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Royal Air Force Station Wittering or more simply RAF Wittering (ICAO: EGXT) is a Royal Air Force station within the unitary authority area of Peterborough, Cambridgeshire and the district of East Northamptonshire. Although Stamford in Lincolnshire is the nearest town, the runways of RAF Wittering cross the boundary between Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire.

Royal Air Force Station Wittering
Air Force Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg
Near Wittering, Cambridgeshire in England
Harrier GR3 at RAF Wittering 2007.jpg
Station guard room and Harrier gate guardian.
RAF Wittering crest.png
Strength is Freedom[1]
RAF Wittering is located in Cambridgeshire
RAF Wittering
RAF Wittering
Shown within Cambridgeshire
Coordinates52°36′45″N 000°28′35″W / 52.61250°N 0.47639°W / 52.61250; -0.47639Coordinates: 52°36′45″N 000°28′35″W / 52.61250°N 0.47639°W / 52.61250; -0.47639
TypeRoyal Air Force support station
Area449 hectares
Site information
OwnerMinistry of Defence
OperatorRoyal Air Force
Controlled byNo. 38 Group RAF
Websitewww.raf.mod.uk/rafwittering/
Site history
Built5 May 1916 (1916)
In use1916 – present
Garrison information
Current
commander
Group Captain Jo Lincoln MBE
Occupants
Airfield information
IdentifiersICAO: EGXT, WMO: 03462
Elevation83.3 metres (273 ft) AMSL
Runways
Direction Length and surface
07/25 2,759 metres (9,052 ft) Asphalt
Source: RAF Wittering Defence Aerodrome Manual[2]

HistoryEdit

First World WarEdit

Wittering's use as a military airfield dates back to 5 May 1916 when it began as RFC Stamford. The aerodrome was initially created for A Flight of No. 38 (Home Defence) Squadron.[3] In common with other Home Defence squadrons at the time it was used for training during the day and for air defence at night. From the Flight's operational declaration in December 1916 until it deployed to France in November 1917, its BE2cs, RE7s and FE2bs claimed engagements with several Zeppelins. The station's training role expanded when it became the Royal Flying Corps's No.1 Training Depot Station in 1917.[4] The neighbouring airfield, RFC Easton on the Hill, also dates back to 1916 and it became No. 5 Training Depot Station in 1917.[4] Following the formation of the Royal Air Force, Easton on the Hill became RAF Collyweston on 1 April 1918.[4] Stamford was retitled at RAF Wittering on 10 April 1918.[4]

Interwar periodEdit

Flying TrainingEdit

RAF Wittering officially reopened in 1924 following and Air Defence Review in 1923. A significant amount of development took place to reposed the station including four new accommodation blocks for airmen, a corporals and airmen's institute, a Senior Non-Commissioned Officers' Mess, the Officers' Mess,[note 1] and a new guardroom. The station retained two aircraft hangars from 1917 and an aircraft repair shed. The Central Flying School was at Wittering from 1926 until 1935 being replaced by No. 11 Flying Training School until 1938.[5]

Preparation for War - Fighter CommandEdit

In April 1938, the station became a Fighter Command station within No 12 Group. This conversion required another expansion with more land being purchased to the south and east of the station which closed the Stamford to Oundle road.[note 2] Further airmen's accommodation, airmen's mess, technical accommodation and station headquarters were constructed as was a sector control room to control fighter squadrons and anti-aircraft gun batteries within 12 Group's 'K' Sector. The airfield was enhanced with the construction of three new Type C (1934 variant) hangars.[6][7]

Second World WarEdit

 
Flight Lieutenant M H Brown and Pilot Officer Chatham of No. 1 Squadron standing by the nose of a Hawker Hurricane Mark I at Wittering,. CH1566

