Puná Island

Puná Island is an island off the coast of southern Ecuador[1] at approximately 80 degrees west longitude and 3 degrees south latitude. It is located at the head of the Gulf of Guayaquil, south of the mouth of the Guayas River and the city of Guayaquil, Ecuador's largest city and chief port. It is bordered by Jambelí Channel on the east and Morro Channel on the west, both of which connect the open Gulf of Guayaquil to the narrow mouth of the Guayas River. The total area of Puná Island is 330 square miles (855 square kilometres). The island is a parish of Guayaquil Canton in Guayas Province.

Location of Puná Parish

HistoryEdit

The Battle of Puná, fought on the island in April 1531, was an engagement of Francisco Pizarro's during the Spanish conquest of Peru. It was fought by the Spanish conquistadores allied with the natives of Tumbez, against their rivals, the people of Puná.[2]:142–143

The missionary first bishop of Cuzco, Vincent de Valverde, was put to death by the islanders on 31 October 1541.[3]

Hakluyt's 'Voyages' relate that Cavendish raided the island in 1587 during his circumnavigation but was repulsed with loss by local forces including Indians who were by then loyal to the Spanish administration.

Puná Island is where rugby union in Ecuador was first played, in the 1930s, by English merchants.[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Puná Island, Encyclopædia Britannica
  2. ^ Prescott, W.H., 2011, The History of the Conquest of Peru, Digireads.com Publishing, ISBN 9781420941142
  3. ^ Vincent de Valverde, Catholic Encyclopaedia
  4. ^ UNVEILING RUGBY IN ECUADOR revealed 5 July 2009

Coordinates: 2°50′S 80°08′W / 2.833°S 80.133°W / -2.833; -80.133