Pilot Officer Rashid Minhas(Urdu: راشد منہاس‎b. 17 February 1951 – 20 August 1971) NH, was a military officer in the Pakistan Air Force (PAF). Minhas was the only PAF officer to receive the highest valour award, the Nishan-e-Haider. He was also the youngest person and the shortest-serving officer to have received this award. He is remembered for his death in 1971 in a jet trainer crash while struggling to regain the controls from a defecting pilot: Flight Lieutenant Matiur Rahman.

Rashid Minhas
Born(1951-02-17)17 February 1951
Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan
Died20 August 1971(1971-08-20) (aged 20)
Thatta District, Sindh in Pakistan
Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan
Allegiance Pakistan
Service/branch Pakistan Air Force
Years of service1969–1971
RankPak-air-force-OF-1a.svg Pilot Officer
Service numberPAK-5602[1]
UnitPAFlogocolor.png No. 2 Squadron Minhas
Battles/warsBangladesh Liberation War 
AwardsNishan Haider Ribbon.gif Nishan-e-Haider
WebsiteISPR website

In spite of having a short military career in the Pakistan Air Force, he has the unique distinction of being the youngest and yet the only air force personnel to be cited with the highest gallant award for his combat services. During the routine training mission in August 1971, P/Off. Minhas attempted to gain control of his jet trainer when his commanding officer Flight Lieutenant Matiur Rahman was trying to defect to India, and deliberately commandeer his plane that crashed near the Thatta District, Sindh in Pakistan.


Rashid Minhas was born on 17 February 1951, at Karachi to a Muslim Rajput family[2][3][4] of the Minhas clan. Rashid Minhas spent his early childhood in Karachi. Later, the family shifted to Rawalpindi. Minhas had his early education from St Mary's Cambridge School Rawalpindi. Later his family shifted back to Karachi. Minhas was fascinated with aviation history and technology. He used to collect different models of aircraft and jets. He also attended St Patrick's High School, Karachi.[5]

His father, Majeed Minhas, a civil engineer and an alumnus of the NED University in Karachi, was in a construction management business who later moved to Lahore, Punjab, for the construction project.[6] He was educated in Lahore and taking admission in British-managed St. Mary's School in Rawalpindi when his father found an employment opportunity but later permanently settled in Karachi.[6]

He passed and qualified for his Senior Cambridge examination and performed well while finishing the O-level and A-level qualifications from the St. Patrick's High School in Karachi.[5]:181[7] His father, Majeed Minhas, wanted his son, Rashid, to follow his step by attending the engineering university and strongly desired for his son to gain a degree in engineering after finishing his high schooling in Karachi.:182[7] Against the wishes of his father, Rashid entered in the PAF School in Lower Topa in 1968, the Air Force's officer candidate school, and forwarded towards completing his military training at the Pakistan Air Force Academy in 1969.:182[7]


Having joined the air force, Minhas was commissioned on 13 March 1971, in the 51st GD(P) Course.[8] He began training to become a pilot. On 20 August of that year, in the hour before noon, he was getting ready to take off in a T-33 jet trainer in Karachi, Pakistan. His second solo flight in that type of aircraft. Minhas was taxiing toward the runway when a Bengali instructor pilot, Flight Lieutenant Matiur Rahman, signalled him to stop and then climbed into the instructor's seat. The jet took off and turned toward India.

Minhas radioed PAF Base Masroor with the message that he was being hijacked. The air controller requested that he resend his message, and he confirmed the hijacking. Later investigation showed that Rahman intended to defect to India to join his compatriots in the Bangladesh Liberation War, along with the jet trainer. In the air, Minhas struggled physically to wrest control from Rahman; each man tried to overpower the other through the mechanically linked flight controls. Some 32 miles (51 km) from the Indian border, the jet crashed near Thatta. Both men were killed.[9]

Minhas was posthumously awarded Pakistan's top military honour, the Nishan-E-Haider, and became the youngest man and the only member of the Pakistan Air Force to win the award. Similarly, Rahman was honoured by Bangladesh with their highest military award, the Bir Sreshtho.[10]

Minhas's Pakistan military citation for the Nishan-E-Haider states that he "forced the aircraft to crash" in order to prevent Rahman from taking the jet to India.[9] This is the official, popular and widely known version of how Minhas died. Yawar A. Mazhar, a writer for Pakistan Military Consortium, relayed in 2004 that he spoke to retired PAF Group Captain Cecil Chaudhry about Minhas, and that he learned more details not generally known to the public. According to Mazhar, Chaudhry led the immediate task of investigating the wreckage and writing the accident report. Chaudhry told Mazhar that he found the jet had hit the ground nose first, instantly killing Minhas in the front seat. Rahman's body, however, was not in the jet and the canopy was missing. Chaudhry searched the area and saw Rahman's body some distance behind the jet, the body found with severe abrasions from hitting the sand at a low angle and a high speed. Chaudhry thought that Minhas probably jettisoned the canopy at low altitude causing Rahman to be thrown from the cockpit because he was not strapped in. Chaudhry felt that the jet was too close to the ground at that time, too far out of control for Minhas to be able to prevent the crash.[11]


After his death, Minhas was honoured as a national hero. In his memory the Pakistan Air Force base at Kamra was renamed PAF Base Minhas, often called Minhas-Kamra. In Karachi he was honoured by the naming of a main road, 'Rashid Minhas Road'[12][13] (Urdu: شاہراہ راشد منہاس‎). A two-rupee postage stamp bearing his image was issued by Pakistan Post in December 2003; 500,000 were printed.[14]

Awards and decorationsEdit

The Nishan-e-Haider which was awarded to Rashid Minhas

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ As seen in the footage:  
  2. ^ "National Hero Rashid Minhas". OnePakistan. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
  3. ^ "Rashid Minhas death anniversary". Saach Tv. Archived from the original on 25 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
  4. ^ "1971 war hero Rashid Minhas". Samaa tv. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
  5. ^ a b "Nishan-i-Haider laurelled Rashid Minhas' anniversary today". Samaa Tv. Archived from the original on 11 June 2012. Retrieved 29 January 2012.
  6. ^ a b urdubiography, urdubiography (2012). "Rashid Minhas: biography in Urdu". www.urdubiography.com (in Urdu). Retrieved 13 March 2019.
  7. ^ a b c Malik, Imran A. (2018). "Pilot Officer Rashid Minhas Shaheed". Moon Glade (PDF) (1st ed.). Rawalpindi, Punj. Pakistan: Inter-Services Public Relations. p. 247. ISBN 9789697632022. Retrieved 13 March 2019.
  8. ^ "PAF 51st GD(P) Course". defence.pk. Retrieved 6 October 2016.
  9. ^ a b "PAF Shaheeds". PAF History. Pakistan Air Force. Retrieved 31 January 2012.
  10. ^ "Remembering East Pakistan —II". The Express Tribune. 9 August 2011.
  11. ^ Mazhar, Yawar A. (1 September 2004). "Rashid Minhas Story". Military History Archive. Pakistan Military Consortium. Archived from the original on 8 September 2012. Retrieved 31 January 2012.
  12. ^ http://www.thenews.com.pk/article-157336-43rd-Shahadat-anniversay-of-Rashid-Minhas-being-observed-today
  13. ^ http://dunyanews.tv/index.php/en/Pakistan/235692-Air-Force-Day-being-observed-with-traditional-zeal
  14. ^ "Pilot Officer Rashid Minhas (Shaheed), Nishan-e-Haider". Pakistan Post. Retrieved 31 January 2012.

External linksEdit