During the Second World War, the station was very active during the Battle of Britain and the Blitz in 1940-41 in No. 12 Group[8] (controlled from RAF Watnall in Nottingham) as it was the main fighter station for a lot of the southern East Midlands, and fighters from the station would often patrol as far as Birmingham. During the Battle of Britain many squadrons were rotated through Wittering to spells in the south of England with No. 11 Group that was bearing the brunt of the battle. With many of the Luftwaffe raids during the Blitz taking part at night, Wittering-based squadrons were instrumental in the development of night combat techniques. These included the use of the Turbinlite aircraft which replaced the nose with a powerful searchlight insulated in the nose of Havocs and Bostons. In April 1943 No. 141 Squadron were moved in, operating de Havilland Mosquitoes.[9] 1943 also saw the station host 2 USAAF squadrons, albeit temporarily: 63 Fighter Squadron USAAF with its P47s operated from Wittering between January and March before moving to RAF Horsham St Faith; 55 Fighter Squadron operated its P38s and P51s from Wittering between August and March 1944 before moving to nearby RAF Kingscliffe.[10]

 
RAF Wittering after the attack on 14 March 1941. Bomb damage can be seen to the roof of the left-most hangar. The runway linking RAF Wittering to Collyweston Landing Ground had not yet been constructed. WWII IWM HU 91901

Emergency landing ground K3 was renamed as Collyweston Landing Ground in 1940 with the construction of some blister hangars, a perimeter track and some dispersals, although the next main fighter station further north was RAF Coleby Grange. Embry in Mission Completed states that in 1940 (the station's official history indicates that this was actually in 1941[11]), while used by 25 squadron, equipped with Beaufighter night fighters, the runway was extended from 1,400 yards to 3 miles long to reduce landing accidents at night and in bad weather.[4]

The Station's innovative role continued and developed throughout the war. It became the home of both fighter and gunnery research and development units working with new equipment and techniques. In addition, No. 1426 (Captured Enemy Aircraft) Flight (colloquially known as the RAFwaffe) was based at Collyweston Landing Ground with its wide range of captured Luftwaffe aircraft both evaluating their performance and touring allied bases. In January 1945, the captured enemy aircraft were removed.[12]

During the war, the airfield was bombed five times, with seventeen people being killed on 14 March 1941. Aircraft from the station downed 151 Luftwaffe aeroplanes and 89 V-1 flying bombs. Hugh Jenkins, Baron Jenkins of Putney served at the station, as did Andrew Humphrey (later Chief of the Defence Staff from 1976 to 1977, who flew Supermarine Spitfires with 266 Squadron).[13]

Post-war useEdit

 
Aerial photograph of Wittering airfield, 9 May 1944

Bomber CommandEdit

Immediately after the war RAF Wittering, once again, transferred back to Fighter Command in 1946 providing a home to a variety of squadrons operating Spitfires, Mosquitos and Hornets. In 1948, the Station transferred back to Training Command for 2 years before Maintenance Command took responsibility to undertake some significant redevelopment between 1950 and 1952 as the Cold War saw RAF Wittering become a vital part of the United Kingdom's strategic nuclear deterrent under the control of Bomber Command in 1953.[14]

The current airfield was created by the merging of RAF Wittering and nearby Collyweston Relief Landing Ground, by the construction of a 1.7-mile runway between them in 1941. Conversion to a Bomber airfield saw the construction of a new concrete runway (slightly to the south of the 1941 runway), taxiways and dispersals (with further H-dispersals and QRA dispersals being added later) that still form the majority of the Station's aircraft operating surfaces. A wide-span Gaydon hangar for the Canberra B2 bombers was constructed along with a new control tower, avionics building and nuclear storage and maintenance facilities.[15]

 
RAF Victor B.2

In its new guise as a bomber station, RAF Wittering initially operated Avro Lincolns from 1953 although these were replaced by English Electric Canberras later that year.[14] The first British operational atomic bomb, the Blue Danube, was deployed to RAF Wittering in November 1953.[14] The first V-bombers (the Vickers Valiant, the Handley Page Victor and the Avro Vulcan) were delivered in July 1955. In 1957-58 tests were carried out on the first British hydrogen bomb. This was fitted into the existing Blue Danube casing, and four Valiant bombers flew out of Wittering to Christmas Island in the Pacific, one of them dropping the first device on 15 May 1957 on Operation Grapple.[16]

