Qahtan (tribe)

Qahtān (Arabic: قحطان, also spelled as القحطاني) to distinguish between the tribe and the Qahtanite peoples, is an Arab tribal confederation. Qahtan is composed of three main tribes: Sanhan, Junb, and Rufaida. Today, members of the tribe and its sub-tribes are based in Saudi Arabia (where most of the tribe is congregated), Yemen, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, Morocco and the United Arab Emirates.

قحطان, القحطاني
علم قبيلة قحطان.jpg
The flag of the Qahtan tribe, which is a cloth that changes color from time to time, on which the two testimonies are written, and under it are two curved swords
Regions with significant populations
Saudi Arabia500,000 Bedouins (1920s)[1] (Not including settled population)
5-6 million people in GCC and Iraq
southern Najdi dialect[2]
Sunni Islam (Hanbali)
Related ethnic groups
Al Murrah, Bani Hajer, Yam, Ajman

Qahtan's sheikhdom was unanimously agreed by Western historians to be in the hands of the 'Al Qarmalah' family of the Jahader clan in the 19th century, and as early as 1961, the paramount sheikh of Qahtan was reported to be 'Khalil ibn Nasir ibn Qarmalah' (a descendant of Hadi ibn Qarmalah).[2]


Al QarmalahEdit

The Qahtan tribe enjoyed It settled in one of the Najd regions known as Al-Quwai'iyah and expanded its influence in southern Najd, but Najd is subject to the rule Ibn Saud in the second Saudi state. Several historians have described Qahtan as It became one of the powerful tribes of Najd for a while and then left for its original home in the south.[3][4]

The Jahader branch of the Sanhan sub-tribe of Qahtan migrated to southern Najd from their homelands in Asir Region during the late 18th century and early 19th century under the leadership of Athfar al-Amaaj, Then they fought with an Alawite branch of the Mutair tribe at Jabal Subha in Al-Quwai'iyah, and Qahtan won in the battle and settled in Al-Quwaiyah, where they stayed for a period of time, then they returned to their homeland in the south because of the wars[5] [6] [4]


Bahrain is a Gulf country that houses the tiniest number of Qahtanis compared to other Gulf countries, however, some members of the tribe have taken a relatively prominent role in the country. For example, the head of the Sunni Waqf Endowment Directorate is Rashid al-Hajri, a member of the Bani Hajer.[7] Offshoot Hajri families such Almuhannada also take a public role such as former Member of Parliament Hamad Almuhannadi.[8]

Notable membersEdit


  1. ^ Bedouin Ethnobotany: Plant Concepts and Uses in a Desert Pastoral World page 50
  2. ^ a b Bedouin Ethnobotany: Plant Concepts and Uses in a Desert Pastoral World
  3. ^ Alexei Vassiliev The History of Saudi Arabia
  4. ^ a b ^ جامعة الملك سعود / قسم التاريخ - كلية الاداب
  5. ^ المصدر : كتاب تاريخ نجد – لابن غنام – صفحة 82
  6. ^ ج.ج لويمر ج 1 ص 499-500.
  7. ^ "صدور أمر ملكي بتعيين الشيخ راشد الهاجري رئيساً لمجلس الأوقاف السنية".
  8. ^ "الكتل النيابية تحت قبة البرلمان".
  9. ^ "Saudi official: 23,000 accounts created by Qatar to attack Saudi Arabia". 6 July 2017.