The site (on the left) where the hospital used to be
|Location||Rainhill, Merseyside, England|
|Lists||Hospitals in England|
The facility was designed by Harvey Lonsdale Elmes and opened as the Third Lancashire County Lunatic Asylum on 1 January 1851. Additional wings designed by Henry Horner were completed in 1860. It became the County Lunatic Asylum, Rainhill in 1861.
In 1877 a new annexe was designed by George Enoch Grayson and Edward Ould and constructed to the north-west of Rainhill Road. The annexe would later become known as the Avon Division. The Avon Division was designed to facilitate the accommodation of long-term, chronically mentally ill patients who were breaching capacity on what became known as the Sherdley Division which was subsequently mainly used for acute cases. The Avon Division was noted for its distinctive water towers and linear design. Some new buildings designed in a Tudor Revival style were added to the Avon Division in around 1900.
The hospital was the location of the Great Porridge Strike on 6 April 1913 when the staff, members of the National Asylum Workers' Union, went on strike in protest when meat was replaced by oatmeal porridge. The facility became the County Mental Hospital, Rainhill in 1923 and at the peak of its activity, in the 1930s, there were approximately 3,000 inpatients resident at the hospital.
The hospital joined the National Health Service as Rainhill Mental Hospital in 1948. Following the introduction of Care in the Community in the early 1980s, services transferred to Aintree Hospital and Whiston Hospital; the Avon Division closed in 1987 and the Sherdley Division closed in June 1992. The Scott Clinic, a medium secure facility, moved to new facilities on the Sherdley Division site.
The site was initially acquired by Pilkington Glass for development of a new headquarters but instead Pilkington decided to sell of the site for residential use. The site has been developed and is now known as Reeve Court.
- Scott Clinic, a medium secure psychiatric unit and the only mental health facility to remain on the former Rainhill Hospital site
- Care in the Community, 1980's British government policy of deinstitutionalisation
- Lancaster Moor Hospital, the first Lancashire County Asylum
- Prestwich Hospital, the second Lancashire County Asylum
- Whittingham Hospital, the fourth Lancashire County Asylum
- Knowsley Resource and Recovery Centre, Whiston Hospital, a low secure psychiatric unit that was established following the closure of the Sherdley Division at Rainhill. The recovery centre was opened in 1990 as the Sherdley Unit, its namesake being an homage to its predecessor.
- The Windsor Clinic, Aintree Hospital, an acute alcohol detoxification unit that was transferred to Aintree following the closure of Rainhill Hospital.
- "Rainham". County Hospitals. Retrieved 14 October 2018.
- "Details: Rainhill Hospital, Prescot". National Archives. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
- "The South London Women's Hospital Occupation 1984-85". Past tense. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
- "Pilks to sell off Rainhill site". Lancashire Telegraph. 20 June 1996. Retrieved 14 October 2018.
- "Concerns over retirement village sinking funds highlighted in new report". St Helens Star. 27 April 2018. Retrieved 14 October 2018.