Until January 1969 two squadrons (100 and 139) of Victor B.2 bombers equipped with Blue Steel stand-off missiles were part of the QRA (Quick Reaction Alert) force of the RAF. Two nuclear armed aircraft were permanently on 15 minutes readiness to take off. They were parked within 100 m (110 yd) of the westerly runway threshold. In times of higher tension, four bombers could be stationed beside the runway on the ORP (Operational Readiness Platform). If the aircraft were manned they could all be airborne within 30 seconds, a feat often demonstrated at V force stations across the country. Since the incoming missile warning from the RAF Fylingdales BMEWS array was only four minutes before impact this ensured if the country came under attack, the bombers would be scrambled and able to retaliate.[17]

In 1968, the base became part of Strike Command. From October 1972 until August 1976, there were two squadrons flying the Hawker Hunter No. 45 Squadron[18] initially and then 58 Squadron as well.[18]

HarriersEdit

 
A Harrier is seen landing, at RAF Wittering, on a Forward Operating or MEXE Pad. The pad measures 100ft X 100ft and is made from prefabricated surface aluminium interlocking (PSAI) matting. The pads were used by novice pilots and veterans alike to practice the accuracy of their vertical landings.

From 1968 the station was known as the Home of the Harrier: the first Harriers arrived for No. 1(Fighter) Squadron in August 1969.[19]

In May 1971, four aircraft from 1(F) Sqn operated from HMS Ark Royal, the first time the Harrier had operated from an aircraft carrier, under Wing Commander (later Sir) Kenneth Hayr, later killed at the Biggin Hill airshow on 2 June 2001.[20]

In 1982, six Harrier GR3 aircraft were taken down to the Falklands on SS Atlantic Conveyor,[21] and survived the Exocet attack, later to board HMS Hermes in May 1982. In June 1982, 12 GR3 aircraft were flown from Wittering, via RAF Ascension Island and mid-air refuelling with Victor tankers, on an 8,000 mile journey to the Falklands in 17 hours, which set an RAF record. The Harriers were from 1(F) Sqn. On 27 May 1982, Sqn Ldr (later Gp Capt) Bob Iveson was hit by anti-aircraft fire from GADA 601's 35mm cannon, and he ejected seconds before his aircraft exploded in mid-air near Goose Green. He evaded capture for two and a half days before being rescued by helicopter.[22]

The Queen visited the station in June 1982 as part of the RAF Regiment's 40th anniversary celebrations.[23]

It was announced in December 2009 that RAF Wittering was to become the sole operational base for the Harriers of Joint Force Harrier after the announcement that RAF Cottesmore was to close. However, as a result of the 2010 Strategic Defence and Security Review, the Harrier fleet was withdrawn in December 2010.[24]

Role and operationsEdit

In 2016 the Ministry of Defence confirmed that the Station would be one of the RAF's 'well found centres of specialisation for' 'Support Enablers' along with RAF Leeming.[25]

CommandEdit

The station is part of No 38 Group.[26] The station commander of RAF Wittering is currently Group Captain Jo Lincoln who assumed command from Group Captain Tony Keeling OBE MDA MA BEng CEng FRAeS RAF on 9 August 2019.[27] The station's honorary air commodore is Her Royal Highness the Countess of Wessex.[28][29]

Royal Air Force Engineering and Logistics Support EnablersEdit

The station is the home of the 'A4 Force' (the Royal Air Force's engineering and logistic Air Combat Service Support Units (ACSSUs)).[30]

Flying TrainingEdit

 
RAF Wittering hosts a number of units operating the Grob Tutor T1 training aircraft.

Previously the home of No 1 Training Depot Station (at Stamford aerodrome) and No 5 Training Depot Station (at Easton on the Hill aerodrome) of the Royal Flying Corps during World War 1 and then the Royal Air Force's Central Flying School and No. 11 Flying Training School between the World Wars. RAF Wittering's return to flying training was marked on 4 February 2015 with the arrival of Cambridge University Air Squadron and the University of London Air Squadron.[31] RAF Wittering is also the birthplace of the Royal Air Force Gliding & Soaring Association's Four Counties Gliding Club.[32]

Royal EngineersEdit

In November 2011 the Ministry of Defence announced that 44 Service personnel from HQ 12 (Air Support) Engineer Group, part of the Royal Engineers, would move from Waterbeach Barracks to RAF Wittering in 2012-13.[33]

