RDS-4 (also known as Tatyana)[1] was a Soviet nuclear bomb that was first tested at Semipalatinsk Test Site, on August 23, 1953. The device weighed approximately 1,200 kilograms (2,646 lb). The device was approximately one-third the size of the RDS-3.[2] The bomb was dropped from an IL-28 aircraft at an altitude of 11 kilometres (7 mi) and exploded at 600 metres (1,969 ft), with a yield of 28 kt.[1][3]

RDS-4
Information
CountrySoviet Union
Test siteSemipalatinsk Test Site, Kazakh SSR
PeriodAugust 1953
Number of tests1
Test typeAtmospheric Test
Device typeFission
Max. yieldTotal yield 28 kilotons of TNT (120 TJ)
Test chronology
← RDS-6s
RDS-5 →

The Soviet Union's first mass-produced tactical nuclear weapon was based on the RDS-4 and remained in service until 1966.[4] It used a composite core of 4.2 kilograms (9 lb) Pu-239 and 6.8 kilograms (15 lb) 90% enriched U-235 [5] and had a nominal yield of 30 kilotons.[3] The bomb was delivered from a Tu-4 and Tu-16 aircraft.[3] A tactical weapon based on the RDS-4 was also used on September 14, 1954 during Snowball military exercise near Totskoye (similar to Western Desert Rock exercises), when the bomb was dropped by the Tu-4 bomber (the reverse-engineered Boeing B-29).[6][7] The purpose of this exercise was not to test the bomb itself, but the ability of using it while breaking through enemy defenses (presumably in West Germany). After the explosion Soviet jet fighters were sent to fly through the mushroom cloud while tanks and infantry were forced to move through ground zero.

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ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Mesnyankin, Petr (July 27, 1999). "The Russian Atomic Bomb – 50 years – WebCite cache" (in Russian). Archived from the original on February 25, 2012.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  2. ^ Bukharin, Oleg; Kadyshev, Timur; Miasnikov, Eugene; Sutyagin, Igor; Tarasenko, Maxim; Zhelezov, Boris (2001). Podvig, pavel (ed.). "Russian Strategic Nuclear Forces". Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  3. ^ a b c "Atomicforum:Soviet/Russian Nuclear Arsenal". Archived from the original on March 17, 2008.
  4. ^ Bukharin, Oleg; Podvig, Pavel Leonardovich (January 2004). Russian Strategic Nuclear Forces. MIT Press. pp. 72–73. ISBN 978-0-262-66181-2.
  5. ^ Podvig, Pavel (October 2012). "Interesting document about Soviet nuclear tests in 1953". Russian Strategic Nuclear Forces. Archived from the original on May 19, 2017.
  6. ^ "Totskoye nuclear test, 1954". www.johnstonsarchive.net. Retrieved 2016-08-13.
  7. ^ Ong, Carah. "Nuclear Files: Human Nuclear Experiments". www.nuclearfiles.org. Retrieved 2016-08-13.