The Quebec Senior Hockey League (QSHL) was an ice hockey league that operated from 1941 to 1959 , based in Quebec, Canada. The league played senior ice hockey under the jurisdiction of the Quebec Amateur Hockey Association until 1953, when it became professional and operated as the Quebec Hockey League (QHL).
The origins of the Quebec Senior Hockey League (QSHL) rest with the Quebec Amateur Hockey Association (QAHA) which grew out of the Inter-Provincial Amateur Hockey Union which began play in Quebec from 1908. The bulk of the teams that formed the QSHL were part of the Montreal Senior Group of the QAHA. The QAHA re-organized its senior league for 1941 and the QSHL was formed.
During the 1940–41 season, The Gazette reported rumors that QSHL players discussed strike action in protest of lower financial compensation given to players for their expenses, which was blamed the implementation of a reserve list system which prevented teams from competing for the same players. QAHA president Norman Dawe then arbitrated disputes where teams disagreed on player registrations, but the reserve list remained as a gentlemen's agreement among the teams. The QAHA wanted more influence into how the Canadian Amateur Hockey Association (CAHA) determined the dates and location of playoffs games for the Allan Cup, and objected to the 1941 Allan Cup playoffs beginning earlier than usual, which shortened the QSHL playoffs.
The QSHL proposed forming an Eastern Canada Hockey Association in May 1941. Under the proposal, the QAHA, the Ottawa and District Amateur Hockey Association (ODAHA), and the Maritime Amateur Hockey Association, would work together in the playoffs to determine one team to play against the Ontario champion; and share the profits from the gate receipts among themselves before the CAHA took its share. QSHL president George Slater felt that any team which reached the Allan Cup finals would face bankruptcy without a better financial deal, since the CAHA kept all profits from gate receipts in inter-branch playoffs. In the 1942 Allan Cup playoffs, the QAHA wanted the winners of the QSHL and the Eastern Townships League to play a series for the provincial senior championship. The CAHA denied the extension and the QSHL final was shortened to a two-game total-goals series. At the 1942 CAHA general meeting, the CAHA chose to increase travel expenses to teams during the playoffs instead of forming the Eastern Canada Hockey Association. The QAHA wanted to prevent stacked teams in the QSHL and other senior leagues, limited teams to signing a maximum of four former National Hockey League (NHL) players.
1944–45 season, the ODAHA denied permission for the Ottawa Commandos and the Hull Volants to play in the QSHL, and wanted the teams to play in the Ottawa City Hockey League where it was in the association's best financial interest. The QSHL subsequently voted to operate the 1944–45 season with four teams independent of the QAHA and CAHA. Dawe remained willing to co-operate with the QSHL as long as a settlement could be reached with the ODAHA that allowed the teams to play under the jurisdiction of the QAHA. He attempted to mediate the dispute by allowing the ODAHA to keep the five per cent share of gate receipts for the Ottawa and Hull teams, instead of the funds being paid to the QAHA. CAHA secretary George Dudley mediated the dispute and decided that no players would be suspended while talks were ongoing. After a week of discussions, the ODAHA accepted Dawe's recommendation.
During the 1945–46 season, rumors persisted in The Gazette about the QSHL becoming a professional minor league, since teams were upset with the amount of travel expenses given by the CAHA in the Allan Cup playoffs. Dawe felt that senior teams had an obligation to support amateur hockey which was the source of senior players, and raised objections at the QSHL annual meeting. No decision was made on whether to become professional, and the league sought more information from the NHL on the benefits and finances of a professional minor league. The Winnipeg Free Press reported that the QSHL was the best senior hockey league in Canada, and that NHL executives resented that the Montreal Canadiens had the first pick of any player from the league. Dawe stated that Lester Patrick of the New York Rangers, and Art Ross of the Boston Bruins, wanted to see the QSHL and other CAHA senior leagues become professional for the best interests of the other NHL teams. The QSHL remained an amateur league for the 1945–46 season, which resulted in the QAHA being in its best financial position to date with the majority of income from QSHL gate receipts.
The QSHL and other senior leagues requested a new deal with the CAHA and complained that their players were too costly to obtain and could easily leave since no contractual commitment was required. In 1950, the CAHA decided that its five best calibre senior leagues would compete for a new trophy at a higher level than the Allan Cup. The Alexander Cup became the championship trophy of the Major Series. The 1951 Valleyfield Braves and the 1952 Quebec Aces won the Alexander Cup.
The Ottawa Senators contested that according to the Major Series agreement, the handling of player eligibility questions and infractions of rules should be done by the CAHA instead of the QAHA. CAHA president W. B. George conducted discussions in December 1952, which resulted in recommended changes to the QSHL constitution and assertion of CAHA control over the Major Series.