Current unitsEdit

Current flying and notable non-flying units based at RAF Wittering.[34][35][36]

Royal Air ForceEdit

No. 38 Group RAFEdit

No. 11 Group RAFEdit

  • Low Flying Operations Flight

No. 22 GroupEdit

British ArmyEdit

Royal Engineers (8 Engineer Brigade)Edit

  • Headquarters 12 (Force Support) Engineer Group
  • Headquarters and elements of 20 Works Group Royal Engineers (Air Support), 170 (Infrastructure Support) Engineer Group
    • 529 Specialist Team Royal Engineers (Airfields) (STRE)
    • 532 Specialist Team Royal Engineers (Airfields) (STRE)

RAF A4 ForceEdit

The Station Commander RAF Wittering is also the commander of RAF's A4 Force Elements. These combine the majority the RAF's specialist and deployable engineering and logistics units[note 3] within a single organisation as follows (A4 Force Elements not located at RAF Wittering are included in italics for completeness)

Unit Sub-unit Role Location
Headquarters A4 Force Command RAF Wittering
No. 1 Air Mobility Wing Operations Squadron Movements RAF Brize Norton with detachments in Hannover, Calgary, Las Vegas, Washington DC, Nairobi, and the Middle East
Air Movements Squadron
UK Mobile Air Movements Squadron
No. 42 (Expeditionary Support) Wing No 71 (Inspection and Repair) Squadron Aircraft engineering RAF Wittering with detachments at RAF Brize Norton, RAF Lossiemouth, and RAF Waddington
No 93 (Expeditionary Armaments) Squadron Weapons support RAF Marham with a detachment at RAF Wittering
No 5001 Squadron Ground engineering RAF Wittering
No 5131 (Bomb Disposal) Squadron Explosive Ordnance Disposal RAF Wittering
Joint Aircraft Recovery and Transportation Squadron MOD Boscombe Down
No. 85 (Expeditionary Logistics) Wing No 1 Expeditionary Logistics Squadron Supply and fuels RAF Wittering
No 2 Mechanical Transport Squadron Transport RAF Wittering
No 3 Mobile Catering Squadron Catering and accommodation management RAF Wittering
RAF Mountain Rescue Service RAF Valley; RAF Leeming; RAF Lossiemouth
Reserves Logistics Suport Wing[37] No 501 (County of Gloucester) Squadron Royal Auxiliary Air Force Logistics Support RAF Brize Norton
No 504 (County of Nottingham) Squadron Royal Auxiliary Air Force RAF Wittering
No 605 (County of Warwick) Squadron Royal Auxiliary Air Force RAF Cosford
No 4624 (County of Oxford) Squadron Royal Auxiliary Air Force Movements RAF Brize Norton

UnitsEdit

Dates Unit Aircraft Comments
1916-17 'A' Flight No 38 (Home Defence) Squadron BE2c; RE7; FE2b Stamford
1917-19 No 1 Training Depot Station Bristol F2b; Avro 4504K Stamford/Wittering
1917-19 United States Detachment Elementary Flying School and 831st Aeroplane Repair Squadron DH6; Curtiss JN Stamford/Wittering
1917-19 No 5 Training Depot Station Snipe, Camel, Scout, RE8, DH9, DH9a Easton on the Hill/ Collyweston
1917-19 United States Aeroplane Repair Squadron Easton on the Hill/ Collyweston
1919-24 Care and Maintenance
1924-35 Central Flying School Avro 504K; Bristol Fighter; Snipe; Grebe; Gamecock; Siskin; Lynx; Hawker Tomfit; Hawker Hart; Bristol Bulldog; Fairy IIIF; Armstrong Whitworth Atlas; Vickers Victoria
1935-38 No 11 Flying Training School Tutor; Hart; Audux; Gauntlet; Fury
1938-40 No 23 Squadron Demon; Blenheim NF1
1938-40 No 213 Squadron Gauntlet II; Hurricane I
1938-40 No 610 Squadron Spitfire I
1940 No 1 Squadron Hurricane I
1940 No 32 Squadron Hurricane I
1940 No 229 Squadron Hurricane I
1940 No 74 Squadron Spitfire XII
1940-42 No 25 Squadron Beaufighter 1F
1940-43 No 151 Squadron Hurricane Iic; Defiant I & II; Mosquito NFII
1940-42 No 266 Squadron Spitfire I, IIa, IIb, & Vb
1941-42 No 1453 Flight Havoc (Turbinlite); Boston
1942-43 No 532 Squadron Havoc I (Turbinlite); Boston III; Hurricane IIb & IIc From No 1453 Flight
1942-43 No 1529 Beam Approach Training (BAT) Flight Magister
1942-43 No 485 Squadron Spitfire Vb New Zealand
1942-43 No 486 Squadron Hurricane IIb New Zealand
1942-43 No 616 Squadron Spitfire IIb & Vb
1942-43 No 1530 BAT Flight Airspeed Oxford
1943 No 141 Squadron Beaufighter VIF; Mosquito II
1943 63d Fighter Squadron USAAF P47 Thunderbolt
1943-44 55th Fighter Squadron USAAF P38 Lightning; P51 Mustang Walcot Hall
1943 No 118 Squadron Spitfire Vb
1943-45 No 1426 (Captured Enemy Aircraft) Flight Various German aircraft
1943-44 Air Fighting Development Unit

