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The following is a list of high-speed trains, limited to conventional wheeled trains, that have been, are, or will be in commercial service.

A high-speed train is generally defined as one which operates at speeds of over or at 125 mph (201 km/h), with a high level of service, and generally comprising multi-powered elements. The names of each high-speed rail service often able to reach 200 km/h, such as French Corail, European IC trains or Amtrak's Northeast Regional, unconventional trains, such as maglev and Transrapid, and prototypes are excluded.

In these tables, two maximum speeds are given: the column "Operated" refers to the maximum speed reached by the train in commercial operations, while the column "Design" refers to the theoretical maximum speed in commercial operations as announced by the manufacturer. In some cases, a third "Record" speed is also listed.

High-speed trains currently or soon in serviceEdit

Name Operators Family Manufacturer Power supply Maximum speed (km/h) In
Service
Picture
Operated Designed Record
Acela Express   Amtrak TGV derived Alstom
Bombardier
25 kV 60 Hz AC,
12 kV 60 Hz AC,
12 kV 25 Hz AC
240 320 280 2000 - 2022  
AGV 575   NTV AGV Alstom 25 kV AC
3 kV DC
300 360 2012  
Avelia Liberty   Amtrak TGV & New Pendolino derived Alstom 25 kV 60 Hz AC,
12 kV 60 Hz AC,
12 kV 25 Hz AC
350[1] 2021
Avelia Horizon   SNCF TGV & New Pendolino derived Alstom 25 kV 50 Hz AC

1.5 kV DC

350[2] 2023
Afrosiyob   Uzbekistan Railways Talgo 250 Talgo 25 kV AC 250 250 255 2011  
Alfa Pendular   CP Pendolino Fiat Ferroviaria
Siemens
Sorefame
25 kV AC 220[3] 220 236.6 1999[3]  
Alvia Class 120, 121
(variable gauge)
  RENFE CAF
Alstom
25 kV 50 Hz AC
3 kV DC
250 250 2004  
Alvia Class 130, 730
(variable gauge)
Talgo 250 Talgo
Bombardier
25 kV 50 Hz AC
3 kV DC
Diesel [N 1]
250 250 2007  
Avant Class 104 Pendolino Alstom
CAF
25 kV 50 Hz AC 250 250 2003  
Avant Class 114 New Pendolino Alstom
CAF
25 kV 50 Hz AC 250 250 2009  
AVE Class 100 TGV Alstom
CAF
25 kV 50 Hz AC
3 kV DC
300 300 357 1992  
AVE Class 102, 112 Talgo 350 Talgo
Bombardier
25 kV 50 Hz AC 300 350 365 2005  
AVE Class 103 Velaro Siemens 25 kV 50 Hz AC 310 350 403.7[4] 2006  
AVE Class 105 Oaris CAF 25 kV 50 Hz AC
15 kV 16.7 Hz AC
3 kV DC
1.5 kV DC
350 2018[5]  
BR Class 43
(InterCity 125)
  Abellio ScotRail
  CrossCountry
  East Midlands Railway
  Great Western Railway
  Hull Trains
  Network Rail
  London North Eastern Railway
HST British Rail Engineering Limited Diesel 200 200 238 1976  
BR Class 91
(InterCity 225)
  London North Eastern Railway APT British Rail Engineering Limited
Alstom
25 kV 50 Hz AC 200 225 262 1988  
BR Class 180   Grand Central
  Hull Trains
Coradia Alstom Diesel 200 200 2002  
BR Class 220   CrossCountry Voyager Bombardier Diesel 200 200 2001  
BR Class 221   CrossCountry
  Virgin Trains West Coast
Bombardier Diesel 200 200 2002  
BR Class 222   East Midlands Railway Bombardier Diesel 200 200 2004  
BR Class 390   Virgin Trains Pendolino Alstom 25 kV 50 Hz AC 200 225 248 2002  
BR Class 395   Southeastern A-train Hitachi 25 kV 50 Hz AC

