Qalet Marku Battery

Qalet Marku Battery (Maltese: Batterija ta' Qalet Marku), also known as D'Orbeau Battery (Maltese: Batterija D'Orbeau), was an artillery battery in Baħar iċ-Ċagħaq, limits of Naxxar, Malta. It was built in 1715–1716 by the Order of Saint John as one of a series of coastal fortifications around the Maltese Islands. The battery has been largely destroyed, but some remains can still be seen.

Qalet Marku Battery
Batterija ta' Qalet Marku
Baħar iċ-Ċagħaq, Naxxar, Malta
Qalet Marku Battery.jpg
Remains of Qalet Marku Battery
Coordinates35°56′42.2″N 14°27′14.1″E / 35.945056°N 14.453917°E / 35.945056; 14.453917
TypeArtillery battery
Site information
OwnerGovernment of Malta
ConditionRuins
Site history
Built1715–1716
Built byOrder of Saint John
MaterialsLimestone

HistoryEdit

Qalet Marku Battery was built in 1715–1716 as part of the first building programme of coastal batteries in Malta. The nearest fortifications to the battery were Saint Mark's Tower to the north, Qalet Marku Redoubt to the west (now demolished) and Baħar iċ-Ċagħaq Redoubt to the east. Construction of the battery cost 1165 scudi.[1]

 
Foundations of Qalet Marku Battery with Saint Mark's Tower in the distance

The battery originally consisted of a pentagonal gun platform with an embrasured parapet wall.[2] A rectangular blockhouse was located in the centre of the battery, while the entire structure was surrounded by a rock-hewn ditch.

The battery was still in good condition until the first half of the 20th century. It seems to have been severely damaged before or during World War II. At this point, a concrete bunker was built on one side of the ruined battery.[1]

Present dayEdit

Today, only the ditch and part of the scarp wall are still visible, although they are covered in vegetation.[3] Despite this, the site is considered to have significant archaeological potential if properly excavated and studied.[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Lost landmarks of Malta: Batteria D'Orbeau - Qalet Marku, Baħar iċ-Ċaghaq". The Malta Independent. 23 February 2014. Retrieved 26 June 2015.
  2. ^ Spiteri, Stephen C. "Naxxar and its fortifications". MilitaryArchitecture.com. Archived from the original on 20 January 2016. Retrieved 26 June 2015.
  3. ^ "Environment Protection Directorate (MEPA) Report on EIA – Environmental Impact Statement (EIS)". MEPA. July 2012. p. 21. Archived from the original on 26 June 2015. Retrieved 26 June 2015.
  4. ^ Spiteri, Stephen C. (28 August 2012). "Campaigning for Rihama Battery". MilitaryArchitecture.com. Archived from the original on 2 October 2017. Retrieved 26 June 2015.

External linksEdit