James Ralston Kennedy Paterson

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James Ralston Kennedy "RP" Paterson, CBE, MC, MD, FRCSEd, FRCR, DMRE (Cantab) (21 May 1897 – 29 August 1981) was a radiologist and oncologist in Scotland. Along with Herbert Parker, pioneered the development of the Paterson-Parker rules for the Radium Dosage System also known as the Manchester system.

Ralston Paterson (1897-1981)

Life and TimesEdit

James Ralston Kennedy Paterson, also known as Ralston Paterson or 'RP' Paterson was born on 21 May 1897 in Edinburgh, Scotland. He attended George Heriot’s School and upon graduation served as an officer in World War I with the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders and was decorated with the Military Cross. After the War he went back to the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh and in 1923 awarded MB, ChB (Latin: Medicinae Baccalaureus, Baccalaureus Chirurgiae) with honors, in 1926 completed FRCSEd, and in 1927 granted the MD with commendation. At Edinburgh he met his wife and collaborator Edith Irvin Jones ("EP"). The couple had three children, David, Colin and Elspeth.[1][2][3][4][5]

In 1925 interest with radiology led to DMRE at Cambridge. Paterson went to the Mayo Clinic for a fellowship in radiology. He received further training in radiotherapy at clinics at the University of Chicago, in Toronto and South Africa. He returned in 1930 to the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh as acting director of the radiotherapy department.

In 1931, Paterson was appointed as radiotherapy director of the recently combined Holt Radium Institute and Christie Hospital in Manchester.[6] Edith Paterson began her research at the Holt institute without position or salary. She in time developed her own reputation as a researcher.[6]

In November 1943, Paterson and his wife were invited by the government of Australia including Queensland and Victoria to assist with the establishment of a cancer institute that would provide medical care and services to the community. The Australian government allocated £100,000 for an institute dedicated to cancer treatment and research, with treatment methodologies to focus on X-ray and Radium.[7] Paterson retired in 1962 and he and his wife devoted their efforts to the running of a cattle and sheep farm at Stenreishill, near Moffat, Scotland. He died at home in his sleep.[1][8] Edith would continue to run the farm until 1992.[6]

Professional accomplishmentsEdit

Peterson received numerous accolades and awards in his career.[9]

LegacyEdit

Select PublicationsEdit

  • Paterson, Ralston, and Herbert M. Parker. (1934). "A dosage system for gamma ray therapy." The British Journal of Radiology. 7(82): 592-632.
  • Paterson, Ralston, and Herbert M. Parker. (1938). "A dosage system for interstitial radium therapy." The British Journal of Radiology. 11(124): 252-266.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Lewis, Nancy R. (26 September 1981). J. Ralston Paterson. British Medical Journal. 283(6295):869.
  2. ^ Meredith, W. J. (1981). Ralston Paterson. The British Journal of Radiology, 54(648): 1122-1123.
  3. ^ Editors. (January 1982). Obituary - James Ralston Kennedy Paterson. Clinical Radiology. 33(1):119-120.
  4. ^ Del Regato, Juan A. (July 1987). Ralston Paterson. International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics, 13(7): 1081-1091.
  5. ^ Tranter, F.W. (August 1988). On history and Heritage: Ralston Paterson. International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics, 15(2): 513-514.
  6. ^ a b c Burrows, E. H. (2004). "Paterson, (James) Ralston Kennedy (1897–1981), radiotherapist". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/57112. Retrieved 31 July 2020. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  7. ^ McKell, W.J. (18 January 1944). Special Cancer Institute. Cessnock Eagle and Sough Maitland Recorder. Sydney, Australia. 32(1405): 1.
  8. ^ Del Regato, Juan A. (1993).Radiological Oncologists: The Unfolding of a Medical Specialty. American College of Radiology.
  9. ^ Elwood, Willis J. (1 January 1984). Some Manchester Doctors: A Biographical Collection to Mark the 150th Anniversary of the Manchester Medical Society. Manchester University Press. 228 pages.
  10. ^ Paterson-Parker dosage system. (2009). Mosby's Medical Dictionary, 8th edition. (2009). Retrieved 23 May 2015 from http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Paterson-Parker+dosage+system
  11. ^ Paterson, Ralston, and Herbert M. Parker. (1934). "A dosage system for gamma ray therapy." The British Journal of Radiology. 7(82): 592-632.
  12. ^ Paterson, Ralston, and Herbert M. Parker. (1938). "A dosage system for interstitial radium therapy." The British Journal of Radiology. 11(124): 252-266.