CCTV-1 (CCTV General Channel) is the primary channel in CCTV, the national flagship terrestrial television network of the People's Republic of China. It broadcasts a range of programs from CMG Headquarters at East 3rd Ring Road in Beijing and is available to both cable and terrestrial television viewers. The terrestrial signal of CCTV-1 is free-to-air across China. However, due to copyright restrictions, the satellite signal of CCTV-1 is encrypted, and smartcards are necessary for decryption.
|Launched||2 September 1958|
|Owned by||China Central Television|
|Picture format||16:9/4:3 (576i, SDTV)|
16:9 (1080i, HDTV)
|Broadcast area||National; also distributed in other Asia countries on cable and satellite|
East 3rd Ring Road
Beijing, People's Republic of China
|Formerly called||Peking Television (2 May 1958 – 30 May 1978)|
China Central Television Program 1 (1 May 1978 – 29 November 1995)
China Central Television News and Comprehersion Channel (30 November 1995 – 7 May 2003)
|Analog TV (PAL-D)||Analog channel number varies by area.|
|Digital TV (DTMB)||Digital channel number varies by area.|
|RTHK (Hong Kong)||Channel 33 (HD)|
Analogue channel number varies by area.
|TDM (Macau)||Channel 71 (SD)|
|Satellite||Channel 1 (encrypted)|
|Chinasat-6B||3840 H 27500(encrypted)|
|Cable||Usually Channel 1 (SD)|
Channel number varies by area (HD)
|Cable TV Hong Kong||Channel 341 (HD)|
|Now TV (Hong Kong)||Channel 541|
Peking Television (2 May 1958 – 30 April 1978)Edit
Initially branded as Peking Television (not to be confused with the present-day Beijing Television), CCTV-1 was launched on an experimental basis on 2 May 1958 and officially regular broadcasting for 4 hours 30 minutes each day starting on 2 September 1958. Peking Television was granted a free-to-air terrestrial television broadcasting license in the 1960s. It began broadcasting experimentally in colour in 1971, and later launched via satellite transmissions in 1972 for major events. The first colour programmes were PAL-D/K, and full-time colour broadcasting began in 1977.
China Central Television (1 May 1978 – present)Edit
On 1 May 1978, Peking Television was renamed China Central Television (CCTV) with the approval of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. CCTV began domestic satellite transmissions in 1984 using the Song Dang Hong 2 satellite. In 1988, it began stereo broadcasting on all television channels. In 1994, it moved satellite broadcasting from Chinasat-3 to Chinasat-4, a quality-level broadcaster. It turned on its digital signal in 2002. CCTV-1 began broadcasting 24 hours a day on 1 October 2004 and began high-definition broadcasting on 28 September 2009. On 1 March 2011, Hong Kong's Asia Television (ATV) started relaying CCTV-1 instead of CCTV-4, a Hong Kong-based free-to-air digital terrestrial station that is usually tuned to 15 on the UHF band. On 1 March 2011, Hong Kong's Asia Television (ATV) started relaying CCTV-1 instead of CCTV-4, a Hong Kong-based free-to-air digital terrestrial station that is usually tuned to 15 on the UHF band. On 29 May 2017, Hong Kong's RTHK started relaying CCTV-1 instead of CGTN Documentary, a Hong Kong-based free-to-air digital terrestrial station that is usually tuned to 33 on the high-definition television.
- 2 September 1958 – 30 April 1978: 19:00–22:30 Beijing Time
- 1 May 1978 – 27 January 1987: 09:00–13:00 and 17:00–23:30 Beijing Time
- 28 January 1987 – 30 April 1993: 08:25–23:50 Beijing Time
- 1 May 1993 – 30 June 1997: 06:50–00:50 Beijing Time
- 1 July 1997 – 7 July 2001: 05:55–01:10 Beijing Time
- 8 July 2001 – 7 May 2003: 05:55–01:45 Beijing Time
- 8 May 2003 – 1 October 2004: 05:55–02:05 Beijing Time
- 1 October 2004 – present: 24 hours a day
Live programming is used on special occasions such as the Chinese National Day, Handover of Hong Kong and Macau, Hong Kong International Airport, Taiwanese earthquake, 11 September 2001, Sichuan earthquake, Asian Games and Summer Olympic Games.
- Xinwen Lianbo (新闻联播) (IPA pronunciation:[ɕín.wə̌n.ljɛ̌n.pwó])
- Waiting For Me
- Nightly News (晚间新闻) (IPA pronunciation:[wàn.tɕjɛ́n.ɕín.wə̌n])
- Morning News (朝闻天下) (IPA pronunciation:[ʈʂáu.wə́n.tʰjɛ́n.ɕjâ])
- News 30' (新闻三十分) (IPA pronunciation[ɕín.wə̌n.sán.ʂɻ̩̌.fə́n])
- Focus Report (焦点访谈) (IPA pronunciation:[tɕjáu.tjɛ̀n.fàn.tʰǎn])
- Weather Forecast (天气预报) (IPA pronunciation:[tʰjɛ́n.tɕʰî.ŷ.pâu])
- Beyond the Edge
- Great Challenge (了不起的挑战) (IPA pronunciation:[ljàu.pû.tɕʰì.tɤ.tʰjàu.ʈʂân])
- Legal Report (今日说法) (IPA pronunciation:[tɕín.ɻɻ̩̂.ʂwó.fà])
- Animal World (动物世界) (IPA pronunciation:[tʊ̂ŋ.û.ʂɻ̩̂.tɕjê])
- Human and Nature
- Sheng Huo Quan
- Where I'm Coming From
- They Work Miracles (他们创造奇迹) (IPA pronunciation:[tʰá.mə̌n.ʈʂʰwâŋ.tsâu.tɕʰí.tɕî])
- Fascinating Documentary
- CCTV New Year's Gala (live on last day of the last month with simulcast on CCTV-3, CCTV-4, CCTV-7 and CCTV-14).
- CCTV Lantern Festival Gala (live on fifteenth day of the first month with simulcast on CCTV-3 and CCTV-4)
- Labor Day (live on 1 May)
- CCTV Mid-Autumn Festival Gala (live on 15 August with simulcast on CCTV-3 and CCTV-4)
- National Day (live on 1 October)
- World Youth Day
- Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Establishment Day (live on 1 July 1997).
- Macau Special Administrative Region Establishment Day (live on 20 December 1999).
- 2008 Summer Olympics opening ceremony (live on 8 August 2008).
- 2008 Summer Olympics closing ceremony (live on 24 August 2008).
- 2008 Summer Paralympics opening ceremony (live on 6 September2008).
- 2008 Summer Paralympics closing ceremony (live on 17 September 2008).
CCTV-1 HD is a simulcast network version of CCTV-1 in high-definition. All standard-definition content is upscaled to high-definition output. The rest of the programming hours consist of mainly upscaled resolution CCTV-1 simulcast. The horizontal resolution was increased to 1920 pixels. CCTV-1 HD was created specifically for the 2008 Summer Olympics and the 2008 Summer Paralympics at the Beijing National Stadium. For the duration of the 2012 Summer Olympics broadcasting was increased to 24 hours a day to provide extra coverage of the Summer Olympic Games events.