About this soundlisten); until 1952: Guštanj, German: Gutenstein in Kärnten) is a town in northern Slovenia. It is the seat of the Municipality of Ravne na Koroškem, and the largest town and the capital of Slovenia's Carinthia region. The town has a long tradition in the steel industry.

Ravne na Koroškem

Guštanj (until 1952)
Ravne na Koroškem
Ravne na Koroškem
Coat of arms of Ravne na Koroškem
Coat of arms
Ravne na Koroškem is located in Slovenia
Ravne na Koroškem
Ravne na Koroškem
Location in Slovenia
Coordinates: 46°32′37.45″N 14°57′51.24″E / 46.5437361°N 14.9642333°E / 46.5437361; 14.9642333Coordinates: 46°32′37.45″N 14°57′51.24″E / 46.5437361°N 14.9642333°E / 46.5437361; 14.9642333
CountryFlag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia
Traditional regionCarinthia
Statistical regionCarinthia
MunicipalityRavne na Koroškem
Area
 • Land3.049 km2 (1.177 sq mi)
Elevation
410 m (1,350 ft)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Total7,268
 • Density2,384/km2 (6,170/sq mi)

NameEdit

The name Ravne na Koroškem literally means 'Ravne in Carinthia'. The word ravne means 'flat terrain' in Slovene, and is a common place name in Slovene-inhabited territories. The name of the settlement was changed from Guštanj (from German Gutenstein) to Ravne na Koroškem in 1952 on the basis of the 1948 Law on Names of Settlements and Designations of Squares, Streets, and Buildings as part of efforts by Slovenia's postwar communist government to remove German elements from toponyms.[2][3]

HistoryEdit

Part of the Duchy of Carinthia from 976, King Henry II of Germany granted the area to the Bishops of Bamberg in 1007. The settlement was first mentioned as Gutenstain in a 1263 deed.

Ravne na Koroškem was granted town status in 1952. The history of the steel industry in the town goes back 380 years.[4]

ChurchEdit

The parish church in the settlement is dedicated to Saint Giles and belongs to the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Maribor. It is first mentioned in written documents dating to 1331. It was re-vaulted in the 17th century.[5]

CultureEdit

Ravne is also known for excellent jazz. Concerts of the Jazz Ravne cycle are held throughout the year and the Festival of Slovenian Jazz takes place each October.

In fictionEdit

One of Nostradamus's quatrains that is localized to southeast Europe has the following couplet:

"Cry sera grand par toute Escalvonie
Lors naistra monstre pres & dedans Ravenne"

which translates to

A cry will be great across Esclavonia
when will be born the monster in and near Ravenne

Mario Reading translates the third line as "throughout enslaved-Slovenia," finding no other meaning and stipulates that the town will be either the conception or birthplace of the third and last Antichrist. He interprets the first lines as indicating "bad luck will come to those countries abutting the place"—Baleni Romini and Dalmatia are the specific afflicted places mentioned—and ascribes the index date 2032 based on the original manuscript number 32. Mostly as a result of line three (the first line above) this place, the author considers Ravne na Koroškem the most likely of the three places named Ravenne in Europe that unwittingly hosts the creation of this globally inhumane person.[6]

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Naselje Ravne na Koroškem". Retrieved May 2, 2018.
  2. ^ Spremembe naselij 1948–95. 1996. Database. Ljubljana: Geografski inštitut ZRC SAZU, DZS.
  3. ^ Urbanc, Mimi & Matej Gabrovec. 2005. Krajevna imena: poligon za dokazovanje moči in odraz lokalne identitete. Geografski vestnik 77(2): 25–43.
  4. ^ Ravne na Koroškem municipal site
  5. ^ Slovenian Ministry of Culture register of national heritage reference number 3305
  6. ^ The Complete Prophesies of Nostradamus Mario Reading, 2009 (Watkins Publishing, London)

External linksEdit