In Greek mythology, Pylaeus (Ancient Greek: Πύλαιος), son of Lethus, son of Teutamides, descendant of Pelasgus. He was one of the allies to King Priam in the Trojan War; he commanded the Pelasgian contingent together with his brother Hippothous. Pylaeus is hardly ever mentioned separately from his brother; they are said to have fallen in battle together by Dictys Cretensis and to have been buried "in a garden" according to the late Latin poet Ausonius.
Strabo, in his comment on the Homeric passage referenced above, mentions that according to a local tradition of Lesbos, Pylaeus also commanded the Lesbian army and had a mountain on the island named Pylaeus after him.
- Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Roman Antiquities 1.28.3 (citing Hellanicus, Phoronis) = Hellanicus fr. 4 Fowler, pp. 156–176.
- Homer, Iliad, 2. 840 - 843
- Dictys Cretensis, 2. 35
- Dictys Cretensis, 3. 14
- Ausonius, Epitaph of Heroes Who Participated in The Trojan War, 21
- Strabo, Geography, 13. 3. 3
- Scholia on Iliad, 2. 842; Eustathius on Iliad, 358. 19; Diogenes Laërtius, 8. 1. 31.: Pylaios was one of the three epithets that Hermes bore as the conveyor of the souls of the dead to the Underworld.
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