750 V DC (3rd rail)

225 225 252[6] 2009  
BR Class 397   TransPennine Express Civity UK CAF 25 kV 50 Hz AC 200 200 2019  
BR Class 800   Great Western Railway
  London North Eastern Railway
A-train Hitachi 25 kV 50 Hz AC
Diesel
200 225 2017  
BR Class 801   London North Eastern Railway Hitachi 25 kV 50 Hz AC 200 225 2019  
BR Class 802   Great Western Railway
  Hull Trains
  TransPennine Express
Hitachi 25 kV 50 Hz AC
Diesel
200 225 2018  
CR300AF   China Railway CRRC Sifang
BST
25 kV 50 Hz AC 250 300 2019
CR300BF   China Railway CRRC Changchun 25 kV 50 Hz AC 250 300 2019  
CR400AF   China Railway CRRC Sifang
BST
25 kV 50 Hz AC 350[7] 400 420 2017  
CR400BF   China Railway CRRC Tangshan
CRRC Changchun
25 kV 50 Hz AC 350[8] 400 420 2017  
CRH1A & CRH1B   China Railway Regina Bombardier
CSR Sifang
25 kV 50 Hz AC 250 250 278 2007  
CRH1E   China Railway Zefiro Bombardier
CSR Sifang
25 kV 50 Hz AC 250 250 2009  
CRH1A-A
CRH1E-250
  China Railway Zefiro CSR Sifang 25 kV 50 Hz AC 250 250 2016  
CRH2A
CRH2B
CRH2E
  China Railway Shinkansen Kawasaki
CSR Sifang
25 kV 50 Hz AC 250 250 2007  
CRH2E (New Batch, sleeper)   China Railway CSR Sifang 25 kV 50 Hz AC 250 250 2017  
CRH2C   China Railway CSR Sifang 25 kV 50 Hz AC 300 350 350 2008  
CRH3A   China Railway CNR Tangshan
CNR Changchun
25 kV 50 Hz AC 250 250 2017  
CRH3C   China Railway Velaro Siemens
CNR Tangshan
CNR Changchun
25 kV 50 Hz AC 300 350 394.2 2008  
CRH3X   China Railway Velaro CRRC Tangshan 25 kV 50 Hz AC 160;250;350 350 2019
CRH5A   China Railway New Pendolino Alstom
CNR Changchun
25 kV 50 Hz AC 250 250 2007  
CRH5G   China Railway CNR Changchun 25 kV 50 Hz AC 250 250 2017  
CRH6A   China Railway CSR Sifang 25 kV 50 Hz AC 200 220 2014  
CRH380A & AL   China Railway CSR Sifang
25 kV 50 Hz AC 300 380 486.1 2010  
CRH380B, BL & CL   China Railway Velaro Siemens
CNR Tangshan
CNR Changchun
25 kV 50 Hz AC 300 380 487.3 2011  
CRH380D & DL   China Railway Zefiro Bombardier
CSR Sifang
25 kV 50 Hz AC 300 380 483 2012  
EC250   SBB Stadler Rail 25 kV 50 Hz AC

15 kV 16⅔Hz AC 3 kV DC

250 2019  
ED250   PKP Intercity New Pendolino Alstom 3 kV DC 200 250 293[9] 2014  
ETR 460   Trenitalia Pendolino Fiat Ferroviaria 3 kV DC 250 250 1994  
ETR 470   Trenitalia Fiat Ferroviaria 15 kV 16⅔Hz AC

3 kV DC

200 200 1997  
ETR 480 / ETR 485   Trenitalia Fiat Ferroviaria 3 kV DC, 25 kV 50 Hz AC 250 250 1997  
ETR 500 (2nd gen)   Trenitalia Alstom
Bombardier
AnsaldoBreda
25 kV 50 Hz AC

3 kV DC

1.5 kV DC (500F)