Naval Air Fighting Development Unit

Various
1943 No 91 Squadron Spitfire XII
1943-44 No 438 Squadron RCAF Hurricane IV From No 118 Squadron
1944 Gunnery Research Unit Various
1944 No 658 Squadron Auster AOP III & IV
1944 Fighter Interception Unit

Night Fighter Interception Unit

Mosquito; Typhoon; Beaufighter
1944-45 Central Fighter Establishment Various
1945 No 68 Squadron Mosquito XVII, XIX & XXX
1945 Nos 109 & 110 Personnel Reception Centres
1946 No 219 Squadron Mosquito NF30
1946-47 No 19 Squadron Spitfire F21; Hornet I
1946-47 No 23 Squadron Mosquito NF30
1946-47 No 41 Squadron Spitfire F21; Hornet
1946-47 No 141 Squadron Mosquito NF36
1947-48 No 264 Squadron Mosquito NF36
1948-50 No 1 Initial Training School
1948-50 No 23 Group School of Instructional Technique
1950-52 Airfield Reconstruction
1952-53 Central Servicing Development Establishment
1953-68 Bomber Command Armament School
1953-54 No 49 Squadron Lincoln B2
1953-55 No 61 Squadron Lincoln B2; Canberra B2
1953-59 No 100 Squadron Lincoln B2; Canberra B2, B6, PR7, & B(I)8
1954-56 No 40 Squadron Canberra B2
1954-55 No 76 Squadron Canberra B2
1954-60 Bomber Command Development Unit Canberra; Valiant B1
1954-55 No 1321 Flight Valiant B1
1955-62 No 138 Squadron Valiant B1, B(PR)1, & B(PR)K1
1956-61 No 49 Squadron Valiant B1, B(PR)1, & B(K)1
1961-62 No 7 Squadron Valiant B(K)1 & B(PR)K1
1957-71 Bombing and Navigation Systems Development Squadron
1962-68 No 100 Squadron Victor B2 Blue Steel
1963-68 No 139 Squadron Victor B2 Blue Steel
1968-71 Strike Command Armament School
1969-71 No 230 Squadron Whirlwind HC10
1969-82 No 51 Squadron RAF Regiment
1969-70 Harrier Conversion Unit Harrier GR1, Hunter FGA9
1969-2000 No 1 (Fighter) Squadron Harrier GR1, GR3, GR5, & GR7
1969-83 No 15 Squadron RAF Regiment
1970-82 Headquarters No 5 Wing RAF Regiment
1970-92 No 233 Operational Conversion Unit Harrier GR1, T2, GR3, T4, & GR5 From Harrier Conversion Unit
1970 No IV (Army Cooperation) Squadron Hunter FGA9, Harrier GR1
1971-2000 RAF Armament Support Unit
1972-76 No 45 Squadron Hunter FGA9
1973-76 No 58 (Reserve) Squadron Hunter FGA9
1992-2010 No 20 (Reserve) Squadron Harrier GR7, GR9, & T10 From 233 Operational Conversion Unit
1995- No 5131 (Bomb Disposal) Squadron
1999-2004 No 1 Tactical Survice to Operate Headquarters
2001-06 No. 37 Squadron RAF Regiment
2004-15 Headquarters No 1 RAF Force Protection Wing From No 1 Tactical Survive to Operate Headquarters
2006- Headquarters No 85 (Expeditionary Logistics) Wing
2006- No 5001 Squadron Expeditionary Airfield Facilities
2006- No 2 Mechanical Transport Squadron
2006-7 Mobile Catering Support Unit
2006 RAF Armament Support Unit
2007-15 No 3 Squadron RAF Regiment
2007- Headquarters No 42 (Expeditionary Support) Wing
2007- No 1 Expeditionary Logistics Squadron
2007- No 3 Mobile Catering Squadron From Mobile Catering Support Unit
2010-11 No IV (Reserve) Squadron Harrier GR9 & T10 From No 20 (Reserve) Squadron
2012- No 504 (County of Nottingham) Squadron Royal Auxiliary Air Force
2012- Headquarters 20 Works Group Royal Engineers
2013- Headquarters 12 Engineer Group
2013-14 Headquarters Joint Force Support (Afghanistan) 16
2015- No 16 Squadron Tutor T1
2015- No 115 Squadron Tutor T1
2015- Cambridge University Air Squadron Tutor T1 Includes No 5 Air Experience Flight
2015- University of London Air Squadron Tutor T1