In May 1953, the league decided to leave the CAHA by resigning from the QAHA, which was itself under suspension from the CAHA. After leaving the CAHA, the team owners voted to become professional to protect their player contracts. However, QSHL players who had signed forms with NHL clubs to play professionally, could not sign with the new QHL teams. The players who signed QHL contracts became QHL team property and their contracts could be sold or traded to NHL or other professional leagues.
The QHL disbanded following the 1958–59 season, with the Hull-Ottawa Canadiens, Montreal Royals and Trois-Rivières Lions going to the Eastern Professional Hockey League and the Quebec Aces heading to the American Hockey League.
List of QSHL/QHL teamsEdit
Montreal Senior Group
- McGill University Redmen
- Montreal Junior Canadiens
- Montreal Royals (1933–41)
- Montreal Victorias (1908–1939)
- Ottawa Senators (1934–41)
- Quebec Aces (1936–41)
- Boston Olympics (1947–49) †Played a split schedule between the QSHL and the EAHL
- Chicoutimi Sagueneens (1949–59)
- Cornwall, Ontario Flyers (1941–?)
- Hull Volants (1944–46)
- Hull-Ottawa Canadiens (1956–57) †Played a split schedule between the QSHL and the OHA Senior A league.
- Chicoutimi Sagueneens (1949–59)
- Montreal Royals (1941–59)
- Montreal Junior Canadiens (1941–)
- Montreal Pats (1941–42)
- New York Rovers (1947–49) †Played a split schedule between the QSHL and the EAHL
- Ottawa RCAF Flyers - (1942–1943)
- Ottawa Senators/Ottawa Commandos (1941–54)
- Quebec Aces (1941–59)
- Shawinigan Falls Cataracts (1945–53)
- Shawinigan Cataracts (1954–58)
- Sherbrooke St. Francis (1948–49)
- Sherbrooke Saints (1949–54)
- Springfield Indians (1953–54)
- Trois-Rivières Lions (1955–59)
- University of Montreal (1943–44)
- Valleyfield Braves (1945–55)
List of league championsEdit
Amateur QSHL: 1941–42 through 1952–53
Semi-professional QHL: 1953–54 through 1958–59
|1941–42||Cornwall Flyers, Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Pats, Montreal Royals, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Aces||Ottawa Senators(Season), Quebec Aces(Playoffs)|
|1942–43||Cornwall Flyers, Montreal Army, Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Royals, Ottawa Commandos, Ottawa RCAF Flyers, Quebec Aces||Ottawa Commandos|
|1943–44||Cornwall Army(withdrew), Montreal RCAF(withdrew), Montreal Royals, Ottawa Commandos, Quebec Aces, University of Montreal||Quebec Aces|
|1944–45||Hull Volants, Montreal Royals, Ottawa Commandos, Quebec Aces||Quebec Aces|
|1945–46||Hull Volants, Montreal Royals, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Aces, Shawinigan Cataracts, Valleyfield Braves||Montreal Royals|
|1946–47||Montreal Royals, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Aces, Shawinigan Cataracts, Valleyfield Braves||Montreal Royals|
|1947–48||Boston Olympics, Montreal Royals, New York Rovers, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Aces, Shawinigan Cataracts, Valleyfield Braves||Ottawa Senators|
|1948–49||Boston Olympics, Montreal Royals, New York Rovers, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Aces, Shawinigan Cataracts, Sherbrooke St. Francis, Valleyfield Braves||Ottawa Senators|
|1949–50||Chicoutimi Sagueneens, Montreal Royals, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Aces, Shawinigan Cataracts, Sherbrooke Saints, Valleyfield Braves||Sherbrooke Saints|
|1950–51||Chicoutimi Sagueneens, Montreal Royals, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Aces, Shawinigan Cataracts, Sherbrooke Saints, Valleyfield Braves||Valleyfield Braves|
|1951–52||Chicoutimi Sagueneens, Montreal Royals, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Aces, Shawinigan Cataracts, Sherbrooke Saints, Valleyfield Braves||Quebec Aces|
|1953–54||Chicoutimi Sagueneens, Montreal Royals, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Aces, Sherbrooke Saints, Springfield Indians, Valleyfield Braves||Chicoutimi Sagueneens (Season), Quebec Aces (Playoffs)|
|1954–55||Chicoutimi Sagueneens, Montreal Royals, Ottawa Senators(withdrew), Quebec Aces, Shawinigan Cataracts, Valleyfield Braves||Shawinigan Cataracts (Season and Playoffs)|
|1955–56||Chicoutimi Sagueneens, Montreal Royals, Quebec Aces, Shawinigan Cataracts, Trois-Rivieres Lions||Shawinigan Cataracts (Season), Montreal Royals (Playoffs)|
|1956–57||Chicoutimi Sagueneens, Montreal Royals, Ottawa-Hull Jr. Canadiens, Quebec Aces, Shawinigan Cataracts, Trois-Rivieres Lions||Quebec Aces (Seasons and Playoffs)|
|1957–58||Chicoutimi Sagueneens, Montreal Royals, Quebec Aces, Shawinigan Cataracts, Trois-Rivieres Lions||Chicoutimi Sagueneens (Season), Shawinigan Cataracts (Playoffs)|
|1958–59||Chicoutimi Sagueneens, Montreal Royals, Quebec Aces, Trois-Rivieres Lions||Montreal Royals (Season and Playoffs)|
- "Barber-Poles Triumph by 4-1 on Local Ice". Ottawa Citizen. November 3, 1941. p. 11.