300 300 362[10] 2000  
ETR 600   Trenitalia New Pendolino Alstom 25 kV 50 Hz AC
3 kV DC
250 250 2008  
ETR 610   Trenitalia Alstom 25 kV 50 Hz AC
15 kV 16⅔Hz AC

3 kV DC

250 250 2008  
ETR 675   NTV Alstom 25 kV 50 Hz AC
3 kV DC
250 250 2017  
ETR 1000   Trenitalia Zefiro Bombardier
AnsaldoBreda
25 kV 50 Hz
3 kV DC
1.5 kV DC
300 360 393.8[11] 2015  
Eurostar e300     Eurostar TGV Alstom 25 kV 50 Hz AC
3 kV DC
1.5 kV DC
750 V DC (3rd rail)
300 300 334.7 1993  
Eurostar e320      Eurostar Velaro Siemens 25 kV 50 Hz AC

15 kV 16.7 Hz AC
3 kV DC
1.5 kV DC

320 320 352 2015  
HHP-8   MARC TGV derived Alstom-Bombardier Transportation 12 kV 25 Hz AC

12.5 kV 60 Hz AC 25 kV 60 Hz AC

200 217 1998  
Talgo 350 SRO   SRO Talgo 350 Talgo
Bombardier
25 kV 50 Hz AC 300 350 2018[12]  
Intercity New Generation   NS Coradia Alstom 25 kV 50 Hz AC

1.5 kV DC

200[13] 200[13] 2020[13]  
IC4   DSB AnsaldoBreda Diesel 180 200 2007  
ICE 1   DB ICE Siemens,
ABB, AEG,
Krauss-Maffei, Krupp,
Thyssen-Henschel
15 kV 16.7 Hz AC 280 280 310 1991  
ICE 2   DB Siemens
Adtranz
15 kV 16.7 Hz AC 280 280 316 1996  
ICE 3 Class 403, 406   DB
  NS
Velaro Siemens
Bombardier
15 kV 16.7 Hz AC
1.5 kV DC [N 2]
3 kV DC [N 2]
25 kV 50 Hz AC [N 3]
320 330 368 2000  
ICE 3 Class 407   DB Velaro Siemens 25 kV 50 Hz AC

15 kV 16.7 Hz AC
3 kV DC

320 320 2013  
ICE T   DB
  ÖBB
Pendolino Siemens
Düwag
Fiat Ferroviaria
15 kV  16.7 Hz AC 230 230 255 2005  
ICE 4   DB ICE Siemens
Bombardier
15 kV 16.7 Hz AC 250 250 2017  
KTX-I   Korail TGV Alstom
Hyundai Rotem
25 kV 60 Hz AC 305 330 2004  
KTX-Sancheon   Korail HSR-350X-derived Hyundai Rotem 25 kV 60 Hz AC 305 330 2010  
SRT   SR HSR-350X-derived Hyundai Rotem 25 kV 60 Hz AC 305 330 2016  
GMB Class 71   Flytoget X 2000-derived (partly) Adtranz
Strømmens
15 kV  16.7 Hz AC 210 210 1998  
NSB Class 73   NSB Adtranz
Strømmens
15 kV  16.7 Hz AC 210 210 1999  
NSB Class 74/75   NSB FLIRT Stadler Rail 15 kV  16.7 Hz AC 200[14] 200 2012  
Flytoget Class 78   Flytoget Oaris CAF 15 kV 16.7 Hz AC 210 250 2018[15]
RABDe 500   SBB ICN Alstom
Bombardier
15 kV 16.7 Hz AC 200 200 2000  
RABe 502   SBB TWINDEXX Bombardier 15 kV 16.7 Hz AC 200[16] 200 2018  
RABe 503   SBB New Pendolino Alstom 25 kV 50 Hz AC