FutureEdit

In March 2019, the Ministry of Defence indicated that RAF Wittering, alongside RAF Waddington and RAF Leeming, was being considered as the future home of the RAF Aerobatic Team the Red Arrows. The team are expected to relocate from their existing base at RAF Scampton when it closes in 2022.[38]

Station commandersEdit

The station commander ordinarily holds the rank of group captain. The ranks shown below, where above group captain, indicates higher ranks the former station commanders achieved.

 
ATC tower
  • Air Cdre Dudley Radford 1948
  • AVM Sir Alan Boxer 1958-9
  • Gp Capt Leonard Trent 1959-62
  • AVM John Lawrence 1962-4
  • AVM Paul Mallorie 1964-9
  • AVM Peter Williamson 1969-70
  • AVM Alan Merriman 1970-2
  • Gp Capt IH Kepple 1972-
  • Air Mshl Sir Laurence Jones 1975-6
  • AVM David Brook 1976-8
  • Gp Capt AG Bridges 1978-1981
  • Gp Capt P King 1981-1983
  • AVM Peter Dodworth March 1983- February 1985
  • AVM Peter Millar February 1985- 1986
  • AVM John Feesey 1986-8
  • Gp Capt JH Thompson 1988-1990
  • Gp Capt BS Morris 1990-1992
  • Gp Capt PW Day AFC 1992-1995
  • Gp Capt J Connolly 1995-7
  • Air Chf Mshl Sir Christopher Moran 1997-9
  • Gp Capt D Haward 1998[note 4][39]
  • Gp Capt AFP Dezonie 1999-2001
  • Gp Capt A Kirkpatrick 2001-3
  • Gp Capt M Jenkins 2003-5
  • Air Cdre Ashley Stevenson 2005 - November 2006
  • Gp Capt Ro Atherton November 2006 - June 2008 (Wittering's first female commander)
  • Gp Capt Paul Higgins June 2008 - December 2009
  • AVM Richard Knighton December 2009 - June 2011
  • Air Cdre Richard Hill June 2011 - June 2013
  • Air Cdre Damian Alexander June 2013 - June 2015
  • Air Cdre Richard Pratley June 2015 - June 2017
  • Gp Capt Tony Keeling June 2017 - August 2019
  • Gp Capt Jo Lincoln August 2019 -

