Publius Memmius Regulus (died AD 61) was a Roman senator active during the reign of the emperor Tiberius. He served as consul suffectus from October to December AD 31 with Lucius Fulcinius Trio as his colleague.
Background and familyEdit
His father was also named Publius. He was from the town of Rosceliona in the province of Gallia Narbonensis. Regulus came to the consulate a novus homo, meaning that no member of his family had previously achieved that office; Ronald Syme goes as far as to label Regulus "the first Narbonensian consul, anticipating Valerius Asiaticus in 35 and Domitius Afer in 39". A Gaius Memmius had been consul suffectus in 34 BC, but they were likely unrelated.
Regulus' wife was Lollia Paulina, a woman of great beauty and considerable wealth. Shortly after his accession, Caligula compelled Regulus to divorce Paulina, who in AD 38 became the emperor's third wife. But after six months, the emperor divorced and exiled Paulina. Regulus was probably the father of Gaius Memmius Regulus, consul in AD 63.
Regulus and his colleague, Trio, entered their consulship on the Kalends of October, AD 31, and served until the end of the year. Their magistracy saw the downfall of Sejanus, the notorious plotter and sycophant of Tiberius, whom Regulus personally conducted to prison.
After his consulship, Regulus served as prefect of the combined provinces of Macedonia and Achaea. During his time in Achaea, Regulus and his son were honored with various statues. After the death of Tiberius, his successor, Caligula, ordered Regulus to remove the statue of Jupiter by Phidias at Olympia, and bring it to Rome. He was proconsular governor of Asia, possibly for the term 48/49.
Regulus was one of the Sodales Augustales, the Epulones, and the Arval Brethren, all important priesthoods. Tacitus describes him as "a man of dignity, who was a person of influence and good name." Shortly before he died in the year 61, the emperor Nero described him as one of his nation's greatest resources.
- Cooley, Cambridge Manual of Latin Epigraphy, p. 460.
- Syme, "More Narbonensian Senators", Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik, 65 (1986), p. 9
- Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, vol. II, p. 1027 ("Memmius", No. 10).
- Tacitus, Annales, xii. 22.
- Suetonius, "The Life of Caligula", 25.
- Cassius Dio, lix. 12.
- Eusebius, Chronicon .
- Tacitus, Annales, xv. 23.
- Fasti Ostienses, CIL XIV, 244, 4531–4546, 5354, 5355.
- Cassius Dio, lviii. 9.
- Josephus, Antiquitates Judaïcae, xix. 1.
- Pausanias, ix. 27.
- Syme, "Problems about Proconsuls of Asia," Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik, 53 (1983), p. 196
- Tacitus, Annales, xiv. 47.
- Flavius Josephus, Antiquitates Judaïcae (Antiquities of the Jews).
- Publius Cornelius Tacitus, Annales.
- Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus, De Vita Caesarum (Lives of the Caesars, or The Twelve Caesars).
- Pausanias, Description of Greece.
- Lucius Cassius Dio Cocceianus (Cassius Dio), Roman History.
- Eusebius of Caesarea, Chronicon.
- Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, William Smith, ed., Little, Brown and Company, Boston (1849).
- Alison E. Cooley, The Cambridge Manual of Latin Epigraphy, Cambridge University Press, (2012).