15 kV 16⅔Hz AC

3 kV DC

250 250 2008  
Railjet   ÖBB
  ČD
Taurus Siemens 25 kV 50 Hz AC

15 kV 16.7 Hz AC

230 230 275[17] 2008  
Regio 2N (Z 56500)   SNCF OMNEO Bombardier 25 kV 50 Hz AC
1.5 kV DC
200 200 2017  
SAR Push-Pull Train   SAR CAF Diesel 200 200 2017  
500 Series Shinkansen   JR West Shinkansen Hitachi
Kawasaki
Kinki Sharyo
Nippon Sharyo
25 kV 60 Hz AC 300 320 1997  
700 Series Shinkansen   JR Central
  JR West
Hitachi
Kawasaki
Kinki Sharyo
Nippon Sharyo
25 kV 60 Hz AC 285 285 1999  
N700 Series Shinkansen   JR Central
  JR Kyushu
  JR West
Hitachi
Kawasaki
Kinki Sharyo
Nippon Sharyo
25 kV 60 Hz AC 300 300 332[18] 2007  
800 Series Shinkansen   JR Kyushu Hitachi 25 kV 60 Hz AC 260 285 2004  
E2 Series Shinkansen   JR East Hitachi
Kawasaki
Nippon Sharyo
Tokyu Car
25 kV 50/60 Hz AC 275 275 362 1997  
E3 Series Shinkansen   JR East Kawasaki
Tokyu Car
20/25 kV 50 Hz AC 275[19] 275 1997  
E4 Series Shinkansen   JR East Hitachi
Kawasaki
25 kV 50 Hz AC 240 240 1997  
E5 Series Shinkansen   JR East Hitachi
Kawasaki
25 kV 50 Hz AC 320[19] 320 2011  
H5 Series Shinkansen   JR Hokkaido Hitachi
Kawasaki
25 kV 50 Hz AC 320 320 2016  
E6 Series Shinkansen   JR East Hitachi
Kawasaki
20/25 kV 50 Hz AC 320[20] 320 2013  
E7 Series Shinkansen   JR East Hitachi
Kawasaki
J-TREC
25 kV 50/60 Hz AC 260[21] 275[21] 2014  
W7 Series Shinkansen   JR West Hitachi
Kawasaki
Kinki Sharyo
25 kV 50/60 Hz AC 260[21] 275[21] 2015  
SCB-40   Virgin Trains USA Charger Siemens Diesel 127 201 201 2018  
Sm3   VR Group Pendolino FIAT Ferroviaria
Rautaruukki
Transtech
25 kV 50 Hz 220 220 242 1995  
Sm6    Karelian Trains Alstom 25 kV 50 Hz AC
3 kV DC
220 220 2010  
TCDD HT65000   TCDD Alvia Class 120/121 derived CAF 25 kV 50 Hz AC 250 250 2009  
E5 Series Shinkansen   Indian Railways Shinkansen Hitachi
Kawasaki
25 kV 50 Hz AC 320[19] 360 2021
N700I Series Shinkansen   Texas Central Railway Shinkansen Hitachi
Kawasaki
Kinki Sharyo
25 kV 50 Hz AC 330 330 2024-2025
TCDD HT80000   TCDD Velaro Siemens 25 kV 50 Hz AC 250 300 2015  
TGV Sud-Est   SNCF TGV Alstom 25 kV 50 Hz AC
1.5 kV DC
15 kV 16.7 Hz [N 4]
300 300 380 1981  
TGV Atlantique   SNCF Alstom 25 kV 50 Hz AC
1.5 kV DC
300 300 515.3 1989  
TGV Réseau   SNCF Alstom 25 kV 50 Hz AC
1.5 kV DC
3 kV DC
320 320 1993  
TGV Duplex   SNCF Alstom 25 kV 50 Hz AC
1.5 kV DC
320 320 1995  
TGV POS   SNCF Alstom 25 kV 50 Hz AC
15 kV 16.7 Hz AC