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ 'The Station's Officers' Mess is one few that predates College Hall Officers' Mess at Cranwell
  2. ^ 'The road from the southern boundary of the Station to the A47 road is called the 'Old Oundle Road'
  3. ^ 'The RAF's Tactical Supply Wing is not included within the RAF A4 Force as it forms part of the Joint Helicopter Command under the control of Army Headquarters
  4. ^ Group Captain Haward was named as the new station commander at RAF Wittering in December 1998. A week later, on 18 December 1998, his Harrier aircraft crashed near to Barnard Castle in County Durham. Gp Capt Haward died at the scene.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Pine, L.G. (1983). A dictionary of mottoes (1 ed.). London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. p. 222. ISBN 0-7100-9339-X.
  2. ^ "RAF Wittering Defence Aerodrome Manual (DAM)" (PDF). RAF Wittering. Military Aviation Authority. 1 October 2015. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
  3. ^ Jefford 1988, p. 37.
  4. ^ a b c d e "RAF Collyweston". Collyweston Historical Society. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  5. ^ "Flying Squadrons Return To Royal Air Force Wittering". British Forces Resettlement Services. 5 February 2015. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  6. ^ "World War II Hangars - Guide to Hangar Identification" (PDF). Ministry of Defence. 2002. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  7. ^ Birtles 2012, p. 74.
  8. ^ Falconer 2013, p. 215.
  9. ^ Jefford 1988, p. 60.
  10. ^ Staff writer, no byline (10 July 2009). "Library: Fact Sheet 55th Fighter Squadron". 20th Fighter Wing Public Affairs. Archived from the original on 26 September 2015. Retrieved 26 December 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  11. ^ Lloyd, Furz; Walsh, Tony; Montellier, Clive; Palmer, E (2016). Royal Air Force Wittering - from century to century 1916–2016 (PDF). p. 20.
  12. ^ Gosling, Peter (1 February 2003). "The Rafwaffe". Flight Journal. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  13. ^ "Marshal of the RAF Sir Andrew Humphrey". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 6 June 2012.
  14. ^ a b c Birtles 2012, p. 75.
  15. ^ Historic England. "Gaydon hangar at RAF Wittering (1402766)". National Heritage List for England.
  16. ^ Oulton 1987, p. 223.
  17. ^ "Victors on Quick Reaction Alert". Britain at War. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  18. ^ a b Jefford 1988, p. 43.
  19. ^ Jefford 1988, p. 23.
  20. ^ "May 2001 crash". BBC News. 3 June 2001. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
  21. ^ "1 Squadron in the Falklands". Raf.mod.uk. 27 January 2012. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
  22. ^ "British Pilot Rescued Behind Enemy Lines". New York Times. 31 May 1982. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  23. ^ "The Queen's visit to RAF Wittering". Imperial War Museum. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  24. ^ "Last trip for one of Britain's iconic aircraft". BBC News. 15 December 2010. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
  25. ^ "MOD Better Defence Estate" (PDF).
  26. ^ "RAF - News by Date - RAF 38 Group Reforming Parade". www.raf.mod.uk. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  27. ^ "RAF - News". www.raf.mod.uk. Retrieved 24 June 2017.
  28. ^ Emma.Goodey (4 November 2015). "The Countess of Wessex". The Royal Family. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  29. ^ "Honorary Air Commodore Visits Wittering | Wittering View Online - RAF Wittering". www.witteringviewonline.co.uk. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  30. ^ "RAF - A4 Force". www.raf.mod.uk. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  31. ^ "Flying Squadrons Return to RAF Wittering". raf.mod.uk/rafwittering. Royal Air Force Wittering. Retrieved 3 November 2015.
  32. ^ "RAF Wittering". Four Counties Gliding Club. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  33. ^ "First tranche of Army unit moves confirmed". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 10 November 2011.
  34. ^ "About us". RAF Wittering. Retrieved 26 July 2017.
  35. ^ "A History of Air Support Engineering: 20 Works Group RE" (PDF). p. 13.
  36. ^ "An introduction to...20 Works Group Royal Engineers" (PDF). Wittering View. Lance Publishing Ltd.: 18 Spring 2015.
  37. ^ "Vacancy for a Sqn Ldr - Any Branch - Officer Comanding 605 Sqn RAuxAF - RAF Cosford - FTRS ADC VeRR". www.raf.mod.uk. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  38. ^ "Three choices for new Red Arrows base". BBC News. 18 March 2019. Retrieved 19 March 2019.
  39. ^ "INQUEST: Crash pilot lost control". Peterborough Today. 13 December 2001. Retrieved 25 August 2017.

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit