Queensland Alumina Limited

Queensland Alumina Limited (QAL) is one of the largest alumina refineries by alumina production capacity in the world[1][2], located in Parsons Point, Gladstone, Queensland, Australia.

Queensland Alumina Limited
Qld Alumina Refinery QAL 2008.jpg
The refinery in 2008
OperatedSince 1967 (1967)
LocationGladstone, Queensland
Coordinates23°52′1″S 151°17′25″E / 23.86694°S 151.29028°E / -23.86694; 151.29028Coordinates: 23°52′1″S 151°17′25″E / 23.86694°S 151.29028°E / -23.86694; 151.29028
IndustryAlumina refinery
Owner(s)Rio Tinto Alcan (80%)
Rusal (20%)

The refinery was planned in 1964[3] and has been operating since 1967[4], the refinery has a capacity to produce 3.95 million tonnes of alumina a year. In 1981 the output was at a quarterly basis over 600,000 tonnes per quarter.[5]

At times of lower demand, operations have been altered.[6][7] Subsequent rises in demand have seen expansion in output and employment.[8]

QAL has been operated by a range of consortium partners of international aluminium producers over time. Comalco brought in to the consortium in 1969.[9] In 1982 it was owned Comalco (30.3%), Kaiser Aluminum (28.3%), Alcan (21.4%), and Pechiney Ugine Kuhlmann (20%).[10]

Since April 2005, it has been owned by Rio Tinto Alcan (80%) and Rusal (20%).[11] In September 2017 the QAL celebrated 50 years of operation.[12][13]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Q. Alumina refinery to be world's biggest". The Canberra Times. 43 (12, 265). Australian Capital Territory, Australia. 21 March 1969. p. 15. Retrieved 13 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  2. ^ "Queensland Alumina's ' output up to 2.4m tonnes". The Canberra Times. 55 (16, 539). Australian Capital Territory, Australia. 7 January 1981. p. 19. Retrieved 13 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  3. ^ "£52 Million Alumina Plant Plan". The Canberra Times. 38 (10, 885). Australian Capital Territory, Australia. 27 June 1964. p. 3. Retrieved 13 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  4. ^ Queensland Alumina Ltd (1967), Queensland Alumina : official opening procedure, August 1967, Thursday August 3 - Friday August 4, Gladstone, Qld. Queensland Alumina, retrieved 13 October 2017
  5. ^ "Alumina record". The Canberra Times. 55 (16, 721). Australian Capital Territory, Australia. 8 July 1981. p. 27. Retrieved 13 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  6. ^ "Alumina troubles not long term". The Canberra Times. 46 (13, 019). Australian Capital Territory, Australia. 15 January 1972. p. 19. Retrieved 13 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  7. ^ "Alumina shut-down". The Canberra Times. 56 (17, 031). Australian Capital Territory, Australia. 15 May 1982. p. 20. Retrieved 13 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  8. ^ "Alumina plant to lift output". The Canberra Times. 57 (17, 421). Australian Capital Territory, Australia. 10 June 1983. p. 13. Retrieved 13 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  9. ^ "Comalco gains interest in Q'ld Alumina". The Canberra Times. 44 (12, 457). Australian Capital Territory, Australia. 1 November 1969. p. 22. Retrieved 13 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  10. ^ "Alumina shut-down". The Canberra Times. 56 (17, 031). Australian Capital Territory, Australia. 15 May 1982. p. 20. Retrieved 13 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  11. ^ In the aluminium power play, water works The Age 23 April 2005
  12. ^ Christine Mckee, (13 September 2017), QAL celebrates 50 years in Gladstone, The Observer (Gladstone). Retrieved 13 October 2017
  13. ^ Queensland Alumina Limited (1975), Queensland Alumina : the giant that never sleeps, the Company, retrieved 13 October 2017

External linksEdit

Official website