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Psilorhynchus is a genus of fish in the family Psilorhynchidae native to South Asia. This genus is the only member of its family. The members of Psilorhynchus are small benthic fishes which occur in rivers and streams with fast to swift currents, hence they are often referred to a torrent minnows. They are distributed in southern Asia, in the Indo-Burma region and the Western Ghats. The genus is the sister group to the family Cyprinidae, and with that family the Psilorhynchidae makes up the superfamily Cyprinoidea, with all the other cypriniform families in the superfamily Cobitoidea.[1]

Psilorhynchus
Psilorhynchus balitora.jpg
Psilorhynchus balitora
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Psilorhynchidae
Hora, 1926
Genus: Psilorhynchus
McClelland, 1838
Type species
Cyprinus sucatio
Hamilton, 1822
Synonyms

Psilorhynchoides Yazdani, Singh & Rao, 1993

SpeciesEdit

There are currently 28 recognized species in this genus:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Kevin W. Conway (2011). "Osteology of the South Asian Genus Psilorhynchus McClelland, 1839 (Teleostei: Ostariophysi: Psilorhynchidae), with investigation of its phylogenetic relationships within the order Cypriniformes". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 163 (1): 50–154. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2011.00698.x.
  2. ^ a b c Conway, K.W. & Britz, R. (2010): Three new species of Psilorhynchus from the Ayeyarwaddy River drainage, Myanmar (Teleostei: Psilorhynchidae). Zootaxa, 2616: 31–47.
  3. ^ Shangningam, B. & Vishwanath, W. (2013): A new species of Psilorhynchus (Teleostei: Psilorhynchidae) from the Chindwin basin of Manipur, India. Zootaxa, 3694 (4): 381–390.
  4. ^ a b c Conway, K.W., Dittmer, D.E., Jezisek, L.E. & Ng, H.H. (2013): On Psilorhynchus sucatio and P. nudithoracicus, with the description of a new species of Psilorhynchus from northeastern India (Ostariophysi: Psilorhynchidae). Zootaxa, 3686 (2): 201–243.
  5. ^ Shangningam, B. & Vishwanath, W. (2014): Redescription of Psilorhynchus homaloptera, a torrent minnow from Northeast India (Teleostei: Psilorhynchidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 24 (3): 237-248.
  6. ^ Lalramliana, Lalnuntluanga & Lalronunga, S. (2015): Psilorhynchus kaladanensis, a new species (Teleostei: Psilorhynchidae) from Mizoram, northeastern India. Zootaxa, 3962 (1): 171–178.
  7. ^ Lalramliana, Solo, B., Lalronunga, S. & Lalnuntluanga (2014): Psilorhynchus khopai, a new fish species (Teleostei: Psilorhynchidae) from Mizoram, northeastern India. Zootaxa, 3793 (2): 265–272.
  8. ^ Shangningam, B. & Vishwanath, W. (2016): Psilorhynchus konemi, a new species of torrent minnow from northeast India (Teleostei: Psilorhynchidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 27 (4): 289-296.
  9. ^ Shangningam, B. & Vishwanath, W. (2013): Psilorhynchus maculatus, a new species of torrent minnow from the Chindwin basin, Manipur, India (Teleostei: Psilorhynchidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 24 (1): 57-62.
  10. ^ a b Conway, K.W. & Kottelat, M. (2010): Two new species of Torrent Minnow (Ostariophysi: Psilorhynchidae) from western Myanmar. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 58 (2): 259–267.
  11. ^ Shangningam, B. & Vishwanath, W. (2013): Psilorhynchus ngathanu, a new torrent minnow species (Teleostei: Psilorhynchidae) from the Chindwin Basin, Manipur, India. Ichthyological Research, 61 (1): 27-31.
  12. ^ Conway, K.W. & Britz, R. (2015): Psilorhynchus olliei, a new species of torrent minnow from eastern Myanmar (Ostariophysi: Psilorhynchidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 25 (4): 347–356.
  13. ^ Conway, K.W., Mayden, R.L., Shrestha, J. & Edds, D.R. (2012): Redescription of the Nepalese endemic torrent minnow Psilorhynchus pseudecheneis with comments on P. homaloptera (Teleostei: Psilorhynchidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 23 (3): 193-210.
  14. ^ Shangningam, B., Kosygin, L. & Vishwanath, W. (2013): Redescription of Psilorhynchus rowleyi Hora and Misra 1941 (Cypriniformes: Psilorhynchidae). Ichthyological Research, 60 (3): 249-255.
  15. ^ Conway, K.W. & Pinion, A.K. (2016): Psilorhynchus tysoni, a new species of torrent minnow from the Salween River drainage, western Thailand (Teleostei: Psilorhynchidae). Zootaxa, 4136 (3): 580-592.