- "Q.S.H.L. Faces Player Strike; Reserve List Causes Friction". The Gazette. Montreal, Quebec. October 21, 1940. p. 17.
- "Local Ice Rulers Veto Inducements". The Gazette. Montreal, Quebec. December 18, 1940. p. 18.
- "Dates Announced For Ice Playoffs". The Gazette. Montreal, Quebec. January 4, 1941. p. 16.
- "Q.S.H.L. May Seek Playoff Revision". The Gazette. Montreal, Quebec. May 10, 1941. p. 16.
- Lockhart, Lloyd (May 28, 1941). "Q.A.H.A. Starts Movement to Set Up Eastern Canada Hockey Association". The Gazette. Montreal, Quebec. p. 18.
- "Dudley Again Insists Q.A.H.A. Must Declare Winner By March 25". The Gazette. Montreal, Quebec. March 16, 1942. p. 18.
- Sheridan, Dick (April 21, 1942). "Sargent Is Named New C.A.H.A. Head". The Gazette. Montreal, Quebec. p. 18.
- Griffith, Owen (October 17, 1942). "Branch Is Urging C.A.H.A. Adopt Plan". The Gazette. Montreal, Quebec. p. 16.
- "Volants Await C.A.H.A. Word; Two Statements Released". Ottawa Citizen. Ottawa, Ontario. October 28, 1944. p. 19.
- "Q.S.H.L. To Operate As Separate Loop". The Gazette. Montreal, Quebec. November 2, 1944. p. 16.
- "Early Solution in League Dispute is Likelihood Soon". Brandon Daily Sun. Brandon, Manitoba. November 6, 1944. p. 4.
- "C.A.H.A. Announce Settlement Of Ottawa Hockey Dispute". Ottawa Journal. Ottawa, Ontario. November 11, 1944. p. 19.
- Morris, Vic (July 26, 1945). "Aces Reelect Martineau Prexy; Stormy QSHL Session Foreseen". The Gazette. Montreal, Quebec. p. 14.
- "Alleged QSHL Move Opposed By Dawe". The Gazette. Montreal, Quebec. July 10, 1945. p. 14. ; "Dawe Will Fight Hockey Proposal". Ottawa Citizen. Ottawa, Ontario. July 10, 1945. p. 9.
- "QSHL to Operate as 6-team Loop; Slater Will Meet with Dutton". The Gazette. Montreal, Quebec. August 20, 1945. p. 16. ; "QSHL—from p. 16". The Gazette. Montreal, Quebec. August 20, 1945. p. 19.
- "N.H.L. Moguls Resent Gorman Hockey Empire". Winnipeg Free Press. Winnipeg, Manitoba. January 5, 1946. p. 11.
- "Re-elect Dawe Prexy Quebec Association". The Gazette. Montreal, Quebec. May 20, 1946. p. 17.
- "Super League To Discuss Contracts". Winnipeg Tribune. Winnipeg, Manitoba. June 15, 1950. p. 24.
- "Senior Setup To Be Aired". Winnipeg Free Press. Winnipeg, Manitoba. June 15, 1950. p. 29.
- "Alexander Trophy For Major Series". Lethbridge Herald. Lethbridge, Alberta. November 20, 1950. p. 10.
- "The Alexander Cup". Society for International Hockey Research. October 18, 2020. Retrieved January 31, 2021.
- "Slater and Dudley To Discuss Major Series Item Tomorrow". Ottawa Citizen. Ottawa, Ontario. December 5, 1952. p. 24.
- Shields, Tommy (December 8, 1952). "Round and About". Ottawa Citizen. Ottawa, Ontario. p. 20.
- Wheatley, W. R. (June 11, 1953). "NHL, CAHA To Sever Relations". Winnipeg Free Press. Winnipeg, Manitoba. p. 22.
- Wheatley, W. R. (June 11, 1953). "National Loop Terminates Agreement". Lethbridge Herald. Lethbridge, Alberta. p. 6.
- "Senior League Bolts from QAHA Ranks; Goes Independent". The Globe and Mail. March 9, 1953. p. 20.
- "McMahon's Overtime Counter Puts Capital City Team Out; Affair Cut Short By Mixup". Ottawa Citizen. March 21, 1942. p. 12.