Psi and phi type figurine
Tau-, Psi- and phi- type figurines date back to 1450-1100 BC in Mycenaean Greece. They were typically small in size (about 10cm high), made of terracotta, although a group of ivory figurines has been found, and were found in tombs, shrines and settlement areas. They are classified by their shape and a resemblance to the Greek letters of tau (τ), psi (ψ) and phi (Φ), according to a typological system created by Arne Furumark in 1941.
Their function/purpose is unknown, although it has been suggested that their purpose changed with the context in which they were found. Possible uses were children's toys, votive figurines or grave offerings.
Some figurines appear to wear flattened headdresses, which suggests they may be goddesses. However, it is difficult to distinguish between goddesses and worshippers. It is likely that they were made by the same craftsmen who made Mycenaean vases, as the decoration techniques are similar.
Phi-type and Psi-type Mycenaean Female Figurines - Museum of Cycladic Art, Athens. 14th - 12th century BC
- Olsen, Barbara A (Feb 1998). "Women, Children and the Family in the Late Aegean Bronze Age: Differences in Minoan and Mycenaean Constructions of Gender". World Archaeology. 29 (3): 380–392. doi:10.1080/00438243.1998.9980386. JSTOR 125037.
- French, Elizabeth (1971). "The Development of Mycenaean Terracotta Figurines". The Annual of the British School at Athens. 66: 101–187. doi:10.1017/S0068245400019146. JSTOR 30103231.
- British Museum. "Three terracotta figurines". Retrieved 17 July 2012.
- "Female figurine (Psi type) | Museum of Cycladic Art". cycladic.gr. Retrieved 2018-12-22.
- "figure". British Museum. Retrieved 2018-12-22.
- www.metmuseum.org https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/698244. Retrieved 2018-12-22. Missing or empty
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