According to the Ottoman Calendars (Arabic: السالنامات العثمانية), the Qishla was built in 1863 to be the headquarters of the Ottoman army in Kirkuk. The building is located in the city centre, occupying about 6 acres (24,000 m2). The word Qishla is a Turkish word means the place where the army stay at the winter.
On the 8th of February 2016, 12 meters of the Qishla collapsed.
- "Nearly 12 meters of historical Kirkuk Qishla collapsed". 8 February 2016.