Radio quiet zone
A radio quiet zone is an area where radio transmissions are restricted in order to protect a radio telescope or a communications station from radio frequency interference. The Radio Regulations of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) define interference as being detrimental to radio astronomy if it increases measurement uncertainty by 10%. In particular, the applicable regulation is known as ITU-R Recommendation RA.769, "Protection criteria used for radio astronomical measurements". Equipment that can cause interference includes mobile phones, television transmitters, and CB radios, as well as other electrical equipment.
Quiet zones are located in areas that are sparsely populated, and may be enforced by government legislation. A radio quiet zone is often divided into two zones: an exclusion zone where all radio emissions are prohibited, and a larger coordination zone of up to 100 km2 where the power levels of radio transmissions are suitably limited so as not to interfere with the radio telescope.
Formal radio quiet zones exist around many observatories, including the Murchison Radio-astronomy Observatory in Australia, the National Radio Astronomy Observatory and the Sugar Grove Station in West Virginia, United States (the United States National Radio Quiet Zone), and the Itapetinga Radio Observatory in Brazil, as examples. The ITU has recommended designating two locations in space as radio quiet zones: the shielded zone on the Moon's far side, and the Sun-Earth Lagrangian point L2.
- "Radio quiet in the Mid West". www.ska.gov.au. Australian Government, Department of Innovation, Industry, Science and. Retrieved 13 April 2017.
- "National Radio Quiet Zone — Science Website". science.nrao.edu. Retrieved 13 April 2017.
- van Driel, W. (June 2011), "Radio quiet, please! - protecting radio astronomy from interference", The Role of Astronomy in Society and Culture, Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union, IAU Symposium, Volume 260, p. 457-464, International Astronomical Union, arXiv:0906.2268, Bibcode:2011IAUS..260..457V, doi:10.1017/S1743921311002675, S2CID 118632363.
- Umar, Roslan; Abidin, Zamri Zainal; Ibrahim, Zainol Abidin (8 May 2013). "The importance of Radio Quiet Zone (RQZ) for radio astronomy". AIP Conference Proceedings. 1528 (1): 32–37. Bibcode:2013AIPC.1528...32U. doi:10.1063/1.4803564. ISSN 0094-243X.
- "Radiobservatório do Itapetinga - ROI/INPE". www.cea.inpe.br. Retrieved 9 October 2017.
- Cohen, J.; et al. (April 2003), "Radio Quiet Zones", in Schwarz, H. E. (ed.), Light Pollution: The Global View, Astrophysics and Space Science Library, 284, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, p. 225, Bibcode:2003ASSL..284..225C, doi:10.1007/978-94-017-0125-9_21.