The RENFE Class 730 or S-730[4] (Spanish: Serie 730 de Renfe, manufacturer's designation Talgo 250) is a high-speed dual-gauge, dual-voltage and hybrid (electric and diesel) trainset consisting of 11 Talgo VII tilting coaches and two power cars, used on Alvia services.[5][6] The class have been nicknamed patitos (ducklings/little ducks), due to the shape of the train nose.[7] They are an upgraded version of RENFE Class 130, in order to extend high-quality services to parts of Spain not on the electrified network, so these hybrid trains can run with both electric and diesel power.

RENFE Class 730
Talgo 250
730 Renfe - Aranjuez - Andres Gomez-Club Ferroviario 241.jpg
A Class 730 near Aranjuez, Madrid
In serviceYes
ManufacturerTalgo[1] / Bombardier (Kassel)[2]
Entered service2012
Number built15
Capacity11 coach set:
299 seats, 236 standard, 62 first, 1 special[1]
Train length183 m (600 ft 4.7 in)[1]
Car length20 m (65 ft 7.4 in) (power car)[1]
13.14 m (43 ft 1.3 in) (passenger car)[3]
Width2.96 m (9 ft 8.54 in) (power car)[1]
Height4 m (13 ft 1.48 in) (power car)[1]
Maximum speed250 km/h (160 mph)
Axle loadmax. axle load 18 t (17.7 long tons; 19.8 short tons)[1]
Traction systemElectro-diesel (dual-mode)
Prime mover(s)2x MTU 12V 4000 R43L (S730)
Power output2,400 kW (3,200 hp) @ 25 kV AC
2,000 kW (2,700 hp) @ 3 kV DC
(per power unit)[1]
1.8 MW (2,400 hp) per power car in diesel mode (S730)
Electric system(s)25 kV 50 Hz AC / 3 kV DC[1]Catenary
Current collection methodPantograph (2 per power car)
high voltage roof mounted electrical bus between power cars.[citation needed]
UIC classificationBo'Bo' 2,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,2 Bo'Bo'
(11 car set)
BogiesBoBo (power car)[1]
Articulated independent wheel 'single axle' in passenger cars[1]
Braking system(s)2 disc brakes per axle
regenerative and rheostatic brakes in power cars[1]
pneumatic discs in passenger cars[1]
Multiple workingYes
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) / 1,668 mm (5 ft 5 2132 in)[1]

Background and designEdit

The trainsets are designed for high-speed services on conventional Iberian gauge (1,668 mm (5 ft 5 2132 in)) network and standard-gauge high-speed (1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)) lines; they can change gauge at low speed without stopping using Talgo's RD variable gauge system.[8] The carriages are constructed from aluminium and incorporate the Talgo Pendular passive pendulum tilting system,[9] are sealed against pressure differences for tunnel travel,[1] and have underframe air conditioning, individual audio systems and video displays, rotating and reclining seats and power outlets.[3]

Capacity in standard class is 36 seated, in first class 26 seats, end coaches have lower capacity, one coach is typically used for restaurant/sales services.[1]

The power cars use AC traction motors controlled by IGBT inverters which include integrated auxiliary inverters. Signalling systems can include ETCS Level 2, LZB, ASFA and Ebicab900TBS.[10]

2013 Santiago de Compostela accidentEdit

On 24 July 2013 a RENFE class S730[11] running as the Alvia 4155 service from Madrid to Ferrol derailed and crashed near Santiago de Compostela in north-western Spain, killing 78, out of 218 passengers on board. The cause of the accident is not yet officially determined, but the train was alleged to be traveling over twice the posted speed limit while entering a curve, due to the absence of ERTMS.[12]


Proposed Poland-Lithuania high-speed rail will be use Talgo 250 Dual that is designed for running on 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 2732 in) and 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) lines.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Talgo 250 Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Bombardier Transportation in Germany Page 14,
  3. ^ a b High speed trainsets - subsection Passenger Car Features Archived 2010-03-28 at the Wayback Machine Talgo Series VII Passenger Coaches
  4. ^ From Serie 730 de Renfe
  5. ^ Trayectos y Servicios - clase preferente
  6. ^ Trayectos y Servicios - clase turista
  7. ^ "Los nuevos Alvia no convencen", (in Spanish), 11 February 2011[permanent dead link]
  8. ^ “Talgo RD” Variable Gauge System: A solution to eliminate barriers in the transport of goods and passengers between East and West[permanent dead link] Rail Tech Russis, inter-nation conference, June 2007,
  9. ^ The Talgo Pendular Coaches Archived 2011-07-16 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ The Talgo Pendular Coaches Archived 2011-07-16 at the Wayback Machine POWER HEAD TALGO 250, Page 7,
  11. ^[permanent dead link]
  12. ^ Rodrigo Silva; Antonio Alonso (25 July 2013). "Accidente ferroviario en Santiago de Compostela". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 25 July 2013.

Other sourcesEdit

External linksEdit