1.5 kV DC

320 320 574.8 2006  
TGV Euroduplex   SNCF
  ONCF
Alstom 25 kV 50 Hz AC
15 kV  16.7 Hz AC
3 kV DC
1.5 kV DC
320 320 2011  
TGV Océane   SNCF Alstom 25 kV 50 Hz AC
1.5 kV DC
320 320 2017  
Thalys PBA     Thalys Alstom 25 kV 50 Hz AC
1.5 kV DC
3 kV DC
320 320 1996  
Thalys PBKA      Thalys Alstom 25 kV 50 Hz AC
15 kV  16.7 Hz AC
3 kV DC
1.5 kV DC
300 320 1997  
THSR 700T   THSR Shinkansen Hitachi
Kawasaki
Nippon Sharyo
25 kV 60 Hz AC 300 300 2007  
Velaro RUS   RZD Velaro Siemens 25 kV 50 Hz AC

3 kV DC

250 350 290 2009  
X2   SJ X 2000 Adtranz
ABB
25 kV 50 Hz AC
15 kV  16.7 Hz AC
200 210 276 1989  
X3   Arlanda Express Coradia Alstom 15 kV  16.7 Hz AC 200 205 1998  
X40   SJ Alstom 15 kV  16.7 Hz AC 200 200 2006  
X50 - 55   SJ
  Tågkompaniet
  Västtrafik
  Veolia Transport
  Upplands Lokaltrafik
Regina Bombardier 15 kV  16.7 Hz AC 200 200 303 2000  
Z-TER   SNCF Alstom
Bombardier
25 kV 50 Hz AC,
1.5 kV DC
200 200 2003  

High-speed trains no longer in serviceEdit

Name Operators Family Manufacturer Maximum speed (km/h) In
Service
Picture
Operated Designed Record
BR Class 370   InterCity APT British Rail Engineering Limited 200 250 261[22] 1980-1986  
CRDJJ1 "Blue Arrow"   Guangshen Railway Zhuzhou Electric Locomotive Co 210 210 235.6 2000-2012  
DJJ2 "China Star"   Qinshen railway Zhuzhou Electric Locomotive Co 210 270 321.5 2002-2006  
DB Class 403   DB AEG
BBC
Siemens
200 220 1972-1993  
ER200    RZD RVR 200 200 220 1984-2009  
ETR 470   SBB Pendolino Fiat Ferroviaria 200 200 1997-2014  
ETR 450   Trenitalia Fiat Ferroviaria 250 280 1988-2015  
ETR.500 (1st series)   Trenitalia AnsaldoBreda
Fiat Ferroviaria
Tecnomasio
Firema Trasporti
250 300 321 1992-2007  
ICE TD   DB
  DSB
Venturio Siemens
Düwag
200 200 222 2001-2017  
RENFE Class 490   RENFE Pendolino Alstom
Fiat Ferrovaria
220 220 1998-2014  
V250   NS
  NMBS/SNCB
AnsaldoBreda 250 250 2012-2013  
0 Series Shinkansen   JNR
  JR Central
  JR West
Shinkansen Hitachi
Kawasaki
Kinki Sharyo
Nippon Sharyo
Kisha
220 220 1964-2008  
100 Series Shinkansen   JNR
  JR Central
  JR West
Hitachi
Kawasaki
Kinki Sharyo
Nippon Sharyo
Tokyu Car
230 230 277.2 1985-2012  
200 Series Shinkansen   JNR
  JR East
Hitachi
Kawasaki
Kinki Sharyo
Nippon Sharyo
Tokyu Car
240 (275 H sets) 275 276.2[23] 1982-2013  
300 Series Shinkansen   JR Central
  JR West
Hitachi
Kawasaki
Kinki Sharyo
Nippon Sharyo
270 270 325.7 1992-2012  
400 Series Shinkansen   JR East Hitachi
Kawasaki
Tokyu Car
240 240 345 1992-2010  
E1 Series Shinkansen   JR East Hitachi
Kawasaki
240 240 1994-2012  

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Class 730
  2. ^ a b ICE 3M
  3. ^ ICE 3M & ICE 3MF
  4. ^ TGV Sud-Est Tricourant

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.alstom.com/Global/Transport/Resources/Documents/brochure2014/Avelia%20Liberty%20-%20Amtrak%20-%20Case%20study%20-%20English.pdf?epslanguage=en-GB
  2. ^ http://www.railwaygazette.com/news/single-view/view/sncf-confirms-tgv-of-the-future-order.html
  3. ^ a b "Automotoras Eléctricas Série: 4000 (4001-4010 e 4051-4060) :: CP :: (Versão Portuguesa)". Série 4000: CP official website (in Portuguese). Retrieved 29 June 2014.
  4. ^ "Ficha de 9-103-005-5" (in Spanish). Listado del Material Ferroviario Español. Retrieved 16 January 2009.
  5. ^ Talgo y CAF 'empatan' en el concurso de Alta Velocidad de Renfe, El Correo, 2016-11-22
  6. ^ "Bullet train in milestone run on HS1". Railnews. 10 June 2008. Retrieved 4 January 2012. an earlier successful 'overspeed' test to check train stability and ride on 18th April, when the train achieved a maximum speed of 252 km/h
  7. ^ "铁总:9月21日起7对复兴号京沪高铁运营 时速350公里". 腾讯财经. 20 August 2017.
  8. ^ "铁总:9月21日起7对复兴号京沪高铁运营 时速350公里". 腾讯财经. 20 August 2017.
  9. ^ 291 km/h – Pendolino sets new record by Dyspozytor
  10. ^ "In galleria il nuovo record di velocità italiano" (in Italian). Ferrovie.it. Retrieved 24 November 2015.
  11. ^ "Il Frecciarossa 1000 è ancora da record" (in Italian). Ferrovie.it. Retrieved 28 February 2016.
  12. ^ http://www.railjournal.com/index.php/middle-east/revised-opening-date-agreed-for-saudi-hs-project.html?channel=523
  13. ^ a b c "Alstom to supply 79 Intercity trains to NS in the Netherlands". www.alstom.com. Retrieved 16 March 2017.
  14. ^ "Products". Stadler Rail. Archived from the original on 27 May 2017. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  15. ^ UK, DVV Media. "Flytoget orders CAF Oaris trainsets". Railway Gazette. Retrieved 17 February 2017.
  16. ^ "TWINDEXX Express Double-deck Trains, Switzerland - Switzerland - Bombardier". www.bombardier.com. Retrieved 15 March 2017.
  17. ^ oe24.at - ÖBB-Zug "railjet" mit Geschwindigkeitsrekord
  18. ^ 東海道新幹線、332キロで試験運転 各国関係者にPR [Test run at 332 km/h on the Tokaido Shinkansen]. Asahi.com (in Japanese). Japan: The Asahi Shimbun Company. 17 November 2009. Archived from the original on 19 November 2009. Retrieved 6 September 2016.
  19. ^ a b c "320-kph Hayabusa matches world speed record". The Japan Times. Japan: The Japan Times Ltd. 17 March 2013. Retrieved 11 September 2013.
  20. ^ 2014年3月 ダイヤ改正について [March 2014 timetable revision details] (pdf). News release (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. 20 December 2013. p. 1. Retrieved 15 March 2014.
  21. ^ a b c d "E7系新幹線電車" [E7 series shinkansen EMU]. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese). Vol. 54 no. 634. Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. February 2014. pp. 9–13.
  22. ^ "Train smashes speed record". BBC News. 30 July 2003. Retrieved 2 June 2010.
  23. ^ 新幹線と世界のライバル [Shinkansen & High Speed Train of World]. Jtbパブリッシング. 15 July 2012. Retrieved 30 December 2018.