TDM - Teledifusão de Macau, S. A. (TDM; Chinese: 澳門廣播電視股份有限公司; English: Macau Broadcasting Television Co., Ltd) provides public broadcasting services in Macau. By running five digital terrestrial television channels, one satellite television channel and two radio channels, TDM provides local audiences with a wide range of content in Macau's two official languages, Chinese (Cantonese) and Portuguese, as well as having time-slots for English as well as Indonesian and Tagalog, which reflects the multicultural nature of the city, with 95 percent of the population being Chinese and five percent made up of Portuguese and other ethnic groups.
|Type||TV and Radio (Public Service Broadcast)|
|26 March 1982 (TV Broadcast on 13 May 1984)|
|TDM - Teledifusão de Macau, S. A.|
|Portuguese||Teledifusão de Macau, S. A.|
In the new media era, TDM has extended its services by developing multimedia platforms, including the official website (tdm.com.mo), mobile app (TDM App), social media and content-sharing platforms, allowing local and international audience instant access to information about Macau.
TDM was founded by the colonial Portuguese government in 1982, and as a public company, would first begin evening television broadcasts on May 13, 1984, offering a mix of Portuguese and Cantonese programming between 18:00 and 23:00. It was the first television company to be founded in Macau, with news only being reported via radio broadcasts on stations such as Rádio Macau before they were absorbed into TDM.
The company was sold for 50 million patacas into a public-private partnership in 1988 following corruption scandals and major financial losses of up to 90 to 100 million patacas a year. In 1990, the Portuguese and Cantonese television operations were split into separate channels.
TDM ceased analogue transmission from 00:00 on 30 June 2023.
2021 broadcasting rules controversy edit
On March 10, 2021, in light of recent protests in neighbouring Hong Kong which were followed by the passage of national security legislation, TDM executives addressed the company on new broadcasting rules requiring the company to promote "patriotism, respect and love" for mainland China and withhold reports critical of the Chinese government. Several journalists have resigned from the broadcaster as a result of this conflict, with local journalist unions criticizing the rules as a breach of press freedom. Subsequently, the Portuguese Minister of Foreign Affairs Augusto Santos Silva warned them that press freedom is a part of Macao Basic Law, stating that the Portuguese government expects the law to be followed. Chief Executive of Macau Ho Iat-seng denied that press freedom restrictions were being imposed. Following the criticism, TDM's executives stated they would continue to follow their current editorial policy.
|Ch №||Channel||Channel content||Transmission||Launch Date||Website|
Local channels edit
|91||TDM Ou Mun||Free-to-air in Cantonese, first broadcasting channel of TDM||Digital||17 September 1990||Website|
|92||Canal Macau||Free-to-air in Portuguese and English||Digital||17 September 1990||Website|
|93||TDM Sport||Sports programs||Digital||9 October 2009||Website|
|94||TDM Information||News and financial information programs||Digital||3 September 2012||Website|
|95||TDM Entertainment||Digital||15 July 2008||Website|
|96||TDM Macau World||International channel||Satellite||1 October 2009||Website|
Mainland channels edit
|71||CCTV-1||Transmission of CCTV-1||Digital||20 December 2016||Website|
|72||CCTV-13||Live broadcast of CCTV-13||Digital||1 October 2009||Website|
|73||CGTN||Live broadcast of CGTN||Digital||15 July 2010||Website|
|74||CGTN Documentary||Live broadcast of CGTN Documentary||Digital||1 November 2011||Website|
|75||Strait Television||Live broadcast of FMG||Digital||1 April 2011||Website|
|76||Hunan TV World||Live broadcast of HBS||Digital||15 July 2010||Website|
|77||Southeast Television||Live broadcast of FMG||Digital||20 December 2017||Website|
|78||GDTV World||Live broadcast of GRT||Digital||8 February 2018||Website|
See also edit
- Macau, Richard L. Edmonds, Clio Press, 1989, page xlix
- "A Brief History of TDM: Teledifusão de Macau". Macau Lifestyle. Macau Lifestyle Media. October 30, 2019. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
- "TDM Switches Off Its Analogue TV Transmission System". TDM. 2023-06-25. Archived from the original on 2023-07-19. Retrieved 2023-07-19.
- "Portugal expects China to respect press freedom in Macao". Macao News. Macau. 24 March 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
- Jim, Clare; Master, Farah (8 April 2021). "Press freedom in Macau's gambling hub under spotlight as China ramps up scrutiny". Reuters.