RAF Hell's Mouth

Royal Air Force Hell's Mouth or more simply RAF Hell's Mouth is a former Royal Air Force Emergency Landing Ground at Hell's Mouth, (Porth Neigwl) on the Llŷn Peninsula near Abersoch, Gwynedd, Wales.

RAF Hell's Mouth
Air Force Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg
Near Abersoch, Gwynedd in Wales
Hell's Mouth and the site of RAF Hell's Mouth - geograph.org.uk - 621842.jpg
The site of RAF Hell's Mouth
RAF Hell's Mouth is located in Gwynedd
RAF Hell's Mouth
RAF Hell's Mouth
Shown within Gwynedd
Coordinates52°48′25″N 004°32′14″W / 52.80694°N 4.53722°W / 52.80694; -4.53722Coordinates: 52°48′25″N 004°32′14″W / 52.80694°N 4.53722°W / 52.80694; -4.53722
TypeEmergency Landing Ground
Air gunnery and bombing range
Site information
OwnerAir Ministry
OperatorRoyal Air Force
Controlled byRAF Coastal Command
Site history
Built1940 (1940)
In use1940-1946 (1946)
Battles/warsSecond World War
Airfield information
Elevation18 metres (59 ft) AMSL
Runways
Direction Length and surface
00/00  Grass

HistoryEdit

RAF Hell's Mouth was commissioned in February 1937 as a Relief Landing Ground, later an Emergency Landing Ground for RAF Penrhos. It took its name from the local coastline which is known as Hell's Mouth due to the 'hellish' conditions for sailors with little shelter from the sea.[1] It was also an air gunnery and bombing range, with targets on the land, floated 1 mile offshore and towed drogues in the air. A small range railway was in use to provide moving targets.[2]

Typical aircraft using the airfield were Bristol Blenheim and Armstrong Whitworth Whitley. In August 1944 a Vickers Wellington was successfully landed by a Polish pilot following an engine failure. Despite the mismatch in size, the aircraft also was able to subsequently take off.[2]

No. 9 (Observers) Advanced Flying Unit RAF was posted here at some point.[3]

Current useEdit

The site was decommissioned in 1945 and returned to agriculture.[3]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ "Llyn and Bardsey Island" (PDF). naturalresources.wales. p. 3. Retrieved 16 July 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ a b McLelland, Tim (2010). Action Stations Revisited: Wales and the Midlands No. Cheshire: Crecy Pub. p. 110. ISBN 978-0-85979-111-3.
  3. ^ a b "Hell's Mouth - Airfields of Britain Conservation Trust UK". www.abct.org.uk. Retrieved 16 July 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

BibliographyEdit

  • Annand, David. RAF Penrhos near Pwllheli 1937-45 and RAF Llandwrog near Caernarvon 1940-45. Tywyn : David Annand, 1986.

External linksEdit