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Puppeteer with hand puppets.

A puppeteer is a person who manipulates an inanimate object that might be shaped like a human, animal or mythical creature, or another object to create the illusion that the puppet is "alive". The puppeteer may be visible to or hidden from the audience. A puppeteer can operate a puppet indirectly by the use of strings, rods, wires, electronics or directly by his or her own hands placed inside the puppet or holding it externally or any other part of the body- such as the legs. Some puppet styles require two or more puppeteers to work together to create a single puppet character.

The puppeteer's role is to manipulate the physical object in such a manner that the audience believes the object is imbued with life. In some instances, the persona of the puppeteer is also an important feature, as with ventriloquist's dummy performers, in which the puppeteer and the human figure-styled puppet appear onstage together, and in theatre shows like Avenue Q.

The puppeteer might speak in the role of the puppet's character, synchronising the movements of the puppet's "mouth". However, there is much puppetry which does not use the moving mouth (which is a lip-sync innovation created originally for television where close-up "headshots" are popular). Often, in theatre, a moveable mouth is used only for gestural expression, or speech might be produced by a non-moving mouth. In traditional glove puppetry often one puppeteer will operate two puppets at a time out of a cast of several. Much work is produced without any speech at all with all the emphasis on movement

The relationship between the puppeteer and the puppet-maker is similar to that between an actor and a playwright, in cases where a puppet-maker designs a puppet for a puppeteer. Very often, though, the puppeteer assumes the joint roles of puppet-maker, director, designer, writer and performer. In this case a puppeteer is a more complete theatre practitioner than is the case with other theatre forms, in which one person writes a play, another person directs it, and then actors perform the lines and gestures.

Puppetry is a complex medium sometimes consisting of live performance, sometimes contributing to stop frame puppet animation, and film where performances might be technically processed as motion capture, CGI or as virtual puppetry.

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List of individualsEdit

 
A puppeteer in old town Jakarta

Notable individuals associated with the genreEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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  9. ^ "9 Famous Puppeteers of the 20th Century". Mental Floss. Archived from the original on 30 April 2017. Retrieved 7 May 2017. 
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  11. ^ "Homepage of Simon Buckley, puppeteer". Simonbuckley.co.uk. Archived from the original on 2012-09-08. Retrieved 2012-08-20. 
  12. ^ "Homepage of Ronnie Le Drew, puppeteer". Ronnieledrew.com. Archived from the original on 2012-07-17. Retrieved 2012-08-20. 
  13. ^ Andrew, Corey (8 August 2014). "Gonzo Puppeteer Attends SF Muppet Movie Screening". NBC Bay Area. Archived from the original on 24 March 2016. Retrieved 7 May 2017. 
  14. ^ "Q&A With Heather Henson". Imamuseum.org. 16 March 2012. Archived from the original on 22 July 2016. Retrieved 7 May 2017. 
  15. ^ "Meet Rachel Herrick". Sideshow Sound Theatre. Archived from the original on 10 March 2016. Retrieved 7 May 2017. 
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-04-07. Retrieved 2014-06-17. 
  17. ^ "Pee Wee Herman's Return". Swazzle. Retrieved 7 May 2017. [permanent dead link]
  18. ^ "What Do You Do After Puppet School?". LA Stage Times. 8 November 2012. Archived from the original on 6 May 2018. Retrieved 7 May 2017. 
  19. ^ "Shari Lewis Biography". Archived from the original on 20 June 2017. Retrieved 7 May 2017. 
  20. ^ Barnes, Mike (2010-09-28). "Hollywood puppeteer Van Snowden dies". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on 2010-09-29. Retrieved 2010-10-12. 
  21. ^ Nix, Crystal (8 December 1985). "Burr Tillstrom, Puppeteer, Dies". New York Times. Archived from the original on 14 April 2017. Retrieved 7 May 2017. 
  22. ^ "Kid party entertainment packages, balloon, puppet, magic and more..." Happy Bright Kids. Archived from the original on 2014-12-17. 
  23. ^ Egan, ed. (2011). John Waters: Interviews (Conversations With Filmmakers). University Press of Mississippi. p. 249. ISBN 978-1617031816.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)

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